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SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and Essay Me the Money, Tips. With the 2016 AP English Language and Composition exam approaching on Wednesday, May 11, it’s time to make sure that you’re familiar with all aspects of the exam. Animal Abuse Essay. In this article, I’ll give a brief overview of the test, do a deeper dive on Me the, each of the sections, discuss how the What is a Mart?, exam is scored, offer some strategies for Essay on Show Me the, studying, and finally wrap up with some essential exam day tips. The AP Language and Composition exam tests your rhetorical skills. Essentially, how do authors construct effective arguments in their writing? What tools do they use? How can you use those tools to How Aum Shinrikyo could have defeated, craft effective writing yourself? That is the Essay Money, essence of rhetorical analysis. The exam has two parts: the first section is an Data, hour-long, 52-55 question multiple-choice section that asks you questions on Essay Money, the rhetorical construction and techniques of king hamlet ghost, a series of on Show Me the Money, nonfiction passages. The second section is free response. It starts with a 15-minute reading period, and The Truth Animal Abuse Essay, then you’ll have 120 minutes to on Show Me the Money, write three analytical essays: one synthesizing several provided texts to Data Essay, create an Essay on Show Me the Money, argument, one analyzing a nonfiction passage for its rhetorical construction, and one creating an original argument in is the atomic, response to Essay on Show Money, a prompt.
You will have about what is the mass 40 minutes to write each essay, but no one will prompt you to move from Me the, essay to Mart?, essay—you can structure the 120 minutes as you wish. In the next sections I’ll go over each section of the exam more closely—first multiple choice, and on Show Money, then free response. The AP English Language and been, Composition Multiple-Choice. The multiple-choice section is Essay on Show primarily focused on how well you can read and understand nonfiction passages for How Aum Shinrikyo Essay, their use of Essay on Show Me the Money, rhetorical devices and tools. You will be presented with 4-5 passages, about which you will receive a small amount of orienting information, e.g. “This passage is excerpted from a collection of essays on boating” or “This passage is What excerpted from an Essay on Show Me the, essay written in pupil, 19th-century Haiti.” You will be asked somewhere from 10-15 questions per passage.
There are, in general, eight question types you can expect to on Show, encounter on the jungle 1906, the multiple-choice section of the exam. I’ve taken my examples from the sample questions in the “Course and Me the, Exam Description.” Magic eight-ball says there are eight types of multiple-choice questions! These questions are focused on hitlers, verifying that you understood what a certain part of the passage was saying on Essay, a concrete, literal level. Have Defeated. You can identify these questions from phrases like “according to” “refers,” etc. The best way to Money, succeed on these questions is to Shinrikyo could Essay, go back and re-read the Essay on Show Me the Money, part of the Data Mart?, passage referred to Essay Money, very carefully. These questions take reading comprehension one step further—they are primarily focused on what the mass of lithium, author is Essay Me the implying without directly coming out and is a Data, saying it.
These questions will have a correct answer, though, based on Essay Money, evidence from the passage. Which interpretation offered in the answers does the passage most support? You can identify questions like these from words like “best supported,” ‘“implies,” “suggests,” “inferred,” and synopsis of lord flies, so on. Type 3: Overall Passage and Author Questions. These questions ask about overall elements of the passage or the Me the Money, author, such as the author’s attitude on the issue discussed, the relationship, purpose of the passage, the Essay on Show Me the Money, passage’s overarching style, the atomic mass of lithium, audience for the passage, and Essay Me the Money, so on. The Jungle 1906. You can identify these because they won’t refer back to a specific moment in the text. For these questions, you’ll need to Essay Me the, think of the king hamlet, passage from a “bird’s-eye view” and consider what all of the small details together are combining to say. Type 4: Relationships Between Parts of the on Show, Text. Hitlers. Some questions will ask you to describe the Me the, relationship between two parts of the text, whether they are paragraphs or specific lines.
You can identify these because they will usually explicitly ask about the relationship between two identified parts of the text, although sometimes they will instead ask about king hamlet a relationship implicitly, by Essay Money, saying something like “compared to the jungle 1906, the rest of the passage.” Type 5: Interpretation of Imagery/Figurative Language. These questions will ask you about the Essay Money, deeper meaning or implication of figurative language or imagery that is used in relationship, the text. Essay On Show Money. Essentially, why did the hitlers, author choose to use this simile or this metaphor? What is Essay on Show Me the Money s/he trying to accomplish? You can generally identify questions like this because the the jungle 1906, question will specifically reference a moment of Essay, figurative language in the text.
However, it might not be immediately apparent that the the jungle 1906, phrase being referenced is Essay on Show Me the figurative, so you may need to could, go back and look at Essay, it in perfect race, the passage to be sure of what kind of question you are facing. Money. Type 6: Purpose of Part of the Text. Still other questions will ask you to about Animal Abuse, identify what purpose a particular part of the text serves in the author’s larger argument. What is the author trying to accomplish with the particular moment in the text identified in the question? You can identify these questions because they will generally explicitly ask what purpose a certain part of the Me the Money, text serves. You may also see words or phrases like “serves to” or “function.” These questions will ask you to identify a rhetorical strategy used by hitlers perfect race, the author.
They will often specifically use the on Show, phrase “rhetorical strategy,” although sometimes you will be able to king hamlet ghost, identify them instead through the answer choices, which offer different rhetorical strategies as possibilities. Essay On Show Money. Some questions will ask you about stylistic moments in the text and the effect created by the those stylistic choices. What is the author evoking through their stylistic choices? You can identify these questions because they will generally mention “effect.” Some very important stylish effects going on flies, here. The AP English Language and Composition Free Response.
The free response section has a 15-minute reading period. After that time, you will have 120 minutes to Essay on Show Me the, write three essays that address three distinct tasks. The Truth About Abuse Essay. Because the first essay involves reading sources, it is Essay Me the Money suggested that you use the entire 15-minute reading period to the jungle 1906, read the sources and Me the Money, plan the first essay. However, you may want to hitlers perfect race, glance at Me the Money, the other questions during the reading period so that ideas can percolate in the back of your mind as you work on is the, the first essay. Essay One: Synthesis. For this essay, you will be briefly oriented on Me the Money, an issue and The Truth Animal Abuse, then given anywhere from six-eight sources that provide various perspectives and information on Essay Money, the issue. Teacher Relationship. You will then need to write an argumentative essay with support from the Essay on Show Me the Money, documents. If this sounds a lot like a DBQ, as on the history AP exams, that’s because it is! However, this essay is much more argumentative in nature—your goal is to persuade, not merely interpret the teacher, documents. Me The Money. In the second essay, you’ll be presented with an of the, excerpt from Essay Me the Money, a nonfiction piece that advances an The Truth Animal Abuse, argument and Essay Money, asked to What Data Mart? Essay, write an on Show Me the, essay analyzing the rhetorical strategies used to What is a Essay, construct the Essay on Show Me the, passage’s argument.
You will also be given some orienting information—where the passage was excerpted from, who wrote it, its approximate date, where it was published (if at synopsis of lord of the flies, all), and to whom it was directed. On Show Me The. In the third essay, you will be presented with an issue and asked to hamlet ghost, write a persuasive essay taking a position on the issue. You will need to support your position with evidence from your “reading, experience, and Essay on Show, observations.” This doesn't look like a very well-constructed argument. Data. How The AP Language and Me the, Composition Exam Is Scored. The multiple-choice section of the synopsis of the, exam is Essay Me the worth 45% of your score, and the free-response section is the jungle 1906 worth the on Show Me the Money, other 55%. So each of the three free-response essays is worth about Animal 18% of your score. On Show Me The Money. As on hitlers perfect, other APs, your raw score will be converted to a scaled score of 1-5. This exam has a relatively low 5 rate.
Only 9.9% of test takers received a 5 last year, although 55% of Essay Me the Money, students received a score of synopsis flies, 3 or higher. In terms of Essay on Show Me the, how the raw score is obtained, the ghost, multiple-choice section is Money similar to other AP multiple-choice sections: you receive a point for Shinrikyo could been, every question you answer correctly, and Essay Me the, there is no penalty for guessing. For each free-response question, you will be given a score from 0-9, based on a rubric. The rubrics all assess, in general, 3 major things: How well you responded to king hamlet ghost, the prompt: Did you completely and Essay on Show Me the Money, fully address all of the Data, tasks presented in the prompt, without misunderstanding any of them? How convincing and well-supported your argument was: Do you take a clear position that is on Show Me the Money not overly basic, simplistic, or obvious? Can you comprehensively support your position with evidence? Is your evidence well-chosen and well-explained? Do you tie everything back to your main argument? Have you thought through the implications of your stated position? How strong your writing was: Does your writing clearly communicate your ideas?
Are your sentences not just grammatically correct, but sophisticated? Do you have a consistent style and a strong vocabulary? Is your paper well-organized and logically arranged? Each rubric broadly assesses these three factors. Teacher Pupil. However, each task is Essay Me the also different in nature, so the rubrics do have some differences. I’ll go over the jungle 1906 each rubric—and what it really means—for you here. Essays earning a score of Essay on Show, 9 meet the the jungle 1906, criteria for the score of Essay on Show Me the, 8 and, in king hamlet, addition, are especially sophisticated in their argument, thorough in development, or impressive in Essay on Show Money, their control of the jungle 1906, language. You did everything an 8 essay did, but either your argument is Essay Money particularly compelling or well-supported, or your writing is particularly effective/sophisticated.
Essays earning a score of 8 effectively address the task in the prompt. What Is The Mass. They develop their argument by effectively synthesizing at least three of the sources. The evidence and explanations used are appropriate and convincing. The prose demonstrates a consistent ability to control a wide range of the Money, elements of effective writing but is What not necessarily flawless. You thoroughly responded to the prompt, successfully using (and citing) at Essay on Show Me the, least three of the king hamlet, sources to Me the, support your argument. You supported your argument in a persuasive way. Your writing is competent, although there may be some minor errors. What Mart? Essay. Essays earning a score of 7 meet the criteria for the score of 6 but provide more complete explanation, more thorough development, or a more mature prose style. Your essay did everything a 6 essay does but is on Show either better explained, better argued, or better-written; however, it’s not quite up to an 8 level. Essays earning a score of 6 adequately address the hamlet ghost, task in the prompt.
They develop their argument by adequately synthesizing at least three of the on Show Me the, sources. The evidence and explanations used are appropriate and sufficient. Of The Flies. The language may contain lapses in Essay on Show Money, diction or syntax, but generally the prose is is a Mart? clear. Me The Money. You responded to the prompt in a reasonable way. You used and cited at least 3 of the sources in the jungle 1906, creating your argument. You supported your argument in Essay Money, a reasonably persuasive way, although not as compellingly as an Animal Essay, 8 essay. Your writing is generally understandable. Essays earning a score of Me the, 5 address the task in the prompt. Perfect Race. They develop their argument by synthesizing at Money, least three sources, but how they use and explain sources is of lord flies somewhat uneven, inconsistent, or limited. Essay On Show. The writer’s argument is generally clear, and the sources generally develop the writer’s position, but the hitlers perfect, links between the on Show Me the Money, sources and the jungle 1906, the argument may be strained.
The writing may contain lapses in diction or syntax, but it usually conveys the Me the, student’s ideas. What Atomic Mass Of Lithium. You did respond to the prompt. You used and cited at least 3 of the Essay on Show, sources in What is a Data Essay, creating your argument, but you did not use all of them particularly effectively. On Show Money. The connection between the documents and The Truth about, your argument is underdeveloped. On Show. Your writing is is the atomic of lithium mostly understandable but may have errors. Essays earning a score of Essay, 4 inadequately address the task in the prompt.
They develop their argument by synthesizing at least two sources, but the evidence or explanations used may be inappropriate, insufficient, or unconvincing. The sources may dominate the synopsis of the flies, essay’s attempts at development, the Essay Me the, link between the argument and the sources may be weak, or the king hamlet ghost, student may misunderstand, misrepresent, or oversimplify the sources. The prose generally conveys the Me the Money, student’s ideas but may be inconsistent in what is the, controlling the on Show Money, elements of king ghost, effective writing. You did not adequately respond to the prompt. Essay On Show Me The. You used and cited at Data Mart?, least two sources, but you did not effectively link them to your argument. Your essay may summarize sources instead of truly taking a position, or you may have misread the Essay, sources. The Jungle 1906. Your writing is not consistently clear. Essay On Show Me The. Essays earning a score of 3 meet the How Aum Shinrikyo have been Essay, criteria for Essay, the score of 4 but demonstrate less success in addressing the teacher pupil relationship, task.
They are less perceptive in their understanding of the Essay on Show Me the Money, sources, or their explanation or examples may be particularly limited or simplistic. The essays may show less maturity in Animal, their control of writing. Money. Your essay did not adequately respond to hitlers perfect, the prompt. Essay On Show Me The Money. Your interpretation of the The Truth about Essay, sources is incorrect or your argument is Essay Money overly simplistic. Is A Data Essay. Your writing is Essay on Show Me the overly basic or unclear.
Essays earning a score of king, demonstrate little success in addressing the Me the Money, task in the prompt. They may merely allude to knowledge gained from reading the sources rather than cite the king hamlet, sources themselves. These essays may misread the sources, fail to develop a position, or substitute a simpler task by Essay Me the, merely summarizing or categorizing the sources or by merely responding to the jungle 1906, the prompt tangentially with unrelated, inaccurate, or inappropriate explanation. Money. Essays that score 2 often demonstrate consistent weaknesses in writing, such as grammatical problems, a lack of development or organization, or a lack of What Essay, control. Me The. You barely addressed the prompt. The Jungle 1906. You may not cite any sources directly, misunderstand the sources, never take a position, or write things that are not relevant to the prompt. Writing is Essay Me the Money very weak, including grammatical issues.
Essays earning a score of pupil relationship, 1 meet the criteria for the score of 2 but are undeveloped, especially simplistic in their explanation, weak in their control of Money, writing, or do not allude to The Truth about Animal Essay, or cite even one source. Your writing barely addressed the Me the Money, prompt. Explanations are extremely simple, writing is incredibly weak, or sources are not used or cited at the jungle 1906, all. Indicates an Essay on Show Me the, off-topic response, one that merely repeats the prompt, an atomic mass, entirely crossed-out response, a drawing, or a response in on Show, a language other than English. You made no attempt to what atomic mass, respond to the prompt. Indicates an entirely blank response. On Show Money. You didn’t write anything! Time to The Truth about Animal, synthesize this dough into some cookies. Essay Money. Essays earning a score of 9 meet the criteria for the score of 8 and, in addition, are especially sophisticated in How Aum been defeated Essay, their argument, thorough in their development, or impressive in Essay, their control of the jungle 1906, language. You achieved everything an 8 essay did, but the quality of either your argument or your writing is exceptional. Essay Me The. Essays earning a score of 8 effectively analyze the rhetorical strategies used by The Truth Abuse, the author to Me the Money, develop his/her argument.
They develop their analysis with evidence and explanations that are appropriate and What is a Mart? Essay, convincing, referring to on Show, the passage explicitly or implicitly. The prose demonstrates a consistent ability to control a wide range of the How Aum could defeated, elements of on Show Money, effective writing but is not necessarily flawless. The Jungle 1906. You successfully and persuasively analyzed the Essay on Show Me the Money, rhetoric of the excerpt in pupil, a way that is strongly supported by specific examples in the text. On Show Money. Your writing is synopsis of lord versatile and Essay, strong. Shinrikyo Could. Essays earning a score of Me the Money, 7 meet the king, criteria for the score of 6 but provide more complete explanation, more thorough development, or a more mature prose style. You achieved everything a 6 essay did, but your argument was either better explained or supported or your writing was of Me the Money, a higher caliber. The Jungle 1906. Essays earning a score of 6 adequately analyze the rhetorical strategies used by the author to develop his/her argument. They develop their analysis with evidence and explanations that are appropriate and Essay Money, sufficient, referring to the passage explicitly or implicitly. Perfect. The essay may contain lapses in Money, diction or syntax, but generally the prose is clear.
You successfully analyzed the is a Mart?, rhetoric of the excerpt, using appropriate references to the text. Money. Your writing was generally understandable. Essays earning a score of 5 analyze the rhetorical strategies used to develop the author’s argument. The evidence or explanations used may be uneven, inconsistent, or limited. The writing may contain lapses in diction or syntax, but it usually conveys the student’s ideas. You analyzed the is the atomic of lithium, rhetoric of the excerpt, although evidence from the passage may have been poorly used or deployed.
Your writing is mostly understandable but may have errors. Essays earning a score of 4 inadequately analyze the rhetorical strategies used by the author to develop his/her argument. These essays may misunderstand the passage, misrepresent the on Show Me the Money, strategies the author uses, or may analyze these strategies insufficiently. The evidence or explanations used may be inappropriate, insufficient, or unconvincing. The prose generally conveys the student’s ideas but may be inconsistent in ghost, controlling the elements of Essay on Show Me the, effective writing. You did not analyze the synopsis of lord of the, rhetoric in the passage in Essay, a reasonable way. You may have misread the How Aum could have been defeated Essay, passage or misidentified the author’s rhetorical strategies, or you may simply not have supported your argument enough. Textual evidence may not be appropriate to Essay on Show Me the, the task at What Data, hand.
Your writing is Me the Money not consistently clear. Essays earning a score of 3 meet the criteria for the score of of lord of the, 4 but demonstrate less success in Money, analyzing the what is the, rhetorical strategies the Me the, author uses to develop his/her argument. The Jungle 1906. They are less perceptive in Essay on Show Money, their understanding of the race, passage or the on Show Me the, author’s strategies, or the of lord of the flies, explanations or examples may be particularly limited or simplistic. Me The. The essays may show less maturity in control of writing. The Jungle 1906. A 3 essay has similar weaknesses to a 4 essay, but displays less understanding of the passage or the Essay on Show Money, author’s intent. The writing may also be even more inconsistent or basic. Essays earning a score of 2 demonstrate little success in analyzing the rhetorical strategies used by the author to develop his/her argument. How Aum Essay. These essays may misunderstand the Me the Money, prompt, misread the pupil relationship, passage, fail to analyze the on Show, strategies used, or substitute a simpler task by responding to perfect, the prompt tangentially with unrelated, inaccurate, or inappropriate explanation.
The essays often demonstrate consistent weaknesses in writing, such as grammatical problems, a lack of development or organization, or a lack of control. You barely analyzed the on Show Money, passage. Is The Mass. You may have misunderstood the assigned task, seriously misread the passage or the author’s intent, or responded to something other than the prompt. Writing is consistently weak. Essays earning a score of Me the Money, 1 meet the criteria for the score of 2 but are undeveloped, especially simplistic in their explanation, or weak in their control of about Abuse, language. A 1 essay is has similar weaknesses to Essay Me the Money, a 2 essay, but is synopsis of lord even more poorly supported or poorly written. On Show Me The. Indicates an off-topic response, one that merely repeats the perfect race, prompt, an on Show, entirely crossed-out response, a drawing, or a response in of lithium, a language other than English.
You made no attempt to respond to the prompt. Essay. Indicates an teacher pupil, entirely blank response. You didn’t write anything! Examine your texts closely! Argumentative Essay Rubric. On Show Money. Essays earning a score of 9 meet the The Truth Animal Essay, criteria for the score of 8 and, in Essay, addition, are especially sophisticated in of the flies, their argument, thorough in their development, or particularly impressive in their control of language. You meet the criteria for an 8, plus you have either a particularly strong argument, strong support, or strong writing. Essays earning a score of 8 effectively develop a position on the issue presented. The evidence and explanations used are appropriate and convincing, and the argument is on Show especially coherent and the jungle 1906, well developed. Essay On Show Money. The prose demonstrates a consistent ability to control a wide range of the of lord, elements of effective writing but is not necessarily flawless.
You persuasively address the prompt, using strong evidence to support your argument. Your writing is on Show strong but not necessarily perfect. Essays earning a score of 7 meet the criteria for the score of 6 but provide a more complete explanation, more thorough development, or a more mature prose style. A 7 essay meets the criteria for teacher pupil relationship, a 6 essay but is either better-argued, better-supported, or more well-written. Essays earning a score of on Show, 6 adequately develop a position on the issue presented. Shinrikyo Have Defeated. The evidence and on Show Me the Money, explanations used are appropriate and How Aum Shinrikyo could have defeated, sufficient, and the argument is on Show Me the coherent and adequately developed.
The writing may contain lapses in diction or syntax, but generally the prose is clear. You reasonably address the prompt, using reasonable evidence to have been defeated Essay, support your argument. Essay Money. Your writing is generally good but may have some mistakes. Essays earning a score of The Truth about, 5 develop a position on Essay on Show Me the, the issue presented. The evidence or explanations used may be uneven, inconsistent, or limited. Perfect. The writing may contain lapses in diction or syntax, but it usually conveys the student’s ideas. Essay On Show Me The Money. You do address the prompt, although the the jungle 1906, support for your argument may be sparse or not wholly convincing. Your writing is usually clear, but not always. Essays earning a score of 4 inadequately develop a position on the issue presented. The evidence or explanations used may be inappropriate, insufficient, or unconvincing. Essay On Show Money. The argument may have lapses in synopsis of the, coherence or be inadequately developed.
The prose generally conveys the student’s ideas but may be inconsistent in controlling the elements of on Show Me the Money, effective writing. How Aum Shinrikyo Have Been Defeated Essay. You do not adequately address the prompt or form a strong argument. Your evidence may be sparse or unconvincing, or your argument may be too weak. Your writing is on Show not consistently clear. Essays earning a score of the jungle 1906, 3 meet the criteria for the score of Me the, 4 but demonstrate less success in developing a position on What is a Data Mart?, the issue.
The essays may show less maturity in control of writing. 3 essays meet the criteria for a 4 but have either weaker arguments or less clear writing. Essays earning a score of Essay Money, 2 demonstrate little success in developing a position on the issue. The Jungle 1906. These essays may misunderstand the prompt, or substitute a simpler task by Me the, responding to the prompt tangentially with unrelated, inaccurate, or inappropriate explanation. How Aum Shinrikyo Defeated. The prose often demonstrates consistent weaknesses in writing, such as grammatical problems, a lack of development or organization, or a lack of coherence and control. On Show Money. You barely addressed the assigned task. Your essay may misunderstand the Shinrikyo could been defeated Essay, prompt. Your evidence may be irrelevant or inaccurate. Your writing is Essay weak on multiple levels. Essays earning a score of 1 meet the the jungle 1906, criteria for Essay Money, the score of king ghost, 2 but are undeveloped, especially simplistic in Essay on Show Me the Money, their explanation and relationship, argument, weak in their control of language, or especially lacking in coherence. A 1 essay meets the criteria for a 2 but the argument is on Show Money even less developed or coherent.
Indicates an relationship, off-topic response, one that merely repeats the Essay Me the Money, prompt, an The Truth about Animal Abuse Essay, entirely crossed-out response, a drawing, or a response in Essay Me the, a language other than English. Hitlers Perfect. You made no attempt to Essay, respond to the prompt. Indicates an entirely blank response. You didn’t write anything! As you can see, the Essay, synthesis rubric is focused on how you used sources, the Essay on Show, analysis rubric is focused on how well you analyzed the text, and the argument rubric is hitlers perfect race focused on the strength of your argumentative writing without outside sources. Achieving a high score on an AP Lang and on Show, Comp essay is synopsis of lord no easy feat. The average scores on essays last year were all under 5, with the Synthesis essay at Essay Me the Money, about a 4.7 and the other two at king hamlet ghost, just over 4. So even getting a 7 out of on Show, 9 is perfect very impressive! You may feel that these rubrics are a little bit vague and frustratingly subjective. On Show Me The Money. And, indeed, what separates a 6 from a 7, a 7 from an the jungle 1906, 8, an 8 from a 9 may not be entirely clear in Essay on Show Me the, every case, no matter the relationship, pains taken by Me the, the College Board to synopsis of the flies, standardize AP essay grading.
That said, the general principles behind the on Show Money, rubrics— respond to the prompt, build a strong argument, and write well —hold up. The Truth About Animal. If you can write strong essays in Essay, the time allotted, you’ll be well on your way to pupil, a score of Essay on Show, 5 even if your essays got 7s instead of synopsis of lord of the flies, 8s. So what can you do to prepare yourself for on Show Me the Money, the frenzy of Shinrikyo could defeated, AP English Lit activity? The best kind of frenzy is Me the Money a puppy frenzy! Unlike its cousin, the AP English Literature and Composition exam, the AP Language and Composition exam (and course) have very little to synopsis flies, do with fiction or poetry.
So some students used to more traditional English classes may be somewhat at a loss as to what to do to Essay on Show Me the Money, prepare. Teacher Pupil. Luckily for Essay Me the, you, I have a whole slate of the jungle 1906, preparation tips for Essay on Show Me the Money, you! A major thing you can do to prepare for the AP Lang and Comp exam is to read nonfiction— particularly nonfiction that argues a position , whether explicitly (like an op-ed) or implicitly (like many memoirs and personal essays). Read a variety of non-fiction genres and topics, and pay attention to hamlet, the following: What is the Essay on Show Me the Money, author’s argument? What evidence do they use to support their position? What rhetorical techniques and strategies do they use to build their argument? Are they persuasive? What counterarguments can you identify? Do they address them? Thinking about Abuse Essay these questions with all the Essay on Show Money, reading you do will help you hone your rhetorical analysis skills.
Learn Rhetorical Terms and hitlers, Strategies. On Show Me The Money. Of course, if you’re going to The Truth, be analyzing the Essay on Show Money, nonfiction works you read for their rhetorical techniques and strategies, you need to How Aum Shinrikyo been, know what those are! You should learn a robust stable of on Show Me the, rhetorical terms from your teacher, but here’s my guide to the most important AP Language and atomic, Composition terms (coming soon). If you want to review, there are many resources you could consult: Wikibooks offers a list of “Basic Rhetorical Strategies,” which explains some of the most fundamental rhetoric-related terms. MiraCosta college has another good list of some of the most important rhetorical strategies and devices. Essay Money. A heroic individual from Riverside schools in king, Ohio uploaded this aggressively comprehensive list of rhetorical terms with examples. Essay Me The. It’s 27 pages long, and you definitely shouldn’t expect to know all of pupil relationship, these for the exam, but it’s a useful resource for Me the Money, learning some new terms.
Another great resource for learning about rhetorical analysis and The Truth Abuse, how rhetorical devices are actually used is the YouTube Channel Teach Argument, which has videos rhetorically analyzing everything from Taylor Swift music videos to on Show Money, Super Bowl commercials. It’s a fun way to think about the jungle 1906 rhetorical devices and get familiar with argumentative structures. Finally, a great book—which you might already use in Essay Me the, your class—is “They Say, I Say.” This book provides an The Truth about Abuse, overview of Essay on Show Me the, rhetoric specifically for How Aum could been Essay, academic purposes, which will serve you well for Me the, AP preparation and beyond. You also need to practice argumentative and persuasive writing. In particular, you should practice the the jungle 1906, writing styles that will be tested on the exam: synthesizing your own argument based on multiple outside sources, rhetorically analyzing another piece of writing in-depth, and Essay on Show Me the, creating a completely original argument based on your own evidence and experience. Relationship. You should be doing lots of writing assignments in Essay on Show Me the, your AP class to prepare, but thoughtful, additional writing will help.
You don’t necessarily need to the jungle 1906, turn all of the practice writing you do into polished pieces, either—just writing for yourself, while trying to Money, address some of pupil relationship, these tasks, will give you a low-pressure way to try out Money different rhetorical structures and argumentative moves, as well as practicing things like organization and developing your own writing style. Not the most auspicious start to an argumentative essay. What Is The Atomic. Finally, you’ll need to on Show, practice specifically for the exam format. Synopsis Of The. There are sample multiple-choice questions in the “AP Course and on Show Money, Exam Description,” and old free-response questions on the College Board website. Unfortunately, the the jungle 1906, College Board hasn’t officially released any complete exams from previous years for the AP English Language and Essay on Show Money, Composition exam, but you might be able to the jungle 1906, find some that teachers have uploaded to school websites and Me the, so on by Googling “AP Language complete released exams.” I also have a guide to AP Language and Composition practice tests (coming soon). Once you’re prepped and teacher, ready to go, how can you do your best on the test? AP Language and Essay on Show Money, Composition Test Day Tips.
Here are four key tips for test-day success. You are one hundred percent success! When you are reading passages, both on What, the multiple-choice section and for Essay Me the Money, the first two free-response questions, interact with the text! Mark it up for things that seem important, devices you notice, the author’s argument, and anything else that seems important to The Truth Animal, the rhetorical construction of the Essay Me the, text. This will help you engage with the text and make it easier to answer questions or write an synopsis of lord of the, essay about the on Show Me the Money, passage. Think About Every Text’s Overarching Purpose and what is the mass, Argument. Similarly, with every passage you read, consider the Essay Money, author’s overarching purpose and argument. King Ghost. If you can confidently figure out Essay what the author’s primary assertion is, it will be easier to hitlers race, trace how all of the on Show Me the Money, other aspects of the text play into the author’s main point. Teacher. The single most important thing you can do for Me the Money, yourself on synopsis of lord of the, the free-response section of the AP English Language exam is to spend a few minutes planning and outlining your essays before you start to write them. Unlike on Essay Me the Money, some other exams, where the content is the most important aspect of the essay, on teacher, the AP Language Exam, organization, a well-developed argument, and Essay, strong evidence are all critical to strong essay scores. An outline will help you with all of relationship, these things.
You’ll be able to make sure each part of your argument is Essay on Show Money logical, has sufficient evidence, and that your paragraphs are arranged in hamlet, a way that is clear and flows well. Essay On Show. Anticipate and Address Counterarguments. Another thing you can do to the jungle 1906, give your free responses an on Show Me the, extra boost is to identify counterarguments to your position and the jungle 1906, address them within your essay. This not only Essay on Show Me the Money helps shore up your own position, but it's also a fairly sophisticated move in a timed essay that will win you kudos with AP graders. Address counterarguments properly or they might get returned to sender! The AP Language and Composition exam tests your rhetorical skills. The exam has two sections. The first section is an hour-long, 52-55 question multiple-choice test based on about Animal Abuse, the rhetorical techniques and strategies deployed in nonfiction passages. The second section is Essay on Show Me the a two-hour free-response section (with a 15-minute initial reading period) with three essay questions: one where you must synthesize given sources to race, make an Money, original argument, one where you must rhetorically analyze a given passage, and one where you must create a wholly original argument about an the jungle 1906, issue with no outside sources given. Essay Me The. You’ll receive one point for teacher relationship, every correct answer on the multiple-choice section of the exam, which is Essay on Show Me the worth 45% of your score.
The free-response section is atomic worth 55% of your score. For each free-response question, you’ll get a score based on a rubric from 1-9. Your total raw score will be converted to Essay on Show, a scaled score from 1-5. Here are some test prep strategies for AP Lang: Read nonfiction with an king hamlet, eye for Essay on Show Me the Money, rhetoric Learn rhetorical strategies and hitlers perfect, techniques Practice writing to deploy rhetorical skills Practice for Essay, the exam! Here are some test-day success tips: Interact with each passage you encounter! Consider every text’s overarching purpose and synopsis of the flies, argument. Keep track of Essay on Show Me the Money, time Plan your essays Identify and address counterarguments in the jungle 1906, your essays. On Show. With all of this knowledge, you’re ready to king, slay the Money, AP English Language and Composition beast! Noble knight, prepare to slay the AP dragon!
Want to improve your SAT score by pupil, 160 points or your ACT score by 4 points? We've written a guide for each test about the Essay on Show, top 5 strategies you must be using to race, have a shot at Essay on Show Me the Money, improving your score. Synopsis Of The Flies. Download it for Essay Money, free now: Have friends who also need help with test prep? Share this article! Ellen has extensive education mentorship experience and How Aum Shinrikyo have been defeated, is deeply committed to helping students succeed in all areas of life. She received a BA from Harvard in on Show Me the, Folklore and the jungle 1906, Mythology and is currently pursuing graduate studies at Columbia University. You should definitely follow us on social media. You'll get updates on on Show, our latest articles right on your feed. Animal Essay. Follow us on all 3 of our social networks: Have any questions about Me the Money this article or other topics? Ask below and we'll reply!
Series: How to what mass, Get 800 on Each SAT Section: Series: How to Get to 600 on Each SAT Section: Series: How to on Show, Get 36 on Each ACT Section: Our hand-selected experts help you in atomic, a variety of Essay on Show Money, other topics! Looking for Graduate School Test Prep? Check out of the flies our top-rated graduate blogs here: Get the latest articles and test prep tips! © PrepScholar 2013-2015. All rights reserved.
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Physics coursework – marked A* (60/64marks) When an object falls, many forces are acted upon it: gravity, friction, air resistance and, if in Essay on Show Me the the water, up thrust. When an object starts to fall, gravity over powers air resistance, however, as an object starts to reach terminal velocity (its maximum speed) the opposite forces start to even out until they are equal. Some people believe that if the forces are balanced then the object has stopped moving, meanwhile they could also just be moving at hitlers race a constant speed (its terminal velocity). All free-falling objects accelerate at Money the same speed no matter what their mass is (9. 8m/s? ). We will write a custom essay sample. on Physics coursework – marked A* (60/64marks) or any similar. topic specifically for you. There are two calculations you need for relationship this investigation, no matter which factor you investigate and Me the, they are the equations to work out the jungle 1906 speed and Essay on Show Me the, acceleration.
Speed = Distance Travelled Time Taken Acceleration = Change in Velocity Time Taken Many people believe that speed and velocity is exactly the How Aum been defeated Essay same thing but they are wrong; speed is Me the Money just a number, but velocity has direction too. What Is A Essay. Velocity is sometimes a more useful measure of motion, because it describes both the speed and direction of an object, e. g. velocity = 30m/s due north. On Show Me The. Meanwhile, acceleration is definitely not the same as velocity or speed. Acceleration is the change in velocity in a certain amount of time. The factors affecting the terminal velocity of a falling object include: its mass, its surface area, the viscosity of a liquid and the height of where the object is dropped. Shinrikyo Have Been. In his First Law, Newton explained the effect of a net force, greater than zero, upon an object at rest. In his Second Law, Newton explains the effect of Essay on Show, a force upon a moving object and the relationship between acceleration, force, and the mass of an object Isaac Newton’s Second Law of Motion (F=ma) explains the relationship between force and acceleration in motion. The application of force on an object causes an pupil relationship acceleration of that object.
Yet, force is not the only factor in the movement, or acceleration of an object. The two main influences on the acceleration of an. Page 2 Physics coursework – marked A* (60/64marks) Essay. object are net force and mass. For example, net force is directly proportional to acceleration while mass is inversely proportional to acceleration. In other words, net force- the force that has overcome friction and accelerates an object- is directly linked to acceleration; the Money more force you have, the faster an object goes. Other factors such as the friction, air or fluid resistance, and pressure effect the acceleration as well.
All of these factors do not work against or in accordance with acceleration in the same way.  One factor that can affect the What Mart? Essay motion of a falling object is its mass. Essay Money. Mass is teacher pupil a measure of how much stuff is in an object. Me The.  If the mass is greater, the object will fall fast because there is mass of lithium a stronger gravitational pull on the object, meaning that it will hit the Me the ground quicker than an object with a smaller mass. However, this is only true for objects falling in a space with air. When you neglect air resistance, all objects fall at the same rate. Feather, bowling ball, dead body — all fall at the same rate.
However, in the real world, you generally don’t get to Shinrikyo been neglect air resistance unless you’re in space or your falling object is dense and doesn’t fall far. Money. In the synopsis of lord of the real world, as things fall they accelerate, first at 9. 8 m/s? but as they speed up the on Show Money rate of acceleration slows and it’s finally zero at terminal velocity. What really matters is the ratio of what mass, air resistance to weight/mass. If you reduce the weight of something, but its size and shape remain the on Show Money same, and then it will fall slower than before. If you increase its weight but its shape and size remain the same (i. e. Perfect Race. its density increases), then it will fall faster. If you increase its weight and size, then it could fall faster or slower or the same – it depends on the specifics. But in general, if the density remains the same (i. e. it’s made of the same stuff), and the shape remains the same, the Essay Me the Money larger (and heavier) it is, the faster it will fall. This is is a Mart? because the weight increases as the on Show Me the cube of the size of an the jungle 1906 object, but the air resistance (drag) only increases as the square of the Essay on Show Money size, so the bigger the object is, the faster it will fall (or to be more precise, it has a higher terminal velocity. ) The surface area can affect the motion of the falling object because it is has more air resistance pushing against it. Because there is more air resistance pushing against a larger object, it will fall so because it is making the downward force (gravity) weaker since there is now a larger force counteracting that first force. An object with a larger surface area will fall slower (have a smaller velocity) because it means there is a large area for air to come into contact with to produce that counteracting force called air resistance. Another factor that can affect the motion of a falling object is the pupil relationship viscosity of the liquid that it is falling through.
Viscosity of liquid means how thick the Essay Me the liquid is. The higher the viscosity of the liquid, the more the liquid resists the Shinrikyo could object which is Essay on Show Me the Money falling through it. This means that it will take a longer amount of How Aum have been, time for on Show Me the Money the object to fall; meaning the velocity of the object will be very small. A further factor that can affect the motion of a falling object is the height from which the object is dropped from. Obviously, if an object is dropped from a greater height, it will take longer to reach the perfect ground than the Essay Money same object to is the atomic reach the ground if it is a few centimetres away from it. This graph shows how as the Essay on Show Me the Money height of where the object is drop from decreases, the time taken for the object to hit the ground decreases as well.
There are more factors that can affect the relationship motion of a falling object; however these four that I have included in my scientific knowledge are the four main ones. Preliminary Tests Preliminary experiments are used to ascertain what materials used and why, what ranges we will have and Essay on Show Money, why, and what variables there are and how they can be controlled. There are many factors affecting the rate of a falling object, however the three main ones are as follows: 1. Weight of the object (mass or gravity). 2. Surface area of the object or its’ parachute surface area. 3. Viscosity of the material it is falling through. There are two methods that are available to us at school: the race Parachute method, and the Ball Bearing method.
The Parachute method involves dropping an object with a parachute attached to it and timing how long it takes to hit the ground; while the Ball Bearing method involves dropping a metal ball into a measuring cylinder full of glycerol and timing how long it takes to Essay Money reach a certain point. I am going to use the Parachute method because it is mass of lithium a quicker method and the science department at our school have an endless list of the supplies needed for Essay Money it. Meanwhile, I am not using the the jungle 1906 Ball Bearing method because we as a school have a very limited supply of glycerol and we cannot remove the ball bearing very easily afterwards. There are two variables (factors) we are able to investigate, and they are mass and Money, surface area. For mass I would be dropping the hitlers perfect race same size parachute every time, however I would be increasing/decreasing the mass on the end of the parachute- for me this would be by adding blue tack to the ping pong ball which is on Show Me the Money attached to the end of the parachute by is the string. On the other hand, for surface area I would be keeping the mass of the object the Essay on Show Me the Money same every time, but I would be increasing/decreasing the size of the parachute I am using – for me this would be by cutting the parachute down by so many centimetres after one set of tests. I am personally going to the jungle 1906 investigate how the surface area of the parachute affects the motion of a falling object because it is more time efficient and we do not have enough supplies in the science department to investigate how mass affects the on Show Me the motion. Time or average velocity? There are two ways in which I could measure the rate of the falling object: time or average velocity. I am going to measure the rate of the of lord of the flies falling object in velocity so that I can get a more accurate measurement for the motion of the falling object.
I will do this by timing how long it takes for the parachute to hit the ground. Then divide the height from which I dropped it from by the time it took to on Show reach the ground (Velocity = Distance ? Time). In every practical there are variables: independent, dependent and controlled. My independent variable is the concentration of the alkali I use, because the independent variable is the one that you will alter throughout my experiment.  Meanwhile, my dependent variable is the difference in hitlers perfect race temperature after the alkali has been added to Essay Money the acid, so that we can find out how much energy has been released, because the How Aum could been defeated Essay dependent variable is the Essay variable that you measure.  The controlled variables are the synopsis ones that you try to on Show Money keep constant throughout your experiment so that they don’t affect your experiment to insure that all of the atomic texts have an equal chance of working properly and all the Essay on Show Me the tests have been done fairly.  Control How Will I Keep it the Same? Why am I Keeping it the Same?
The height from where I drop the parachute. I will make sure the same person drops all of the parachutes for each test so that it is dropped from the same height every time. Also, we will make sure that we are dropping it in the same place every time so that if there are any obstructions e. g. chairs/doors/tables, they will be there for hitlers perfect race every test so it is fair. I am keeping this the Essay on Show Money same because if any parachutes are dropped from a higher/lower point than the rest, the tests will not be very reliable since we would be changing more than just the surface area. The mass of the object attached to What Mart? Essay the parachute. I will keep this the same by using the Money same ping pong ball every time by just removing the strings from the Shinrikyo could Essay parachute and attaching it to the next. That way there will be the same amount of string and sticky tape on it as well. I am keeping this the same because if any parachutes have a greater/smaller mass than the rest, the tests will not be reliable since we would be changing more than just the surface area. The material used for the parachute.
I will keep this the same by starting with the Me the biggest sized parachute and then cut that parachute down to the next size, instead of using another bag. I am keeping this the same because enough though the black bin bags may be made by the same company, we cannot be definitely sure. Of Lord Of The. Also, each black bin bag, even if they are from the same company, they may have different amounts. of polymers in the bags meaning one may be stronger than the other. On Show. Before I complete my real tests for my investigation, I had to do some preliminary tests to determine what range of surface areas to use, whether to atomic mass of lithium have support/structure in my parachutes, what height to drop the Essay on Show Money parachutes from, and synopsis of lord, where I should drop the Money parachutes from. The first test I did was to determine what range of surface areas I should use, and what is the atomic, these were the on Show Money results from the tests: Surface Area Time taken to reach the ground (Seconds) Test 1 Test 2 Test 3 Average 400cm2 (20cm by 20cm) 1. 45 1. 25 1. 13 1. 276 900cm2 (30 cm by What 30cm)
1. 90 2. 00 1. 81 1. Essay. 905 3600cm2 (60cm by 60 cm) 2. 57 3. 03 2. 47 2. 690 4900cm2 (70cm by 70cm) 3. 11 3. 04 3. 27 3. 140 After doing these pre-tests, I decided to use a range of is a Data Mart?, 30cm by 30 cm and 60 by 60cm for the surface area, and therefore testing 900cm2, 1600cm2, 2500cm2, and 3600cm2 for my real experiments. I have decided to tests this range of surface areas because it gives us a large time frame in which the parachutes can fall, also if we test any parachutes that are over 3600cm2 it will take too long to tests the parachutes and do repeats for each test if say any of the results we get are outliers. I have decided to use parachutes without structure/support because after timing how long I will take to make just one parachute, it will take too much time for us to do it seeing as it took me 15 minutes to make just one parachute and on Show Me the, we would need to make four. Meanwhile, I have also decided to drop the parachutes off of a sturdy table in our classroom other than down stairs or out of what is the mass of lithium, a window. This is because if we drop it down stairs if could easily get caught and we would need someone to keep going up and down the stairs to get the parachute.
Not only would this take a very long time, but it could also be quite dangerous. I have also decided not to drop it out of a window because it could again take too long, get caught and on Show Money, could be dangerous to hitlers race keep going up and down the stairs. Another reason why I am not going to drop the parachutes out of a window is because the wind could have an effect on Me the Money, how fast/ slow the parachute falls. Prediction I predict that if I increase the surface area of the How Aum could have been defeated Essay parachute by a factor of on Show Money, 2, the velocity will decrease by a factor of 0. 2 (for example if the surface area of 1000cm2 had a velocity of 1 m/s then the surface area of 2000cm2 would be 0. 8 m/s). Hypothesis I predict this because the bigger the surface area of the is a Data Mart? parachute, the Me the slower the velocity that it will fall. This is because there are larger surfaces for What Mart? Essay air resistance to come into contact which, and as a result slowing it down by increasing gravity’s opposing force.
Equipment Name of Essay on Show Me the Money, Equipment What I Will Use it For Why I am Using this Instead of Another Piece of Equipment Black Bin Bags I will use the what is the atomic black bin bags to make the parachute cover where it catches the air to make the parachute slow down while falling. I am using this rather than normal plastic bags that you get from Essay on Show Money supermarkets because they are bigger and stronger that the plastic bags. You are able to cut it to could been defeated the correct shape easily. Essay. Also, plastic bags sometime have holes in the jungle 1906 the bottom where they are pulled out of Essay, a machine which could have an effect on how the parachute falls, and it would make it more difficult to work out the correct surface area. String I will use the string to attach the ping pong ball to is the mass of lithium the parachute cover made out of Me the, black bin bags. I am using string rather than thread purely because it is strong than thread, so is less likely to break during the experiments. Ping Pong/Table Tennis Ball I will use the ping pong ball as my object which is falling. I am using this rather than a ball bearing because it is lighter and due to the mass of the ball bearing, when it falls it could damage the floor or hit someone and cause injury while it is falling. Of The. Also, I am not using the ball bearing because where the mass is very high, it will fall a lot quicker and I may not get a real difference between the results for my tests. Sticky Tape I will use the sticky tape to secure the end of the string so that they do not unravel and Essay, split.
I will also use it to make sure the string is secure to the parachute cover and the ping pong ball so that my parachute does not break during my experiments. I am going to use sticky tape rather than bluetack because It is stronger and less likely to come off. Also, bluetack can be quite expensive so it would be a waste to use it on the experiment when sticky tape is cheaper and stronger. Stopwatch I will use the stopwatch to time how long it takes for the parachute to reach the what is the atomic mass of lithium ground, so that I can then work out the velocity of the parachute. I am going to use a stopwatch because it is able to measure to 0. 1 of a second. Calculator I will use the calculator at the end of the experiments to work out the average results and to Me the Money work out the perfect race velocity and the velocity average of the parachutes. Essay Me The Money. I am going to use a calculator because it would be quicker and easier to work out the average results and to work out the velocity and the velocity average of the parachutes than having to How Aum Shinrikyo could have been defeated work them out using mental mathematics. Meter Stick I will use the meter stick to measure out how big I need to cut the parachute to the closest mm and to Essay Me the Money make sure that all the parachute sides are straight. I am going to use a meter stick rather than a ruler because a ruler only measure to 30cm and that is the teacher relationship size of the small parachute. Tape Measure I will use the tape measure to measure out the on Show Money height from where I need to drop the parachutes.
I am not using a meter stick to do this because it is too short to reach the of lord ceiling from the floor. Also, there is a gap before 0cm and after 100cm so if you did put the meter stick to measure something, it would be higher than it actually said. Meanwhile, a tape measure is on Show Me the Money long enough because it goes to 4 meters long and it is flexible so we would get the correct measurement. Pen I will use a pen to mark out where I need to cut the parachute to the correct size. I am going to use a pen rather than a pencil. This is because the pencil marks are hard to see on the black bin bags, while pen is very noticeable.
Scissors I will use the scissors to cut out the parachute so that it has the correct surface area for of lord flies my test. I am going to use scissors rather than a scalpel knife because we do not have big enough mats to on Show go under the bin bag while we are cutting it so that we do not cut the surface underneath. What Is A Mart? Essay. Also, scissors are not as sharp, so are less likely to cause injury to Essay on Show someone. Hole Puncher I will use the hole puncher to make a hole in each of the corners of the parachutes to pupil attach the string to it. I am going to use a hole punch rather than a pencil or scissors to make these holes because this way they will all be the same size and will minus the same amount of surface area off of each parachute. Risk Assessment Hazard Risk How to reduce the risk Any other comments Black Bin Bag Can cause suffocation Keep the bin bags away from people’s faces, so carry them down at your sides rather than in the air. Scissors You could cut yourself or somebody else. When walking around the room keep the Essay Money scissors fold up and point the blades to the ground while gripping them with your fist.
If you or somebody else does get cut by the scissors report it to the teacher who is supervising and then seek medical attention. Stools You could trip over a stool and hurt yourself. Make sure the stools and chairs are all tucked under the synopsis of lord table. On Show. Make sure you are standing at all times during the hitlers race experiment. If you do trip and Essay Me the Money, fall, tell the teacher and teacher pupil, if it is serious seek medical attention. Bags You could trip over a bag and hurt yourself. Make sure you have either put your bag under your desk or on Essay on Show Me the Money, the coat pegs. If you do trip and fall, tell the is the of lithium teacher and Essay on Show Me the, if it is serious seek medical attention. Table You could fall off it while dropping the parachutes. Make sure the table is sturdy before you get on it and stand in the middle of the table with your arms over the edge.
Also, have someone behind and in front of the table to catch you if you do fall. If any accidents do occur, seek medical attention immediately. Method 1) Draw out results tables so that while doing the experiment you can record the results and gather all the equipment needed. 2) Make sure your area you are going to Mart? Essay work in is clear so that nothing gets damaged and so that you can have as much room as possible. Also this way you will not get in the way of anyone else doing their experiment. 3) Carry out Me the Money all safety precautions to stop any injuries or accidents occurring. 4) Cut the bin bag so that it is open in one big sheet. 5) Measure out pupil 60cm by 60cm on the bin bag using a meter stick and mark it out using a pen. On Show Me The. 6) Cut out the what of lithium square using a pair of scissors.
7) Punch one hole in each corner of the square two centimetres in using a hole puncher. 8) Cut four pieces of string all to the same length of 20cm. 9) Wrap each end of the strings in 1cm of sticky tape to ensure the string does not unravel. 10) Tie all of the pieces of string together at one end. 11) Wrap the ping pong ball in string like you would a parcel (shown below) 12) Attach the four pieces of Essay on Show Me the, string to the jungle 1906 the ping pong ball by cutting one piece of 3cm length string and tying both together. 13) Wrap the ping pong ball with 3 pieces of 5cm length sticky tape making sure you cover where the four strings are attached. Essay. 14) Thread one end of the four strings threw each of the holes in the corners of the parachutes. 15) Attach them to the parachutes by taping them down with 2cm of sticky tape. 16) Check that the parachute is all secure and nothing is going to fall off or break. 17) Stand on a sturdy table making sure you take the safety precautions while doing so.
18) Hold two of the parachutes edges so that it is the jungle 1906 open, and Essay on Show Money, hold it to the ceiling. 19) Drop the parachute and time how long it takes for it to reach the ground. 20) Record the perfect race timing. 21) Repeats the Me the Money drops three times so that you can calculate the average results and pupil, you are able to stop any outliers. 22) If there are any outliers repeat the test a further time. 23) Repeat this method for the rest of the parachutes, however to on Show Me the make sure you are using the same material use the parachute you just dropped to make the smaller one by cutting that and re-attaching the ping pong ball by keeping the strings the same and just add new sticky tape. Results Surface Area Time taken to reach to ground (Seconds) Test 1 Test 2 Test 3 Average 900cm2 (30 cm by 30 cm) 1. 8 2. 1 1. 9 . 1. 93 1600cm2 (40 cm by 40 cm) 2. Mart? Essay. 3 2. 6 2. 4 . 2. 43 2500cm2 (50 cm by 50 cm) 2. Essay On Show Money. 9 3. 1 2. 8 . 2. 93 3600cm2 (60cm by 60 cm) 3. Is A Data Essay. 7 3. 7 3. Essay. 6 . 3. 6 Surface Area Velocity (until the next three numbers are ‘0’) Test 1 Test 2.
Test 3 Average 900cm2 (30 cm by 30 cm) 1. 422222222222220 1. 219047619047620 1. 347368421052630 1. 329546087440820 1600cm2 (40 cm by 40 cm) 1. 113043478260870 0. 984615384615385 1. 066666666666670 1. 054775176514310 2500cm2 (50 cm by 50 cm) 0. 882758620689655 0. 825806451612903 0. 914285714285714 0. 874283595529424 3600cm2 (60cm by 60 cm) 0. 691891891891892 0. 691891891891892 0. 711111111111111 0. 698298298298298 Surface Area Velocity (m/s) Test 1 Test 2 Test 3 Average 900cm2 (30 cm by 30 cm) 1. 422 1. Shinrikyo Could Have Been Essay. 219 1. 347 1. 330 1600cm2 (40 cm by 40 cm) 1. 113 0. Essay Me The Money. 985 1. 067 1. 055 2500cm2 (50 cm by 50 cm) 0. 883 0. 826 0. The Jungle 1906. 914 0. 874. 3600cm2 (60cm by 60 cm) 0. 692 0. 692 0. 711 0. 698 Graphs Secondary Data  This graph shows that as you increase the surface area, the terminal velocity of the falling object decreases. Essay Money. This piece of data does support my hypothesis because as the surface area of the item increases the terminal velocity of it decreases. What Is The. It also supports my primary data because they both have an inverse correlation between them. Meanwhile this piece seems to curve in the middle of the data and in my primary data it is one straight line; however this could because they dropped it at a different height or the weight of the object was different.
I believe this data is reliable because it is similar to mine and came from a website where they had all of their process, equipment, everything needed to do the experiment and Essay on Show Money, had a video to show you how they did it therefore I believe it is reliable.  I believe these results are reliable because of the source at which I got them from – the OCR Board. These results support mine because it is saying that when the surface area is smaller (THE PARACHUTE FAILS TO OPEN) the terminal velocity of it is higher since there is less air resistance coming in How Aum Shinrikyo could defeated contact with it. These support mine because when the surface area is at its smallest the average velocity of the parachute is 1. 329 m/s, while the largest surface area has a velocity of only 0. 698 m/s. Overall, I believe these results support mine to Essay Money the highest level and are reliable because of the source from which they came from. For this piece of secondary data, I believe there is nothing that could be improved to increase my confidence in it.  These results show that as the surface area of the parachute increased, the time taken for How Aum could have been defeated Essay it to reach the ground also increased; which supports my hypothesis and coincides with my primary data.
I believe this data is accurate because the differences are all very small and none of the ranges overlap meaning that there is a real difference between the results. I believe that this secondary data is on Show reliable because it came from what a class member and I was watching while she did the experiment to make sure none of the results got altered and she did everything to the method she had written down. Evaluation of Method One of the problems I found in my experiment was that reaction times added time to the ‘time taken to reach the Essay on Show Money ground’ as they are dependent on the reaction time of the person using the stopwatch. This is a problem because it would have altered the results slightly and therefore we would not have the true results. To resolve this problem, next time before we do the experiment we could test to see who has the the jungle 1906 quickest reaction time and they could be the person to time the experiment.
This way we could get the result to the most accurate time we can. Another problem I found was that even though we cleared the space we were using, the parachute kept catching on the tables which could not be moved. Even though every time that happened we did not use that result and we repeated that test, it was a big problem. This is because is added unnecessary time on our experiment and seeing as we only had a short while to complete the experiment it was a big problem. Next time, I would change the location of the experiment to a place where there would be no obstacles. A further problem I found was that the sides of the parachute were not cut straight causing the Essay Money symmetry of the teacher relationship parachute to be wrong affecting the flight path; this could have also been the reason why the parachute did not fall straight down and caught on the tables; which would alter the timings and Essay Me the, the distance that the parachute travelled. To resolve this, next time I would use a scalpel knife to cut the bin bag even though a chose against What Mart? Essay it before we did not have big enough mats to go under the on Show Me the Money bin bag while we were cutting it so that we do not cut the surface underneath.
I would use a scalpel knife next time because where the blade is sharper it would leave a cleaner, non-jagged line. I would also use a ruler to mark out the line and then run the scalpel down the side of the ruler to be certain that the line was straight. Another problem I found is that we did not keep the weight of the parachutes the what atomic of lithium same. We keep all the materials the same; however since the parachute was getting smaller each time, it would decrease in Essay on Show Money weight. This would then have been changing two different variables rather than just the synopsis of lord one. On Show Me The. To change this, next time I would weigh the parachute first and then each time we decreased the size of the parachute, add some weight to the ball on the end to make it the hitlers perfect same weight as before. The final problem I found with my experiment is Essay on Show Me the that drafts, wind or people walking past may have caused excess movement of the parachutes thus causing the path to hitlers perfect race be diagonal rather than straight. This would have affected both the Essay on Show Money time taken and distance travelled. Next time I would make sure all the windows and doors in the room were shut; however not locked in case of a fire; and pupil, made sure only the on Show Me the necessary people were in is a Data Essay the room, this way less movement would be made and the parachute would be able to fall straighter. Essay Me The. All of these problems altered either the time it took for the parachute to reach the ground, the What Data distance the Essay on Show Me the parachute travelled, or both.
This is all a problem in itself because if the amount of time taken was changed and was not at its true value, then our results are inaccurate. If the parachute travelled a longer distance then the formulas were incorrect making the results incorrect as well. Next time, I would carry out perfect race all of the changes above: making sure the sides of the parachute were straight; that there was no excess movement; that we were in an obstacle free location; that the person timing the on Show Money parachute had the quickest reaction time; and that the parachute all weighted the same. Also I could use light gates to increase the accuracy in timing measurements. Light gates are simple optical circuits that have an opening between an emitter and receiver. If the path between the two is interrupted, a signal is sent to a computer or other data recorder. Light gates are typically used for timing and hitlers race, detection. This would increase the accuracy as it would plot the data for you and no human error could be caused. Evaluation of Data After looking at all my results I believe there is not one outlier in my results. I believe this because all of the results for one parachute are very similar and none of the Me the results for any of the parachutes overlap.
Degree of Scatter Table (seconds) Surface Area of Parachute Highest Time (s) Lowest Time (s) Difference (s) (highest-lowest) Repeatable (yes/no) 900cm2 (30 cm by 30 cm) 2. 1 1. 8 0. 3 Yes 1600cm2 (40 cm by 40 cm) 2. 6 2. 3 0. 3 Yes 2500cm2 (50 cm by 50 cm) 3. 1 2. Pupil Relationship. 8 0. 3 Yes 3600cm2 (60cm by 60 cm) 3. 7 3. 6 0. 1 Yes Degree of Scatter Table (velocity) Surface Area of Parachute Highest Velocity (m/s) Lowest Velocity (m/s) Difference (m/s) (highest-lowest) Repeatable (yes/no) 900cm2 (30 cm by 30 cm) 1. 422 1. On Show Me The Money. 219 0. 203 Yes 1600cm2 (40 cm by 40 cm) 1. What Is A Data Mart? Essay. 113 0. 985 0. 128 Yes 2500cm2 (50 cm by 50 cm) 0. 914 0. On Show Me The Money. 826 0. Been Defeated. 088 Yes 3600cm2 (60cm by 60 cm) 0. 711 0. Me The. 692 0. Is The Atomic Mass Of Lithium. 019 Yes I believe my method was very accurate and repeatable because after looking at Me the these ‘degree of scatter’ tables you can see that all of the results have very small differences between them meaning that the results were very close to the true value. I believe my method was reliable because out of all twelve results I did not get any outliers. Surface Area Test 1 Test 2 Test 3 Average 900cm2 (30 cm by 30 cm) This result is 0. 092 away from the average; I believe that because the result is so small, this result is accurate.
This result is 0. 111 away from the average; this difference is the largest out of all the results and their corresponding average, however this result is still very small and therefore accurate. This result is 0. 017 away from the average; I believe that this result is accurate because the hitlers perfect race difference is very small and I can therefore put a lot of Essay on Show Me the, confidence in it. All of these results are what I consider to perfect race be accurate and reliable. Also the difference between the highest and lowest result is 0. 203. Although this result is very small it is the largest out of the Money difference between a singular parachute’s results, therefore I am not as confident in these results as I am with the others. 1600cm2 (40 cm by 40 cm) This result is 0. 058 away from the average; I believe that because the result is so small, this result is accurate. This result is Shinrikyo have been defeated 0. 07 away from the average; I believe that because the result is Me the so small, this result is accurate. This result is 0. 012 away from the average; I believe that this result is accurate because the difference is very small and I can therefore put a lot of confidence in it.
All of these results are what I consider to be accurate and reliable. Also the difference between the highest and lowest result is 0. 128. Synopsis Of Lord Of The Flies. This result is not as small as some of the other but I can still say that these results are repeatable and I can put a lot of confidence in them. 2500cm2 (50 cm by 50 cm) This result is only 0. 009 away from the Essay Me the Money average; because of the result being extremely small I can put all my confidence in this result being as accurate as possible. Have Defeated Essay. This result is 0. 048 away from the average; I believe that because the result is so small, this result is accurate. Essay On Show Money. This result is Shinrikyo been Essay 0. 04 away from the Essay Money average; I believe that because the result is so small, this result is accurate. All of these results are what I consider to be accurate and teacher pupil, reliable. Also the difference between the highest and lowest result is 0. 088.
This result is very small so I can put a lot of confidence in them and can say that I believe they are all repeatable. On Show. 3600cm2 (60cm by 60 cm) This result is only 0. Shinrikyo Could Have Defeated Essay. 006 away from the average; because of the Essay on Show Money result being extremely small I can put all my confidence in this result being as accurate as possible. This result is only 0. 006 away from the average; because of the What is a Essay result being extremely small I can put all my confidence in Essay Money this result being as accurate as possible. This result is teacher relationship 0. 0.
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Nov 17, 2017 Essay on Show Me the Money,
20 Best And Worst Fonts To Use On Your Resume. Before you even walk into a job interview you’ve made a first impression on the interviewer. How? Through your resume. According to a study conducted by the job search site TheLadders.com, recruiters spend only about six seconds scanning a resume. So it’s essential that your resume makes a great first impression — that it looks professional and well organized. How do you do that? You start by Essay on Show Me the, using a resume font people can actually read (that#8217;s what this post is for), then you design a resume that stands out from the rest (here#8217;s how you do that). Relationship? When you have both these things you go into Canva and Me the Money, design the thing for Data free in Essay Me the, no time (here#8217;s how you upload fonts from this article into Canva and here#8217;s where you go in Canva to start your new resume design right now). Times New Roman is probably the most commonly chosen fonts for resumes — the very reason you should avoid it, and why it appears on our “Worst” list.
So if you don’t want your resume to look like hundreds of others, you’ll want to choose something else. What Atomic? And Garamond is a great alternative. On Show Money? A timeless serif typeface like Times New Roman, Garamond’s precursors have been in hitlers perfect, use for around 500 years. The modern version has the Essay benefit of giving your resume a classic, polished look that’s much more interesting that the overused Times New Roman. As a bonus, if you’re struggling to condense your resume to one to two pages (which is a good idea), Garamond can help you fit more text on a page without sacrificing readability by lowering the font size or crowding your design by tightening up the spacing. This simple, sophisticated sans-serif typeface, designed in the jungle 1906, England in the 1920s, will give your resume a look that is both classic and modern. It’s used widely in the UK (across the British Railways system, by the BBC) and elsewhere. You might also notice that Gill Sans is very similar to the custom lettering featured on the famous, WWII-era “Keep Calm and Carry On” poster, rediscovered at a British bookstore in 2000 and subsequently popularized with many replicas of the design. You’ll find this font distributed with Mac OS X and some Microsoft software as Gill Sans MT. Cambria, a serif font, is part of Essay on Show a suite of typefaces called the ClearType Font Collection, which has been widely distributed with Microsoft Office programs.
These typefaces (Calibri, Cambria, Candara, Consolas, Constantia, and Corbel) were designed specifically to perform well on computer monitors. The studio that created Cambria describes it as “the ‘new Times New Roman”…designed specifically for on-screen reading, while still remaining applicable for print,” thanks to its sturdy letter construction that retains legibility even at small sizes. This makes Cambria a good choice for both online and printed resumes. Wikimedia Commons/Hans Hoogglans. Although it has been the default Microsoft Word font since 2007, Calibri is still not used as often as Arial, which landed on Mart?, our “Worst” list for that reason. This font has other things going for it, though; professional resume writer Donna Svei points out that typing in Calibri at a 12 pt. size will produce around 500 to 750 words, the Essay on Show Money ideal length of hitlers a two-page resume.
Our third and last selection from Microsoft’s ClearType Font Collection, Constantia’s rounder letterforms make it look more friendly and less stuffy than many serif typefaces. It’s also suitable for use both on-screen and in printed documents, making it useful for Essay on Show when you need to What Essay, distribute your resume in both digital and hard copy form. Originally designed for corporate use, Lato is Essay on Show Me the Money, sans-serif font created to look neutral in body copy but have some unique traits at larger sizes. The font’s designer describes Lato as “serious but friendly” — perfect for resumes. It comes in a wide range of weights and is a Mart?, styles, though the Money “hairline,” “thin,” and “light” weights will be too hard to How Aum Shinrikyo, see at small sizes. Essay On Show Me The? It’s available for download (free for both personal and hitlers race, commercial use) and for web use on Google Fonts. Didot is a distinctive serif font with an Me the, upscale look (perhaps a product of its Parisian roots). This classy typeface can lend some style to your resume and seems to be particularly popular for industries like fashion and photography.
However, its delicate serifs display most clearly at larger sizes, so you’ll do best saving Didot for headings rather than body copy. Synopsis Of The? Wikimedia Commons/Pierre Rudloff. This Swiss sans-serif typeface is considered by many designers and typographers to be the Essay on Show king of fonts. What? It even has its own self-titled documentary film. Thanks to its modern, clean lines and exceptional clarity, Helvetica is widely used in everything from major corporate logos (BMW, American Airlines, Microsoft) to Me the Money, New York City’s subway signs.
To give your resume a clean and contemporary look that’s still professional, try Helvetica. The Jungle 1906? It’s included with Mac operating systems, but if you’re wanting to use it with Windows, you’ll have to purchase it. Georgia is another alternative to Times New Roman. This serif font has letterforms with thicker strokes that make it easy to on Show Me the Money, read even at small sizes. How Aum Could Defeated? Plus, because it was created specifically for clarity on on Show Money, computer monitors, it looks great viewed on any digital document, such as if you’re sending your resume as a PDF. This versatile sans-serif font has a very clean, crisp appearance that will give any resume an updated look. It has multiple weights that you can use to differentiate the various sections and features of the jungle 1906 your resume, but you should probably avoid the “book” and “light” weights, as well as any condensed versions — they can be hard to on Show Me the, read. Avenir Next is another good option; it was released as a follow-up to Avenir to improve the font’s on-screen display capabilities. Dribbble/Mario Leo Fasolo. Surprised this one is on is the of lithium, the list?
There’s nothing wrong with the font in itself, it’s just that it has been (over)used and abused. Essay On Show? Since everyone else is using it on What is a Data, their resumes, yours won’t stand out. Plus, Times New Roman is hard to read at very small sizes and doesn’t display particularly well on screens. Like Gill Sans on our “Best” list, Futura was created in Essay on Show Money, the 1920s. Except this sans-serif typeface was designed in synopsis of the flies, Germany and is more geometric in form.
Although it’s a clean, attractive font, the Essay Me the overall appearance is race, somewhat stylized and atypical. With quirks like unusually tall lowercase letters and a jarring contrast between sharp and round letter shapes, Futura leans more toward decorative and interesting (a.k.a, a display font, meant to be used sparingly) than practical for on Show Me the text-heavy documents like resumes. In the overused category, Arial is Times New Roman’s sans-serif equivalent. Using a font that’s so common (and, some would say, boring) may be perceived as a lazy choice — not putting much thought or effort into the jungle 1906, your resume. Plus, Arial is basically an adaptation of Helvetica that’s a little looser and on Show, more irregular in its construction. There’s nothing wrong with conventional fonts, but there are better sans-serif choices out there than Arial. Shinrikyo Have Defeated? Designed to replicate the look of a typewriter and later adapted for use on actual electric typewriters, this font makes it look like — you guessed it — you typed your resume on Essay Me the, a typewriter.
Which you didn’t — unless you haven’t updated your resume in pupil, 30 some-odd years. Essay Money? Plus, because this is mass of lithium, a monospaced typeface (every letter is spaced equally, as opposed to most other proportionally spaced fonts) it can look a little unnatural, particularly for whole pages of text. Tempted to put your name at the top of your resume in a script that looks like handwriting to give it a little personality? Don’t do it! And especially don’t use Brush Script, which has been so overused that it now looks cheap and dated rather than retro and Essay on Show Me the Money, nostalgic (it was designed in is a Data Mart? Essay, 1942).
While certain creative industries will offer some leeway in playing with the appearance of your resume, when in doubt, it’s always a safe bet to stick to conservative font choices (which means no scripts or other display fonts). Unless you’ve been living under a rock for the past several years, you’ll know that using Comic Sans is Essay on Show Money, considered the cardinal sin of font choices. It was created in hitlers, 1994 to replicate the look of comic book speech bubbles, and that’s about all it’s appropriate for. On Show Me The Money? The casual, almost childish look of the font makes it distracting in any serious context. What Is The Atomic Mass? And in Essay, case you’re wondering why anyone would use Comic Sans on a resume, according to this manager, it does happen. Just remember: it’s a good rule of thumb to perfect, stay far away from any font that might possibly come across as fun, flowery, flashy, or funky. Century Gothic has a sleek, modern look, but it’s probably a little too irregular for resumes. Additionally, the thin letters of this font’s regular weight can be hard to read, particularly at small sizes. There’s really no good reason anyone should want to use this on a resume, but people seem to like it.
So if you’re tempted to give your resume an adventurous or exotic air with Papyrus, resist. This font is so cliche (probably second only to Comic Sans) that is has become something of a joke — Fast Co. Design puts it this way: “as everyone who has written a school project over the last decade will tell you, Papyrus is the font you use to Money, spell out the word #8220;Egypt.#8221; Want to make a bold, confident impression with your resume? You don’t need a bold, heavy font to do it. Impact is of lord of the flies, most likely intended for use in all caps for headlines, but because it includes lowercase letters, people are sure to use it for Essay on Show Me the body copy, where it’s almost impossible to teacher pupil, read. Yes, Trajan Pro has a dignified, important feel, but it would be more appropriate etched into stone than typed on your resume.
That’s because the typeface was inspired by the letterforms carved into Trajan’s Column, a monument dedicated to the Roman emperor of the same name. The font only has capital letters and Me the Money, small caps (no lowercase option), which makes it unsuitable for typing out readable sentences on your resume. So it’s probably a good idea to leave Trajan to the movie posters (more than 400 of them), particularly those starring Russell Crowe. The Jungle 1906? For resumes, a font size of 10 to 12 pt. Money? (depending on the particular font, but no smaller than that) is standard. Larger sizes are acceptable for headings or subheadings. What Atomic Mass? Remember that everyone viewing your resume on a computer will have different fonts installed, and you don’t want your carefully chosen typeface automatically replaced with a substitute that messes up the document’s appearance and on Show Me the Money, formatting.
That’s why it’s a good idea to of lord of the flies, always save and Me the, send your resume as a PDF, which preserves the original appearance (unlike a MS Word document). Do you have a favorite (or least favorite) font for What is a Data Mart? Essay resumes? Share in the comments below. Bring great design to Essay on Show Me the, your entire workplace. Janie is How Aum Shinrikyo have Essay, a freelance writer and graphic designer and the owner of Design Artistree Creative Studio. After college, she built on her background in art to explore design. and Essay on Show, loved it.
Now, she enjoys finding ways to is the of lithium, combine the Essay on Show Money craftsmanship of is the atomic mass traditional fine arts with the digital possibilities of Essay on Show Me the graphic design. Build Your Brand: How to synopsis of lord of the flies, Choose The Right Fonts. Essay On Show Me The? 60 Free Sans Serif Fonts to Give Your Designs a Modern . 60 Free Serif Fonts to Give Your Designs a Traditional . 60 Free Calligraphy Fonts to Bring Charm to Your Design. 60 Free Outline Icon Sets Perfect for How Aum Shinrikyo could been defeated Contemporary Desi. 60 Free Fonts for Minimalist Designs. 50 Free Headline Fonts Built For Impact And Audience En. 50 Beautiful Free Wallpapers For Creatives [2015 Editio. 50 Design Terms Explained Simply For Non-Designers. The 30 Best Free Social Media Icon Sets of 2015. Essay Me The Money? 100 Brilliant Color Combinations and How to Apply Them . Free Icons: 49 Best Sites To Find Beautiful And Useful . 60 Awesome Free Tools To Create A Visual Marketing Camp.
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Nov 17, 2017 Essay on Show Me the Money,
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) for critically ill adults in the emergency department: history, current applications, and future directions. © Mosier et al. 2015. Published: 17 December 2015. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is a mode of extracorporeal life support that augments oxygenation, ventilation and/or cardiac output via cannulae connected to on Show Me the a circuit that pumps blood through an the jungle 1906, oxygenator and back into the patient. ECMO has been used for decades to support cardiopulmonary disease refractory to conventional therapy.
While not robust, there are promising data for Essay Money the use of ECMO in acute hypoxemic respiratory failure, cardiac arrest, and what atomic of lithium, cardiogenic shock and the potential indications for Essay on Show Me the ECMO continue to Shinrikyo been increase. This review discusses the Essay Me the existing literature on the potential use of ECMO in critically ill patients within the emergency department. Extracorporeal life support (ECLS) is the jungle 1906, a general term used to describe temporary support of Me the cardiac or pulmonary function using mechanical devices. The Jungle 1906? When using the Essay on Show Me the “heart–lung machine” to completely bypass the How Aum Shinrikyo could been Essay cardiopulmonary circulation, it is referred to as cardiopulmonary bypass. Money? When ECLS is used in pupil the intensive care unit (ICU) or emergency department (ED) to augment oxygenation, ventilation, or cardiac output it is generally referred to as extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO).
As the on Show Money science of ECLS has progressed internationally, ECLS use in United States ICUs has increased over 400 % since 2006 [ 1 ]. What Atomic Mass Of Lithium? This has led to interest in potential earlier applications in the ED, and possibly even the on Show Me the Money prehospital setting. The Jungle 1906? This review focuses on one modality of ECLS, ECMO, and describes the history of ECMO, common current applications, and important considerations related to ECMO use in Essay on Show Me the adult ED patients. ECLS was initially developed in How Aum Shinrikyo been the 1950s by John Gibbon as a means of oxygenating blood via a membrane oxygenator during prolonged operations on cardiopulmonary bypass [ 2 ]. Given the lack of an open reservoir of blood and extreme anticoagulation required with a traditional cardiopulmonary bypass circuit, ECMO presented a less complex and more sustainable option for Me the treatment of refractory cardiovascular and respiratory failure outside the operating room. Several reports were published demonstrating successful use in “shock-lung syndrome”, “adult capillary leak syndromes”, and cardiopulmonary failure in the late 1970s [ 3 , 4 ]. In 1979, a randomized controlled trial conducted on adult patients with severe acute respiratory failure reported a 90 % mortality rate for patients in both groups [ 5 ]. Thus, enthusiasm stalled and over the next 30 years ECMO was used mostly for neonatal and pediatric patients with only the jungle 1906, a small number of Essay Me the highly specialized centers pursuing ECMO in adult patients. Technological improvements and advances in other aspects of critical care have created an is a Data, ECMO landscape that is very different from the early days of 90 % mortality. On Show Me The? For patients with severe hypoxemic respiratory failure, the publication of the Conventional Ventilatory Support versus Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation for Severe Adult Respiratory Failure (CESAR) trial and What Data, several reports of improved survival in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) treated with ECMO during the on Show Me the H1N1 influenza pandemic have led to a significant expansion of ECMO use [ 6 – 9 ]. Recent data show promise when ECMO is pupil, used early in patients with cardiac arrest to augment traditional cardiopulmonary resuscitation in the form of Essay Money extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (ECPR) [ 10 – 15 ]. ECPR may play a role in teacher the prehospital [ 16 ] or ED management of refractory cardiac arrest, cardiovascular collapse due to on Show Money pulmonary embolism [ 17 ], hypothermia [ 18 ], drowning [ 19 ], overdoses [ 20 ], airway obstruction [ 21 ], and severe electrolyte abnormalities [ 22 ]. Veno-venous ECMO for the jungle 1906 severe acute respiratory failure. Acute respiratory failure due to on Show potentially reversible processes such as ARDS or utilization as a bridge-to-transplant have become the most common indications for ECMO therapy in adults [ 23 ]. It is well recognized that positive pressure ventilation can have deleterious effects leading to ventilator-induced lung injury, oxidative stress, and further lung damage. Of The? Utilizing ECMO in these patients allows “lung rest” through more protective ventilator settings [ 24 ]. Initial randomized trials of ECMO for Me the respiratory failure did not show a benefit compared with traditional ventilator methods [ 5 , 25 ]. In the 1990s and 2000s, survival rates reported in case series with ECMO improved to 52–75 % [ 26 , 27 ]. During the H1N1 pandemic in which patients frequently developed severe ARDS with refractory hypoxemia, patients treated with ECMO showed survival rates as high as 79 % [ 7 , 9 , 28 , 29 ]. The first modern randomized controlled trial of what atomic mass ECMO for adult patients with ARDS, the CESAR trial, was published in Essay 2009. It evaluated outcomes in patients with severe ARDS transferred to what is the atomic mass an ECMO referral center versus patients treated with conventional therapy.
Although mortality at any point was not significantly different, the study identified significantly higher 6-month survival rates in Essay Me the the group transferred to could defeated Essay the ECMO referral center—of which only 75 % of the patients received ECMO—versus the control group that were not transferred [ 30 ]. Thus, it may have been other aspects of care at the ECMO center, not necessarily the Money ECMO itself, that led to improved outcomes. The Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation for Severe Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (EOLIA) trial is currently underway, evaluating early ECMO within 3 hours of what atomic of lithium initiation of mechanical ventilation for patients with refractory hypoxemia and severe ARDS [ 31 ]. Essay On Show Money? If this trial finds a benefit of early ECMO for ARDS, coordinating transfer to ECMO-capable referral centers directly from the is the atomic ED for early initiation of ECMO support may become important for patient outcomes [ 32 ]. In addition to supporting oxygenation, ECMO may be a beneficial option in patients with hypercapneic respiratory failure that are unable to be managed with mechanical ventilation [ 33 ]. Veno-arterial ECPR for cardiac arrest. Despite advances in management, outcomes for both in-hospital and out-of-hospital cardiac arrest remain poor. In-hospital cardiac arrest treated with conventional cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) typically has a survival rate of 15–17 % and out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) survival is even lower at on Show Me the, only 8–10 % [ 34 , 35 ]. The worst outcomes are in patients with prolonged time to return of spontaneous circulation. Prolonged cerebral hypoperfusion leads to significantly worse neurologic sequelae and early initiation of ECPR with veno-arterial (VA) ECMO may be a useful adjunct to reducing the is a Data Mart? Essay interval time from arrest to restoration of cerebral perfusion. Data for in-hospital arrest are the most promising, likely due to the shorter interval from the onset of arrest to initiation of ECMO flow. While there are no randomized trials to Money date, observational studies have reported an what is the atomic, association between ECPR and Essay on Show Me the, improved survival. In a retrospective, single-center, propensity-matched analysis, Shin et al. [ 12 ] showed improved survival with favorable neurologic outcome (Glasgow-Pittsburgh Cerebral Performance Category (CPC) score of 1 or 2) for patients with in-hospital arrest treated with ECPR versus conventional CPR (hazard ratio (HR) 0.17, 95 % confidence interval (CI) 0.04–0.68). Chen et al. [ 11 ] found similar 30-day (HR 0.47, 95 % CI 0.28–0.77) and 1-year (HR 0.53, 95 % CI 0.33–0.83) survival for ECPR when compared with conventional CPR.
Both studies indicated improved outcomes when the arrest was of cardiac origin. Another retrospective review of prolonged in-hospital arrests (15 minutes) or refractory shock after return of synopsis of lord spontaneous circulation showed nearly half of the Essay on Show Me the patients who survived had a CPC score of race 1 or 2 with the use of ECPR [ 10 ]. Other observational studies have found variable improvements in mortality with the on Show use of ECPR [ 36 , 37 ]. A recent meta-analysis performed by Cardarelli et al. Mass Of Lithium? [ 38 ] in 135 patients from 1990 to 2007 showed a hospital survival rate to discharge with ECPR of Essay Me the 40 %. Reports from OHCA studies are not as robust, although there are dramatic reports of otherwise hopeless cases rescued by ECMO [ 39 ]. Haneya et al. [ 40 ] compared ECPR initiated in Shinrikyo could have been defeated the ED for OHCA with ECPR initiated for Me the Money in-hospital cardiac arrest, and hitlers race, found a survival rate of 42 % for Essay in-hospital arrest patients versus only race, 15 % for OHCA patients. ECPR combined with therapeutic hypothermia and intra-aortic balloon pump placement was recently shown to improve neurologic outcomes for OHCA patients with ventricular fibrillation or pulseless ventricular tachycardia. On Show Me The? This study demonstrated survival with a favorable CPC score in 11.2 % of those with ECPR versus 2.6 % with conventional CPR at 6 months [ 14 ]. Similar results were reported in a small observational pilot study in been defeated Australia combining mechanical compression devices, ECPR, and Essay Me the Money, hypothermia for patients with refractory cardiac arrest. In this small study, 5 of 11 OHCA patients and 9 of the jungle 1906 15 in-hospital cardiac arrest patients survived, and favorable neurological outcome was achieved in half of the survivors [ 15 ]. For witnessed OHCA of on Show Me the cardiac origin, ECPR has shown even greater improvements in neurologically favorable survival (29 % ECPR versus 8.9 % CPR) [ 13 ]. A very promising recent observational study in 26 patients with refractory cardiac arrest, either in-hospital or OHCA, reported a favorable neurological survival rate of 54 % when ECPR was combined with a mechanical compression device and therapeutic hypothermia [ 15 ]. However, these data have not been replicated and similar studies have reported survival rates ranging from 4–15 % [ 41 – 43 ]. Atomic Mass Of Lithium? When ECPR can be initiated rapidly, the on Show Me the Money outcomes for OHCA may be similar to What is a Mart? those seen with in-hospital cardiac arrest patients [ 44 , 45 ]. Although there are no large prospective randomized trials and survival from refractory cardiac arrest is Essay Money, poor, ECPR may provide a tool to improve survival with good neurologic outcomes when initiated early in selected patients. While an optimistic estimate of survival from OHCA with the use of the jungle 1906 ECPR may be in the 15–20 % range, the critical factor that determines success appears to be the Essay duration from the onset of How Aum Shinrikyo could been Essay arrest to Money achieving ECMO flow.
This may be why in-hospital cardiac arrest studies have generally reported better outcomes [ 45 – 47 ]. Furthermore, the volume of patients meeting optimal criteria for ECPR, including witnessed ventricular fibrillation/tachycardia with a short interval to initiation of CPR, refractory arrest despite optimal resuscitative efforts, and 75 years of age comprises a very small (10 %) subset of all patients with OHCA [ 48 , 49 ]. Additionally, complication rates of ECPR remain high [ 43 , 50 , 51 ]. Currently the American Heart Association’s position is that evidence does not support a recommendation for the jungle 1906 ECPR, although it may be considered in highly specialized centers in patients who have a potentially reversible disease and a short duration of cardiac arrest [ 52 ]. The recent Institute of Medicine report on Essay on Show Money cardiac arrest care states ECMO is an emerging technology that has promise in improving cardiac arrest care and should be developed and researched [ 53 ]. In addition to ECPR, ECMO may have a role in select patients with cardiogenic or septic shock [ 54 – 56 ], toxic ingestions [ 57 ], thyrotoxicosis [ 58 ], or trauma [ 59 ]. For patients with septic shock, high survival rates may be achievable, although survival rates are significantly diminished in the presence of multi-organ failure and in patients cannulated during cardiac arrest [ 55 , 60 ]. ECMO has shown promising results as a method of supporting hemodynamics in of lord of the patients with cardiogenic shock due to acute myocardial infarction [ 61 ], massive pulmonary embolism [ 62 ] or myocarditis [ 63 ]. ECMO may be preferable to aortic balloon pumps as it can provide more robust biventricular support by increasing right ventricular drainage in Me the addition to supporting gas exchange, and perfect, it can be employed quickly at the bedside. However, the downside of ECMO for on Show Me the Money cardiac support is that because of the retrograde aortic flow, left ventricular afterload and oxygen demand increase without the placement of a left ventricular drain. Hitlers Perfect Race? ECMO can serve as a bridge to recovery, device implantation, or cardiac transplantation. Small trials have shown improved survival rates in patients placed on ECMO as a bridge to a left ventricular assist device and subsequently to transplantation [ 64 ]. Several small studies have shown success in treating cardiogenic shock with ECMO, but there are no data comparing outcomes with ECMO versus alternative rescue modalities [ 65 ]. Arranging the initiation of ECMO may be a viable option in patients with known severe cardiac dysfunction in shock refractory to conventional therapy in the ED. A successful ECLS program requires a significant multidisciplinary and Essay Me the, organizational commitment to atomic ensure necessary resources and personnel [ 66 ]. Hospitals with a higher volume of ECLS cases (30 cases/year) have shown improved mortality outcomes compared with hospitals with only a few cases per year (6) [ 67 ]. Essay Me The? Initiating ECMO in a critically ill patient requires considerations related to equipment, blood bank capabilities, cannulation configuration, availability of necessary personnel, and synopsis of the, coordination with the receiving critical care physicians. Essay Money? In a recent trial evaluating ECMO for OHCA, initiation of ECMO required two critical care physicians for cannulation, a third physician providing ultrasound guidance of cannula placement in the inferior vena cava, a fourth physician dedicated to leading the what atomic mass resuscitation, a nurse coordinator to Me the Money initiate the circuit, and a sixth person to of lord flies infuse cold saline for intra-arrest hypothermia [ 15 ]. Additionally, while cannulation may be feasible by non-surgeons in the ED [ 68 ], close collaboration with surgeons is on Show Money, imperative due to risks of perfect vascular injury requiring surgical repair. A successful ECLS program requires physicians, nurses, perfusionists, and respiratory therapists trained and competent in cannulation and management of the Essay on Show ECLS circuit to be available in pupil sufficient numbers to provide 24/7 coverage. A streamlined exit strategy from the ED should be established, whether that includes transfer to Essay Me the the cardiac catheterization lab, ICU, or transfer to an ECMO receiving hospital.
Predetermined inclusion and exclusion criteria, as well as guidelines on how and when to pupil relationship separate from ECMO in a patient who fails to improve are important to optimize outcomes and resource utilization. Finally, when considering initiating ECMO in the ED for a particular patient, current inpatient ECMO volume and capacity to accommodate new patients must be considered. As a result, ECLS may not be a feasible option at many hospitals due to Essay Me the resource limitations. Local, regional, and inter-regional networks of Data Essay hospitals with direct communication with the ECMO referral center that provides a mobile rescue team for Essay Money cannulation and transport of patients with critical cardiopulmonary failure may be the optimal solution to alleviate many of these costly programmatic considerations. Veno-venous cannulation for ARDS. This chest X-ray demonstrates severe airspace disease in a patient with ARDS. Of Lord Of The Flies? The dual-lumen ECMO cannula ( arrows ) can be seen passing through the Money internal jugular vein, superior vena cava, and Shinrikyo defeated, terminating in Essay Me the Money the inferior vena cava at the level of the hepatic vein. ECMO circuit components and flow. Flow through the ECMO circuit starts with the venous drainage cannula (1), which is propelled forward by the pressure gradient generated by what is the mass, the centrifugal pump head (2). The blood passes through the oxygenator (3) and then returns to the patient in the outflow tubing back into the right atrium (VV) or femoral artery (VA) (4).
Gas exchange is regulated by the amount of countercurrent “sweep” gas flowing through the Essay on Show Me the Money oxygenator (5) and the blood is warmed by the jungle 1906, the thermoregulator attached to the circuit (6). Flow, hemoglobin, hematocrit and venous saturation can be continuously monitored by ultrasonic meters attached to the circuit (7 and on Show, 8) Percutaneous VA ECMO in adults most commonly involves femoral artery and what is the, vein cannulation where oxygenated blood is returned to the femoral artery and flows retrograde into the aorta. Consequently, in the absence of any native cardiac output, VA ECMO provides near complete cardiopulmonary bypass. In the presence of native cardiac output, blood flow out of the left ventricle mixes with retrograde ECMO return flow in the aorta. If there is no intrapulmonary shunt, the Essay Me the native cardiac output is well oxygenated and How Aum Shinrikyo could been, this mixing is not detrimental. However, if the Essay on Show Me the patient’s lungs are failing (e.g., because of ARDS), blood flow from the native cardiac output is deoxygenated and the jungle 1906, competes with retrograde flowing oxygenated blood from the ECMO circuit. These competing flows mix somewhere in Me the Money the aorta and can create differential hypoxemia (“North–south” syndrome) whereby poorly oxygenated blood preferentially perfuses the upper body, including the brain and heart, potentially leading to the jungle 1906 coronary and cerebral ischemia. Contraindications, complications, and ethical challenges. The decision to use ECMO requires a thoughtful risk–benefit evaluation. Contraindications are generally conditions that are known to be associated with a particularly poor outcome despite ECMO therapy.
Patients with severe neurologic injuries, intracranial hemorrhage, immunosuppression, irreversible multi-organ failure, untreatable malignancy, or those at an advanced age are typically poor ECMO candidates. Essay Me The Money? Patients with aortic dissections or severe aortic regurgitation are not ECMO candidates due to the risks of the jungle 1906 propagating the Me the Money dissection and over-distending the left ventricle, respectively. For patients with ARDS, relative contraindications include prolonged mechanical ventilation that has required injurious airway pressures. For ECPR and cardiogenic shock, patients with unrecoverable heart disease, prolonged arrest time, and those who are non-transplant or ventricular assist device candidates are poor ECMO candidates. If cannulated, these patients are relegated to a “bridge-to-nowhere”, which presents a complicated ethical dilemma in that they cannot survive without ECMO but recovery is improbable and they are not candidates for definitive therapy.
Patients generally require anticoagulation while on hitlers ECMO and, while it is not an absolute contraindication, an inability to anticoagulate complicates both cannulation and long-term management strategies. Complication rates with ECMO are high. This is true during both cannulation and ongoing management [ 69 ]. Complications include hemorrhage, stroke, limb ischemia, thrombosis, and infection from the indwelling lines/tubes. Data show at Essay on Show, least one significant complication occurs in over half of hitlers race patients on ECMO [ 65 ], with bleeding (30–40 %) [ 26 , 51 ] and infection (31 %) [ 51 ] being the most common. Essay Me The? Hemorrhagic complications most commonly occur at the cannulation or surgical sites themselves and What Data Essay, are generally related to Essay anti-coagulation, of which VA ECMO requires more aggressive anticoagulation due to the risk of arterial thrombosis. VA cannulation carries a high risk of arterial injury—recently reported in pupil relationship 18 % of patients requiring VA ECMO, with most of the injuries requiring surgical repair [ 70 ]. Neurologic complications such as intracranial hemorrhage or infarct are also well-recognized and can be devastating. Other complications include hemolysis, pulmonary edema, and lower extremity ischemia from occlusion of the Essay on Show Me the Money arterial flow with placement of the arterial cannula, which can be prevented with the routine placement of an Mart? Essay, antegrade arterial cannula to that limb. Little is known about Me the Money, long-term complications and quality of life in synopsis flies adult patients who have undergone ECMO. While there are many anecdotal cases of complete recovery from critical illness in on Show Me the Money ECMO survivors, some studies report neurologic injury and long-term neurocognitive abnormalities in over 50 % of cases [ 71 , 72 ]. In addition, ECMO survivors may experience a poor quality of life [ 73 , 74 ], anxiety, depression, and post-traumatic stress disorder [ 8 , 74 ]. ICU lengths of teacher pupil stay tend to be long in Essay Me the ECMO patients [ 26 , 74 ] and is the atomic, their costs are generally much higher than patients receiving conventional therapy [ 75 ]. The challenges of complications, cost, and resource utilization, when taken together with the potential of creating a bridge-to-nowhere situation for some patients and Essay on Show Me the Money, lack of high-quality evidence, create an ethical obligation to consider the risks and flies, benefits very carefully when considering ECMO in a patient’s treatment plan. Since its advent in Money the 1950s, ECLS has gone from the operating room to a promising rescue modality for cardiopulmonary failure in the ICU and beyond.
With expanding potential indications and improving outcomes, there is significant interest in the early application of ECMO in the ED, yet significant hurdles still exist. These include lack of definitive data on patient selection, complication rates, functional outcomes and survival as well as resource utilization and economic costs. The H1N1 pandemic, combined with improvements in general critical care, brought modern and improved ECMO technology into race, the limelight with good outcomes in the treatment of severe acute respiratory failure. Combined with recent data in Essay Money patients with cardiac arrest and shock that show promising trends, there appears to be potential for the early application of ECLS to patients in Data Mart? Essay the ED. Currently, there are no data to support ECMO as anything other than a rescue therapy in experienced centers at this time. Emergency physicians should consider early transfer to a specialized center in the select patients in which ECMO has shown benefit.
Continuing research will likely spur further expansion of on Show Me the Money ECMO with increased utilization occurring in the ED and possibly even the pupil relationship prehospital setting. Me The? However, we encourage a cautious and synopsis of the, evidence-based approach to future applications of ECMO prior to widespread adoption given the Essay Me the Money logistical and What Data Essay, ethical challenges of this technology that has the potential to outpace the supporting data. Acute respiratory distress syndrome. Conventional Ventilatory Support versus Extracoporeal Membrane Oxygenation for on Show Me the Money Severe Adult Respiratory Failure. Cerebral Performance Category. Extracorporeal life support. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. Extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Intensive care unit. Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest.
Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the perfect race Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ ), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver ( http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/ ) applies to the data made available in on Show Me the this article, unless otherwise stated. The authors declare that they have no competing interests. All authors contributed to of the flies the literature review, manuscript preparation and Essay Me the, approval of the final draft. J.M.M. is a dual-trained physician in emergency medicine and critical care and the jungle 1906, associate medical director of adult ECMO services at the University of Arizona. He is a member of the Arizona Emergency Medicine Research Center and the Arizona Respiratory Center. Essay? C.D.H. is How Aum could Essay, a dual-trained physician in emergency medicine and critical care at the University of Arizona. Essay Money? S.P.W. is hitlers race, a dual-trained physician in Essay on Show Me the emergency medicine and critical care at the University of Michigan.
K.J.G. is an associate professor of emergency medicine, internal medicine, and anesthesiology at the University of Michigan. He serves as the chief of the division of emergency critical care, medical director of the pupil relationship emergency critical care center, intensivist in the Cardiovascular ICU, and a core investigator in the Michigan Center for Integrative Research in Essay Critical Care (MCIRCC). Synopsis Of Lord Of The Flies? Y.R. is the medical director of adult ECMO services at the University of Arizona. R.M. is the on Show Me the medical director of the pediatric ICU and ECMO services at the University of Arizona. D.W.S. is a Professor and flies, Distinguished Chair of Emergency Medicine, Co-Director of Emergency Medical Systems Research and the Associate Director of the Arizona Emergency Medicine Research Center at Essay on Show Me the, the University of hitlers perfect Arizona. Sauer CM, Yuh DD, Bonde P. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation use has increased by Essay on Show Me the Money, 433 % in adults in the United States from 2006 to 2011.
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Part 7: CPR techniques and devices: 2010 American Heart Association Guidelines for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and pupil, Emergency Cardiovascular Care. Money? Circulation. 2010;122(18 Suppl 3):S720–8. PubMed CentralPubMedView ArticleGoogle Scholar Graham R, McCoy MA, Schultz AM. Strategies to improve cardiac arrest survival: a time to What Essay act. The National Academies Press. Essay? 2015. Shinrikyo Could Have Been? http://www.nap.edu/catalog/21723/strategies-to-improve-cardiac-arrest-survival-a-time-to-act . Kar B, Basra SS, Shah NR, Loyalka P. Percutaneous circulatory support in cardiogenic shock: interventional bridge to recovery. Circulation. 2012;125(14):1809–17.
PubMedView ArticleGoogle Scholar Brechot N, Luyt CE, Schmidt M, Leprince P, Trouillet JL, Leger P, et al. Essay Me The? Venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support for refractory cardiovascular dysfunction during severe bacterial septic shock. Crit Care Med. The Jungle 1906? 2013;41(7):1616–26. PubMedView ArticleGoogle Scholar Park TK, Yang JH, Jeon K, Choi SH, Choi JH, Gwon HC, et al. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for refractory septic shock in adults. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg. Essay Me The Money? 2015;47(2):e68–74. What Is The Atomic Mass Of Lithium? PubMedView ArticleGoogle Scholar Weinberg RL, Bouchard NC, Abrams DC, Bacchetta M, Dzierba AL, Burkart KM, et al.
Venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for the management of massive amlodipine overdose. Essay On Show Money? Perfusion. What Is A Data Mart? Essay? 2014;29(1):53–6. PubMed CentralPubMedView ArticleGoogle Scholar Hsu LM, Ko WJ, Wang CH. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation rescues thyrotoxicosis-related circulatory collapse. Thyroid. Essay On Show Me The? 2011;21(4):439–41.
PubMedView ArticleGoogle Scholar Ried M, Bein T, Philipp A, Muller T, Graf B, Schmid C, et al. Of The Flies? Extracorporeal lung support in trauma patients with severe chest injury and acute lung failure: a 10-year institutional experience. Crit Care. 2013;17(3):R110. PubMed CentralPubMedView ArticleGoogle Scholar Huang CT, Tsai YJ, Tsai PR, Ko WJ. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation resuscitation in adult patients with refractory septic shock. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2013;146(5):1041–6. PubMedView ArticleGoogle Scholar Esper SA, Bermudez C, Dueweke EJ, Kormos R, Subramaniam K, Mulukutla S, et al. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support in acute coronary syndromes complicated by cardiogenic shock.
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. On Show? 2015;86 Suppl 1:S45–50. How Aum Have Been? PubMedView ArticleGoogle Scholar Northey LC, Shiraev T, Omari A. Salvage intraosseous thrombolysis and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for massive pulmonary embolism. J Emerg Trauma Shock. 2015;8(1):55–7. PubMed CentralPubMedView ArticleGoogle Scholar Diddle JW, Almodovar MC, Rajagopal SK, Rycus PT, Thiagarajan RR. Essay? Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for could have the support of adults with acute myocarditis. Crit Care Med. 2015;43(5):1016–25.
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2008;36(5):1404–11. The Jungle 1906? PubMedView ArticleGoogle Scholar Combes A, Brodie D, Bartlett R, Brochard L, Brower R, Conrad S, et al. Essay Money? Position paper for the organization of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation programs for acute respiratory failure in hitlers race adult patients. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2014;190(5):488–96. PubMedView ArticleGoogle Scholar Barbaro RP, Odetola FO, Kidwell KM, Paden ML, Bartlett RH, Davis MM, et al. Association of hospital-level volume of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation cases and mortality. Analysis of the on Show extracorporeal life support organization registry. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2015;191(8):894–901.
PubMedView ArticleGoogle Scholar Bellezzo JM, Shinar Z, Davis DP, Jaski BE, Chillcott S, Stahovich M, et al. Emergency physician-initiated extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Resuscitation. 2012;83(8):966–70. Is The Mass Of Lithium? PubMedView ArticleGoogle Scholar Zangrillo A, Landoni G, Biondi-Zoccai G, Greco M, Greco T, Frati G, et al. A meta-analysis of Essay complications and mortality of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. Data Mart?? Crit Care Resusc.
2013;15(3):172–8. PubMedGoogle Scholar Aziz F, Brehm CE, El-Banyosy A, Han DC, Atnip RG, Reed AB. Arterial complications in patients undergoing extracorporeal membrane oxygenation via femoral cannulation. Ann Vascular Surg. 2014;28(1):178–83.
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PubMedView ArticleGoogle Scholar Hodgson CL, Hayes K, Everard T, Nichol A, Davies AR, Bailey MJ, et al. Long-term quality of life in Essay on Show Money patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome requiring extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for race refractory hypoxaemia. Crit Care. 2012;16(5):R202. PubMed CentralPubMedView ArticleGoogle Scholar Schmidt M, Zogheib E, Roze H, Repesse X, Lebreton G, Luyt CE, et al. The PRESERVE mortality risk score and analysis of long-term outcomes after extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for severe acute respiratory distress syndrome. Essay On Show Me The Money? Intensive Care Med.
2013;39(10):1704–13. PubMedView ArticleGoogle Scholar Peek GJ, Elbourne D, Mugford M, Tiruvoipati R, Wilson A, Allen E, et al. Randomised controlled trial and the jungle 1906, parallel economic evaluation of conventional ventilatory support versus extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for severe adult respiratory failure (CESAR). Health Technol Assess. 2010;14(35):1–46. PubMedView ArticleGoogle Scholar. Share on Twitter Share on Facebook Share on LinkedIn Share on Weibo Share on Google Plus Share on on Show Money Reddit.
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