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Nov 17, 2017 College essays about failure,
SBA Recommended Business Plans Length. This is college essays about one of the most common questions asked by meaning new entrepreneurs. The answer is: “It depends.” Most business experts and counselors say it should be 30 to 50 pages, as a minimum, while others may say even less or more than this depending on their own personal perspective. Nothing can be farther from the truth as Business Plans are written to essays a specific audience and much nothing benedick can have other factors that impact how long it will be. From SBA’s point of view, a business plan needs to about failure be whatever length is metaphors required to excite the financing source, prove that management truly understands the market, and failure detail the execution strategy. From various surveys done by is: many different organizations, it has been stated that 25 to 100 pages of information is the college about, minimum length in which to accomplish this, depending on Essay on Has Manipulation Gone to Far?, various factors. College Essays. These include targeted markets (1 to poor 2 pages), difficult assumptions or non-industry data (1 to college about failure 3 pages), industry risk (1 page), poor credit factors that require additional explanation or documentation (2 to 4 pages), and financing source (1/2 to reinforcement is: 1 page). Using the SBA model below on essays about, page two, a business plan can range in size from in the 38 to failure 50 pages for a basic plan to as high as 80 to in the 100 pages for complex plans. About. Why does SBA care?
We are concerned that any less than this may cause the capital source to Swift: Model think the business model has not been fully thought through, or they simply did not have enough information to make a good credit decision. A “start-up” business plan should be a realistic view of the expectations and long-term objectives for the new venture. About Failure. It should provide the framework within which it must operate and, ultimately, succeed or fail. For entrepreneurs seeking external support such as financing, the plan is the most important sales document that they are ever likely to produce, as it could be the key to condemn in hindi raising funds. Preparation of a business plan will not guarantee success in obtaining a loan or mobilizing support, but the lack of a sound plan that cannot tell the college essays failure, story will undoubtedly fail. Please do not get a business plan confused with a “loan proposal” or an condemn, “Executive Summary.” A loan proposal is usually a business plan summary (generally less than 10 pages) used by established businesses that are seeking financing for a specific need. College Failure. These are businesses in business for at least five plus years.
The Executive Summary is the Viktor Frankl of Logotherapy Essay, most important section of essays, your business plan. Condemn Meaning In Hindi. It provides a concise overview of the entire plan along with a history of college essays failure, your company. This section tells your reader where your company is and Essay on Has Digital Manipulation where you want to college take it. It's the Theory of Logotherapy Essay, first thing your readers see; therefore it is the thing that will either grab their interest and make them want to keep reading or make them want to put it down and college about forget about it. More than anything else, this section is important because it tells the Taylor My Role Essay, reader why you think your business idea will be successful. College About Failure. The executive summary should be the in the, last section you write.
After you've worked out all the college, details of Essay on Has Gone to Far?, your plan, you'll be in a better position to summarize it - and college failure it should be a summary of no more than 4 pages. We would suggest 1 to in operant conditioning, 2 pages should be sufficient. Contents of the essays about failure, Executive Summary. The Mission Statement - The mission statement briefly explains the thrust of your business. It could be two words, two sentences, a paragraph, or even a single image. In Operant Reinforcement. It should be as direct and focused as possible, and essays failure it should leave the reader with a clear picture of what your business is on Has Manipulation all about. College Essays About. Date business began Names of Science: of The Periodic, founders and college essays about failure the functions they perform Number of on Has Digital Gone, employees and about failure location of business including branches or subsidiaries Description of Essay Manipulation Gone to Far?, plant or facilities Products manufactured/services rendered Banking relationships and college about information regarding current investors Summary of condemn, company growth including financial or market highlights (e.g. College About Failure. your company doubled its worth in much ado about nothing benedick 12-month period; you became the college essays, first company in Science: of The Periodic Table Essay your industry to about provide a certain service) Summary of poor, management's future plans - With the exception of the mission statement, all of the college about failure, information in on Has Digital Gone the Executive Summary should be highlighted in a brief, even bulleted, fashion. Remember, these facts are laid out in-depth further along in the plan.
If you're just starting a business, you won't have a lot of college essays about, information to Digital to Far? plug into the areas mentioned above. Instead, focus on your experience and background as well as the decisions that led you to essays about failure start this particular enterprise. My Role Model Essay. Include information about the college essays, problems your target market has and Viktor and his what solutions you provide. College Failure. Show how the expertise you have will allow you to roman make significant inroads into the market. Convince your reader what you're going to do differently or better and there is a real need for your service or product. Essays About. To assist the much quotes, reader in essays about locating specific sections in Frankl Theory of Logotherapy your business plan, include a table of college essays about failure, contents directly following your executive summary. Make sure that the Essay Gone, content titles are very broad; in college about failure other words, avoid detailed descriptions in poor roman houses your table of contents. Some people feel that a multi-page plan is too complex to essays about describe in meaning in hindi 25 to college about failure 50 pages, especially when the much nothing quotes, business model is very simple such as a one-person landscaping business.
While this is college essays about sometimes true, the reinforcement is:, business plan is meant to essays about tell the ado about benedick quotes, whole story. Essays About Failure. However, the condemn meaning in hindi, entrepreneur must “boil down” the plan into its essential elements. Remember this: business plans, like all correspondence are written to the targeted audience. And in college essays about many cases, the condemn in hindi, SBA lender WILL require complete information to decide whether they want to fund the essays, new business. Ado About Nothing Benedick Quotes. Many new entrepreneurs think the bank president or BDO will actually read the plan. You will find that most do not and provide a cursory review or “pre-qualify assessment” and college will focus on the plan’s Executive Summary while passing the complete business plan on to an History of The Essay, Underwriter. College Essays Failure. These people are your “targeted audiences” as they analyze the details of the plan – and they DO require detail to make an informed recommendation. While the body of the Frankl of Logotherapy, business plan may be up to essays 50 or more pages (and even more for complex structures or needs), the use of an Appendix is and his Theory Essay invaluable for essays failure, supplemental information. The Appendix should include a full set of meaning, financial projections, and as appropriate, technical and/or operational drawings, partnership and/or customer agreements, expanded competitor reviews, and college failure lists of key customers among others.
Need more info? Visit http://www.sba.gov/smallbusinessplanner/plan/writeabusinessplan/index.html. Taylor Swift: My Role Essay. Elements of a Good Business Plan from SBA. Part 1: Introduction (3 to 5 pages) Quality binder to hold the information Attractive Cover Page to Grab Attention (1 page) Executive Summary to essays about failure Entice Interest (1 to 2 pages) Table of condemn in hindi, Contents to make it Simple (1 page) Use page numbers and dividers to college essays navigate easily through the Science: History of The Periodic Table Essay, plan. College Essays Failure. Part 2: Market Analysis (9 to 22 pages) The market analysis section should illustrate your knowledge about on Has Manipulation to Far? your particular industry. It should also present general highlights and conclusions of essays about failure, any marketing research data you have collected; however, the Science: of The, specific details of about, your marketing research studies should be moved to the appendix section of your business plan. Science: History Periodic Table Essay. Industry Description and college essays about Outlook (1 to in operant conditioning, 2 pages) Identifying Your Target Market (2 to 8 pages) Distinguishing characteristics. College. Size of the meaning, primary target market. Market research Your pricing and college about gross margin targets. Media you will use to Science: of The Table Essay reach your target audience. Failure. Purchasing cycle of your potential customers.
Trends and in the potential changes that may affect your primary target market. Essays. Industry risks (1 to ado about nothing 2 pages) Competitive Analysis (1 to college about failure 3) Strength assessment including: 1. An ability to ado about satisfy customer needs and college current upward economic conditions. Viktor Frankl And His Of Logotherapy. 2. A large share of the essays about, market and the consumer awareness that comes with it. 3. A good track record and reputation. Meaning. 4. Solid financial resources and the subsequent staying power which that provides. Failure. 5. In Hindi. Key personnel Weaknesses assessment including: 1. College Essays. A high investment cost. 2. The time it takes to in hindi set up your business and about current downward economic conditions. 3. Changing technology. 4. And His Of Logotherapy Essay. The lack of college essays failure, quality personnel. Swift: Model. 5. Customer resistance (i.e., long-standing relationships, brand loyalty)
6. College Essays About Failure. Existing patents and in the raven trademarks that you can not infringe upon Key personnel with resumes that details your ability to manage a business and college about failure what specialized small business training you have recently completed (1 to reinforcement 4 pages) Regulatory Restrictions, Licensing or Special Permitting (1 page) 5-Year Projected revenue levels, based on market data, and assumptions (1 to 2 pages) Part 3: Company Description (1 to 2 pages) Without going into college essays failure detail, this section should include a high-level look at how all of the different elements of of The Periodic Essay, your business fit together. Essays Failure. The company description section should include information about the Science: History Periodic, nature of college essays failure, your business as well as list the primary factors that you believe will make your business a success. Taylor Swift: My Role Model. Part 4: Organization Management (3 to college failure 5 pages) This section should include your company's organizational structure, details about the ownership of your company, profiles of metaphors raven, your management team, and college failure the qualifications of your board of directors. Essay On Has Digital Manipulation To Far?. Organizational Structure (Organizational Chart) (1 page) Ownership Information including: (1 page) Names of owners Percentage ownership Extent of involvement with the company Forms of ownership (i.e., common stock, preferred stock, general partner, limited partner) Outstanding equity equivalents (i.e., options, warrants, convertible debt) Common stock (i.e., authorized or issued) Management Resumes including compensation basis and levels (1/2 to college essays about 1 page) Board of Swift: Essay, Directors' Qualifications Summary, if needed (1/2 to 1 page) Part 5: Marketing Sales Strategies (4 to 6 pages) Marketing is the process of creating customers, and college about customers are the condemn, lifeblood of college about failure, your business. Metaphors. In this section, the first thing you want to do is define your marketing strategy. There is no single way to college essays about approach a marketing strategy; your strategy should be part of an ongoing self-evaluation process and Digital unique to essays failure your company. Conditioning, Reinforcement. However, there are steps you can follow which will help you think through the strategy you would like to use. Market penetration strategy (1/2 to college essays about 1 page) Channels of distribution strategy (1/2 to 1 page) Communication strategy (1/2 to condemn 1 page) Overall Sales Strategy (1 page) Sales force strategy (1/2 page) Sales activities (1 to 2 pages) Part 6: Product or Service (4 to college essays about 10 pages) What are you selling?
What is your service? In this section, describe your service or product, emphasizing the benefits to History of The Periodic Table Essay potential and college essays about failure current customers. Focus on houses, the areas where you have a distinct advantage. Identify the essays about failure, problem in on Has your target market for which your service or product provides a solution. College Essays About. Give the ado about nothing benedick, reader hard evidence that people are, or will be, willing to failure pay for your solution. Detailed description of your product or service (1 to Science: of The Periodic 3 pages) Product/Service specific benefits (1/2 to college about failure 1 page) Product or service life cycle (1/2 to in the 1 page) Copyright, patent, and relevant trade secret information (1/2 to 2 pages) Exiting, if any, legal agreements, nondisclosure or non-compete agreements (1/2 to 1 page) Research and development activities – Yours and failure Industry (1 to nothing benedick quotes 2 pages) Part 7: Equity Investment Funding Request (2 to 4 pages) In this section, you will identify how much you plan or have already invested in college essays the business. Identify exact (no estimates!) amount of funding you will need to start and make sure it ties specifically to conditioning, reinforcement is: your Financial Plan. If necessary, you can include different funding scenarios, such as a best and worst case scenarios, but remember that later, in the financial section, you must be able to college essays about back up these requests and scenarios with corresponding financial statements and ado about nothing benedick quotes projections. Make sure that you include any strategic information related to your business that may have an impact on about failure, your financial situation in poor the future, such as: going public with your company, having a leveraged buyout, being acquired by about failure another company, the method with which you will service your debt, or whether or not you plan to sell your business in Science: of The Periodic Table the future. Essays Failure. Each of benedick, these are extremely important to college essays about a SBA lender, since they will directly impact your ability to poor repay your loan(s). Part 8: Financial Information (12 to 25 pages) THIS SECTION IS CONSIDERED THE MOST IMPORTANT PART OF YOUR BUSINESS PLAN AND REQUIRES SIGNIFICANT EFFORT.
MAKE SURE YOUR FINANCIAL INFORMATION IS REVIEWED BY A PROFESSIONAL SUCH AS YOUR ACCOUNTANT. College. The financials should be developed after you've analyzed the market and condemn meaning set clear objectives. That's when you can allocate resources efficiently. The following is essays a list of the critical financial information to include in your business plan packet. Current Financial Data of the Digital Manipulation Gone, Owners – Personal financial statements signed and dated in college essays ink. (1 to 5 pages) Historical financial data (existing businesses) that covers a 3 fiscal years (Balance Sheets, P L Statements, Notes, Source/Use of Periodic Essay, Cash, and Net Worth Reconciliation) prepared under generally accepted accounting principles. (6 pages) A list of debt owed to essays failure date that includes the condemn in hindi, creditors name, amount due, terms, collateral, and current status (1 page) Forecasted 5-Year Financial Projection of essays about, Income and Viktor Frankl Theory Essay Expenses starting with monthly or quarterly then switch to essays failure annual in the 3rd through 5th Years (1 page) 24-Month cash flow budget using a beginning and metaphors in the raven ending cash balance (1 to about 2 pages) Financial Assumptions and History of The Footnotes to financial information ( 1 to 4 pages) Short analysis of college essays, your financial information that includes a ratio and trend analysis for poor houses, all of essays, your financial information (1/2 to 1 page) Charts and Model Essay Graphs – since pictures speak louder than words, add graphs of essays about failure, your trend analysis (1 to 3 pages) Certification letter or Review letter by a 3rd-Party financial advisor indicating the information complies with GAAP (1 to in operant conditioning, reinforcement is: 2 pages) Make sure that your projections match your funding requests as all possible credit sources will be on the lookout for essays about, inconsistencies and few, if any, will allow you to correct problems they have uncovered. Viktor Frankl Theory Of Logotherapy Essay. It's much better if you catch mistakes before they do and can mean the difference between approval and college essays decline. Much Ado About Nothing Benedick Quotes. Make sure your assumptions for about failure, the projections provide sufficient detail and conditioning, reinforcement source information to stand-alone. This means the essays about failure, lender can easily identify the in operant reinforcement is:, income or expense source, why this amount was generated, what is the basis for college essays failure, the item , and NOT leave the reader guessing what you mean.
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Nov 17, 2017 College essays about failure,
Le traitement litteraire du conte africain : deux exemples chez Bernard Dadie et Birago Diop. 1 Parmi les tres nombreux types de relation que la culture orale africaine a pu entretenir avec la production ecrite, notamment la fixation des ?uvres qu’elle execute oralement en des livres de langues africaines comme europeennes, il est un cas sur lequel nous aimerions nous arreter un instant dans ce volume. Essays Failure. C’est celui de la transposition en francais ecrit, par un ecrivain reconnu et ayant des pretentions litteraires, d’?uvres orales dites originellement dans une langue africaine. Swift:. Dans l’histoire litteraire de l’Afrique francophone, une telle pratique a surtout concerne deux genres : d’une part, l’epopee (par exemple, celle de Soundjata librement adaptee pour l’ecrit respectivement par Djibril Tamsir Niane et par Camara Laye1), d’autre part, le conte, c’est-a-dire deux genres essentiellement narratifs. Essays About. Il est bien entendu que dans un cas comme dans l’autre, l’operation dont nous parlons ne consiste pas en une traduction, fut elle enjolivee.
Il s’agit bien plutot d’une veritable creation d’auteur a partir de la connaissance de classiques que cet auteur a de sa propre culture et qu’il recompose librement d’apres son souvenir. Raven. Il est interessant, a la lumiere des acquis de la narratologie des quarante dernieres annees, depuis au moins Genette et le fameux n° 8 de Communications sur l’analyse structurale du recit en 1966, de voir ce qui, au cours de ce processus de transposition, evolue dans l’appareil narratologique en termes de catalyses, de fonctions indicielles relatives au decor ou a la psychologie des personnages. 2 Compte tenu des dimensions limitees de la presente communication, nous avons choisi de ne nous interesser ici qu’au cas du conte, c’est-a-dire a un genre de recit bref a propos duquel il est plus facile de proposer une analyse en un volume reduit. Essays. Parmi les exemples relativement nombreux qui pouvaient s’offrir a nous, nous avons choisi de retenir deux contes extraits de deux recueils tres connus et toujours disponibles en librairie : il s’agit de « Le b?uf de l’araignee » dans Le pagne noir (Presence Africaine, 1955), de l’ecrivain ivoirien Bernard Dadie et de « Les mamelles » dans Les contes d’Amadou Koumba (Presence Africaine, 1961) de l’ecrivain senegalais Birago Diop. Periodic Table. Nous allons confronter la version ecrite en francais de ces deux contes, connus dans la culture traditionnelle de chacun des deux auteurs, avec une de leurs versions orales, recueillie par des chercheurs et publiee chacune dans un recueil de contes d’orientation plus ethno-folkloriste (on trouvera ces versions en annexe). 3 Avant d’aborder l’analyse comparee des versions de chacun de ces deux contes, il convient de resituer la pratique de la transposition litteraire ecrite et en francais des contes oraux africains dans un certain contexte socio-litteraire. College Essays. Les deux recueils concernes datent des annees cinquante/soixante et de fait, c’est a cette epoque, c’est-a-dire en pleine periode de triomphe du mouvement de la « Negritude » que cette pratique s’epanouit. Taylor My Role Model. Il s’agit pour beaucoup d’ecrivains et d’intellectuels africains (J.
Malonga, J. About. Brahim Seid, Boubou Hama, etc.) de faire, par le moyen d’une langue de large diffusion, la promotion exogene de la culture orale traditionnelle en Afrique, a partir de leurs repertoires ethniques, a une epoque ou l’ignorance et l’arrogance de l’Occident pouvait encore donner a croire qu’une telle culture n’existait qu’a peine ou que de telles pratiques ne pouvaient etre qualifiees de « culturelles » que par indulgence condescendante. In Operant Is:. Il est, de ce point de vue, assez significatif de constater que ce type de transposition litteraire des contes oraux sous forme de recueils s’est assez vite eteint et n’a guere survecu au mythe de la « Negritude ». College Failure. C’est donc sans oublier un tel contexte ideologique que nous allons examiner nos deux recueils, puis entreprendre la comparaison des deux versions des contes retenus. 4 Le recueil de Dadie s’intitule Le pagne noir , titre qui est aussi celui d’un conte du volume (le deuxieme), comme il est d’usage courant dans ce type d’ouvrage. Much Ado About. Cela dit, le choix de ce titre pour l’ensemble du recueil est significatif. College Essays. Le pagne est, avec le boubou, un vetement emblematique du continent africain tel qu’il est vu par l’Occident, comme le sari peut par exemple l’etre pour l’Inde. History Periodic Table. Sa qualite meme d’objet textile renvoie en outre par metaphore a l’idee de texte – on essays about sait qu’il s’agit de la meme etymologie – d’autant qu’il existe aussi en plusieurs cultures locales des analogies symboliques entre le deroulement de la parole et le tissage. Ado About Benedick Quotes. Ce n’est d’ailleurs sans doute pas par hasard si de son cote Birago Diop, dans sa preface, a recours lui aussi a la metaphore textile, qu’il file justement avec dexterite : Dans la trame solide de ses contes et de ses sentences, me servant de ses lices sans bavures, j’ai voulu, tisserand malhabile, avec une navette hesitante, confectionner quelques bandes pour coudre un pagne (souligne par nous) sur lequel grand-mere si elle revenait, aurait retrouve le coton qu’elle fila la premiere ; et ou Amadou Koumba reconnaitra, beaucoup moins vifs sans doute, les coloris des belles etoffes qu’il tissa pour moi naguere. 5 Quant a l’adjectif « noir » du titre de Dadie, il renvoie implicitement a l’ensemble du continent subsaharien suggere comme etant un ensemble culturellement homogene : le monde noir. College Essays Failure. Il s’agit bien entendu d’un mythe, meme si le conte est un genre qui voyage beaucoup et dont on in operant reinforcement retrouve souvent les types et les motifs d’une societe a une autre.
Alors que precisement le repertoire de culture orale a un tres fort ancrage ethnique, celui-ci se trouve gomme dans le titre. College Essays Failure. Et, dans la mesure ou il n’y a pas de preface chez Dadie, rien n’indique quelle est la source culturelle precise de ces contes qui sont presentes au lecteur. Viktor And His. Il faut attendre la quatrieme de couverture pour induire qu’il s’agit d’un repertoire baoule : Avec evidence, ces textes manifestent la rencontre heureuse d’un ecrivain avec son monde, cette Afrique du pays Baoule (sic) recreee a travers le merveilleux de la fable […] 6 Une recherche ethnolinguistique un peu serieuse permet pourtant d’attester qu’il s’agit bien la d’un repertoire typiquement agni-baoule, mais cet aspect est en l’occurrence occulte au profit d’une pretendue universalite continentale : l’Afrique noire. 7 La mise en page de la couverture du recueil de Birago Diop est elle aussi interessante par rapport a la visee de l’ouvrage. College About. Sur un dessin colorie representant des habitations villageoises africaines (toits coniques en chaume) et des animaux « anthropomorphises », le texte se presente ainsi : en haut de page, la mention « Les contes d’Amadou Koumba » sur deux lignes, le nom d’Amadou Koumba se trouvant sur la deuxieme ligne ecrit en gros caracteres et en rouge. On Has Gone To Far?. En bas de page, dans la meme couleur mais en caracteres plus petits et sans majuscules, figure la mention de l’auteur du recueil : birago diop. College Essays About. Du point de vue semiotique, une telle politique n’est pas innocente. Taylor Swift: My Role Model Essay. Lorsque le lecteur apprend dans la preface qu’Amadou Koumba est un « griot », c’est-a-dire un artiste de la parole, sorte de pendant symbolique de l’ecrivain dans la culture ecrite, et que c’est lui qui, apres sa grand’mere, a raconte a l’auteur les contes qui figurent dans le recueil, on failure comprend mieux la relation entre les deux noms, de meme couleur qui figurent sur la couverture.
En haut, en gros caracteres et avec des majuscules, Amadou Koumba, en bas, en lettres plus petites et sans majuscules, birago diop, qui apparait ainsi comme le modeste disciple du premier. Much Ado About Nothing Quotes. Toujours est-il que, par ce biais, les contes ainsi presentes se trouvent marques d’une double authentification auctorale. 8 Or, tout chercheur ayant quelque peu travaille sur les litteratures orales africaines sait bien que, meme si un griot, l’artiste des grandes societes ouest-africaines, peut affectionner de dire des contes, c’est rarement sa fonction premiere et que le conte, a l’oppose de beaucoup d’autres genres de l’oralite, est par excellence un genre dont tout le monde peut s’approprier l’enonciation. About Failure. C’est bien d’ailleurs ce que suggere la preface de Diop qui reconnait avoir d’abord entendu ces contes chez sa grand-mere et les avoir retrouves ensuite un peu partout, dans diverses bouches, au cours de ses peregrinations de medecin veterinaire en Afrique de l’Ouest. Nothing Benedick Quotes. Il y a donc un tres fort parti pris dans la presentation de la realite culturelle telle qu’elle apparait sur la page de couverture d’un livre publie en francais, chez un editeur, Presence Africaine, dont la denomination met elle aussi en evidence l’Afrique comme continent culturellement homogene et dont le siege se trouve en outre a Paris. Essays. Dans l’optique de promotion culturelle que nous avons evoquee a cette epoque, une telle strategie semble viser d’abord un public occidental, de culture ecrite, pour qui une production verbale n’a de statut culturel veritablement valorise qu’a partir du moment ou on metaphors lui reconnait un createur identifiable. College Essays About. C’est pourquoi ici les contes sont les contes d’Amadou Koumba avant d’etre ceux de Birago Diop. Science: Of The Essay. Ils sont presentes comme ayant deja le label d’une sorte d’auteur reconnu dans la culture orale avant meme de passer a l’ecrit par les soins de l’ecrivain. 9 C’est dans un tel contexte qu’il convient d’analyser l’evolution subie par nos deux contes entre leur version orale originelle et leur version litteraire ecrite.
Commencons par « Le b?uf de l’araignee » de Dadie qui est a examiner en regard de la version orale de ce conte-type, recueillie en pays agni, transcrite et traduite par Marius Ano N’Guessan sous le titre « Araignee et Bosse » ( Contes agni de l’Indenie , Abidjan, Imprimerie nationale, 1976). Essays About. Il est evident que la structure des deux histoires est suffisamment similaire pour qu’on puisse reconnaitre sans aucun doute un meme conte-type dont on Frankl Theory peut donner un resume sous une forme susceptible de rendre compte des deux versions dont nous disposons : 10 Dieu a un champ plein de broussailles inextricables et decide de le faire defricher. College About. Personne ne se presente sauf Araignee2 a qui Dieu promet un b?uf en cas de succes. In Operant Is:. Araignee s’acquitte de la tache et recoit le b?uf en recompense. Essays. Il veut manger son b?uf seul, refusant de le partager meme avec une mouche. Science: Of The Essay. Pour parvenir a ses fins, il s’enfonce dans la brousse et defeque regulierement jusqu’a ce que plus aucune mouche ne vienne se poser sur ses crottes. College. C’est la qu’il abat et prepare son b?uf.
C’est alors qu’un hote surnaturel lui tombe du ciel et lui demande de le porter au lieu du festin. In The. Araignee refuse d'abord mais l’autre le rend bossu quand il cherche a fuir. College Essays. Il l’emmene donc et se prepare ensuite a manger son b?uf mais l’autre en reclame la totalite qu’Araignee se voit contraint de lui ceder sous peine de devenir bossu. Essay Digital To Far?. A la suite de quoi Araignee met au point un stratageme pour eliminer son adversaire. College About. En bon decepteur, il s’arrange ensuite pour qu’un tiers (le mouton chez Dadie, le toucan dans la version orale) subisse les consequences nefastes engendrees par sa vengeance. 11 Au-dela d’un tel archetype, il y a d’importantes variantes qui sont significatives du statut culturel de chacun de ces deux recits. Swift: Model Essay. Il serait evidemment tout a fait interessant, de ce point de vue, de s’interesser a l’evolution de la langue d’une version a l’autre mais nous ne sommes pas en mesure de le faire avec les donnees dont nous disposons. Essays Failure. La version originelle produite oralement est en effet deja traduite en francais et, pour fidele qu’elle soit (toutes les phrases dites dans l’enonce oral s’y trouvent), il est evident que le traducteur a adopte un style tres ecrit, assez peu conforme semble-t-il d’ailleurs a la tradition poetique du conte. Ado About Nothing. Le debut du recit, avec l’expression « herbes urticantes » qui releve plutot du vocabulaire medical que de celui du conte, avec l’accord de concordance aboutissant a l’imparfait du subjonctif, indice d’une langue savante ou precieuse, enfin avec l’emploi du terme « Sire », trop connote dans une culture, est tres significatif a ce propos.
Nous laisserons donc de cote cet aspect pour nous interesser a la structure du recit. 12 On peut remarquer d’emblee que la version de Dadie est sensiblement plus longue. College Essays Failure. Cette augmentation du volume tient a l’addition d’un certain nombre de motifs mais aussi a l’expansion de la fonction descriptive, presque absente de la version orale. Raven. La ou celle-ci disait simplement « Dieu avait un champ plein d’herbes urticantes ( i. About Failure. e . Essay On Has Digital To Far?. de mauvaises herbes), le texte de Dadie nous decrit ce champ sur pres de deux pages, avec une accumulation d’adjectifs expressifs et de metaphores qui temoigne d’une recherche d’ecriture selon une conception – certes assez scolaire – du beau style comme on essays pouvait encore en avoir a l’epoque : Dieu avait un champ plein de ronces et de broussailles. On Has Digital To Far?. Ronces et broussailles etaient si emmelees que les serpents eux-memes fuyaient le lieu. College About Failure. […]Les epines dressees dans le ciel ressemblaient a de grosses pointes effilees. Metaphors. Et ronces et broussailles, sous le soleil et la pluie croissaient sans cesse […].Dans ce champ poussait un fromager peu commun, un gros, gros fromager qui devait etre l’ancetre des fromagers, tant il etait biscornu, manchot, tordu, boudineux, epineux, massif. College Essays About. Quelque chose d’effrayant, de hideux comme arbre. Viktor Theory. Les oiseaux sur ce champ jamais ne se posaient. About Failure. Le soleil meme glissait tandis que la brise le contournait (p. Viktor Frankl Of Logotherapy Essay. 51).
13 De meme, la recherche de quelqu’un qui veuille bien se charger de la tache proposee, qui tient en une phrase dans « Araignee et Bosse », s’etale sur pres d’une page (54-55) chez Dadie. About. Plus loin, la rencontre entre Dieu et Araignee (7 lignes dans « Araignee et Bosse », 2 pages dans « Le b?uf de l’araignee »), puis le defrichage (2 lignes contre 2 pages) sont egalement beaucoup plus developpees dans la version « litteraire » qui, en outre, multiplie les indications psychologiques et les modalites indicielles dans les comportements des personnages : chez Dadie, Kacou Ananze (l’araignee) cogne avec force et furie (p.57), l’enfant de Dieu pleure (p.58), etc. Frankl. Alors que la version orale, sobre dans le decor comme dans la psychologie, ne connait essentiellement que des « noyaux », pour reprendre la terminologie de Barthes, la version litteraire multiplie, sous forme de catalyses, les digressions qui ne sont nullement indispensables a l’economie de l’intrigue comme, entre autres cette conversation entre Araignee et Dieu sur la condition humaine (p. College. 55). 14 On va retrouver exactement le meme phenomene entre « Les coepouses bossues », conte wolof recueilli par Momar Sall et publie dans Contes et mythes du Senegal (CILF/EDICEF, 1986) et « Les mamelles », texte tire des Contes d’Amadou Koumba de Birago Diop. Swift: Model Essay. Le conte populaire oral fait moins de deux pages la ou la version de l’ecrivain en fait dix. Failure. La non plus, pas de doute cependant qu’il s’agit bien du meme conte-type dont un resume commun peut etre fait aussi facilement que dans le cas precedent : 15 Deux coepouses sont bossues. Much Ado About. L’une d’elle tombe par hasard sur des genies a la danse desquels elle s’associe, a la suite de quoi ils lui prennent sa bosse. College Essays Failure. La seconde, instruite par la premiere, veut faire pareil, mais loin de lui retirer sa bosse, les genies lui ajoutent celle laissee par sa coepouse la fois precedente. 16 Dans la version litteraire, les indications physiques et psychologiques notamment, presque absentes de la version orale, sont tres developpees pour caracteriser les heroines du recit ; la mauvaise : Envieuse, Khary, la premiere femme de Momar l’etait.
Elle aurait pu remplir dix calebasses de sa jalousie et les jeter dans un puits, il lui en serait reste encore dix fois dix outres au fond de son c?ur noir comme du charbon. Taylor Model Essay. Il est vrai que Khary n’avait peut-etre pas de grandes raisons a etre tres, tres contente de son sort. Essays About Failure. En effet Khary etait bossue. Taylor Swift: My Role Essay. Oh ! Une toute petite bosse de rien du tout qu’une camisole bien empesee ou un boubou ample aux larges plis pouvait aisement cacher. College Essays. Mais Khary croyait que tous les yeux du monde etaient fixes sur sa bosse (p.
33). 17 comme la bonne : Cependant Koumba etait bossue elle aussi, mais sa bosse depassait vraiment les mesures d’une honnete bosse. In The. On eut dit, lorsqu’elle tournait le dos, un canari de teinturiere qui semblait porter directement le foulard et la calebasse poses sur sa tete. Essays About. Koumba, malgre sa bosse, etait gaie, douce et aimable. Essay Digital Manipulation To Far?. Quand on essays about failure se moquait de la petite Koumba-Khoughe du temps ou elle jouait, buste nu, en lui demandant de preter un instant le bebe qu’elle avait sur le dos, elle repondait en riant plus fort que les autres : « Ca m’etonnerait qu’il vienne avec toi, il ne veut meme pas descendre pour teter. Swift: Model. » Au contact des grandes personnes plus tard, Koumba qui les savait moins moqueuses peut-etre que les enfants, mais plus mechantes, n’avait pas change de caractere. College Essays Failure. Dans la demeure de son epoux elle restait la meme (p. Viktor Frankl And His Theory Essay. 35). 18 Ces exemples montrent bien comment le recit proprement dit est interrompu par ces longues digressions descriptives dont nous n’avons donne qu’un abrege et qui nous font entrer avec l’imparfait dans une epaisseur temporelle qui est plus le fait de la narration romanesque que de celle du conte qui, en principe, ne sort que rarement et brievement du temps du recit. College About. On remarquera en outre que les personnages qui etaient anonymes dans le conte d’origine orale ont tous recu des noms dans la version de Birago Diop, trait qui lui aussi caracterise plutot un recit de type romanesque. 19 Outre ces phenomenes d’expansion indicielle, dans « Les mamelles », le recit se trouve egalement interrompu par des considerations generales, selon l’opposition desormais classique entre discours et recit, et qui, linguistiquement parlant, sont reperables par le present gnomique comme temps principal. Essay On Has Manipulation Gone To Far?. Ces parentheses discursives, generalement inconnues des contes oraux, donnent au texte de Diop une sorte de dimension philosophique par la portee generale de ce qui est avance : Lorsqu’il s’agit d’epouses, deux n’est point un bon compte.
Pour qui veut s’eviter souvent querelles, cris, reproches et allusions malveillantes, il faut trois femmes ou une seule et non pas deux. College Essays Failure. Deux femmes dans une meme maison ont toujours avec elles une troisieme compagne qui non seulement n’est bonne a rien, mais encore se trouve etre la pire des mauvaises conseilleres. Swift: Essay. Cette compagne, c’est l’Envie a la voix aigre et acide comme du jus de tamarin (p.33 ). 20 On retrouvera de meme plus loin (p.36) de longues considerations sur les vertus et les dangers du tamarinier qui nous font sortir completement de l’histoire et qui ne trouvent leur justification que parce que, dans l’intrigue, c’est aupres d’un tamarinier que Koumba recevra d’une vieille femme-genie la revelation de ce qu’elle doit faire pour perdre sa bosse. 21 « Les mamelles » revelent aussi un autre procede qui est celui de l’enchassement du recit, en l’occurrence le conte, dans un contexte enonciatif plus vaste qui renvoie a d’autres lieux et qui justifie la convocation de ce conte particulier. Essays Failure. Le premier de ces lieux est la France en hiver d’ou le narrateur est cense parler, alors qu’il est plein de nostalgie. In Operant Conditioning, Is:. Le fait que ce soit dans un tel contexte affectif que remontent a lui les contes de son pays est une facon de mettre en evidence la puissance emotionnelle de cette culture orale et son efficacite. Essays About Failure. Dans cette evocation on Essay on Has Manipulation Gone to Far? retrouvera dans l’ecriture, avec l’abondance des adjectifs et le recours aux images, la meme recherche de « beau style » que nous avions deja notee chez Dadie, indice probable, pour l’auteur, du parler litteraire : Quand la memoire va ramasser du bois mort, elle rapporte le fagot qu’il lui plait…3 L’horizon bouche m’encercle les yeux.
Les verts de l’ete et les roux de l’automne en alles, je cherche les vastes etendues de la savane et ne trouve que les monts depouilles, sombres comme de vieux geants abattus que la neige refuse d’ensevelir parce qu’ils furent sans doute des mecreants… Mauvais tisserand, l’hiver n’arrive pas a egrener ni a carder son coton ; il ne file et tisse qu’une pluie molle. Essays. Gris, le ciel est froid, pale, le soleil grelotte ; alors, pres de la cheminee, je rechauffe mes membres gourds… Le feu du bois qu’on a soi-meme abattu et debite semble plus chaud qu’aucun autre feu…Chevauchant les flammes qui scintillent, mes pensees vont une a une sur les sentiers qui bordent et envahissent les souvenirs (p. Science: History Of The Periodic Essay. 31). 22 Alors donc que, dans ce premier lieu, il regarde les flammes de la cheminee, va surgir un souvenir. Essays About. Le narrateur se rappelle un voyage en bateau tandis qu’il revient au Senegal. Conditioning, Reinforcement Is:. Sur ce bateau, il rencontre une Francaise qui fait la moue en apercevant les « Mamelles », deux petites montagnes de la pointe des Amaldies, ainsi baptisees parce qu’elles ressemblent a des tetons emergeant de l’eau. Essays. C’est ce souvenir qui appelle le conte comme le lecteur le comprendra retrospectivement. Metaphors. En effet, chez Birago Diop, ce recit a une valeur etiologique, puisqu’il est cense expliquer l’origine de ces deux minuscules montagnes : elles seraient l’emergence des deux bosses de la coepouse depitee qui s’est jetee de honte dans la mer. Essays About. Ce procede d’emboitement successif qui fut tres en vogue au XVIIIe et au XIXe siecle (voir, entre autres, Maupassant) est encore un indice typique de litterarite, totalement ignore du conte populaire et qui, en l’occurrence, permet en outre a Birago Diop de dedier son conte a cette Francaise qui devient ici en quelque sorte la metonymie de son lectorat occidental : Ma memoire, ce soir au coin du feu, attache dans le meme bout de liane mes petites montagnes, les epouses de Momar et la timide et blonde Violette pour qui je rapporte, en reponse, tardive peut-etre, a son ironique question, ceci que m’a conte Amadou Koumba (p.
33). 23 Mais precisement, on Science: History Table Essay voit bien, chez Dadie comme chez Diop, que beaucoup de procedes stylistiques (syntaxe recherchee, adjectifs, metaphores…) ou rhetoriques (longues descriptions du decor, du physique et de la psychologie des personnages, alternance du recit et du discours, procedes d’emboitement) correspondent a des strategies d’ecriture consistant a habiller le conte oral africain selon des normes litteraires de la scripturalite qui le rendent plus consommable et qui le valorisent aux yeux d’un lectorat occidental cense etre habitue a certaines conventions propres a la litterature romanesque. 24 Cette evolution, impliquee par le passage de l’oral a l’ecrit litteraire ne consiste d’ailleurs pas seulement a multiplier les indices de litterarite romanesque, dans le style comme dans la morphologie narrative, mais elle modifie aussi la fonction culturelle de ces contes, changeant assez radicalement ce qu’on appelle generalement leur « morale ». About Failure. Si, par exemple, on reinforcement is: revient sur le conte-type mettant en scene Araignee et Bosse, on failure peut s’arreter sur plusieurs differences notables qui en changent la perspective. 25 Dans la version populaire orale, Dieu n’a pas mis de condition particuliere au defrichage de son champ et Araignee ne triche pas en accomplissant sa tache. Reinforcement. Il semble donc avoir legitimement merite le b?uf promis.
En revanche, dans la version de Dadie, Dieu met une condition a l’abattage de l’arbre monstRueux. College Essays. Il ne faut pas l’abattre avec une hache ni un quelconque objet tranchant, mais avec « ca » que le lecteur, compte tenu des suggestions contextuelles appuyees, n’a aucun mal a identifier comme etant le sexe masculin. Swift:. Le motif de l’arbre que le heros doit abattre avec son penis existe bien en de nombreux repertoires de contes africains, mais il est en principe associe a un autre conte-type, celui de la quete d’une epouse, et c’est une epreuve proposee par le beau-pere aux pretendants. College About Failure. On comprend d’ailleurs mieux dans ce contexte le sens d’une telle exigence puisque l’epreuve apparait alors comme un moyen de garantir la virilite du futur epoux. Metaphors Raven. En outre, cette condition est generalement formulee de facon beaucoup plus directe et crue : le texte du conte dit tout simplement et sans ambage que le pretendant doit abattre l’arbre avec sa verge. College Essays About. Les raffinements et les jeux euphemiques de Dadie dans le recit qu’il a lui-meme redige, indices d’un souci de bienseance, sont donc typiquement lies a l’idee qu’il se fait d’une certaine culture occidentale ou les themes galants sont a l’occasion apprecies dans la bonne litterature a condition d’etre plaisamment allusifs. In The Raven. Cette formulation euphemique, dans le cadre d’une sorte de jeu subtil avec le lecteur, a peut-etre aussi pour fonction de contribuer a contredire le stereotype colonial selon lequel le negre, souvent associe a une sexualite primaire et grossiere, est incapable de telles finesses. 26 Dadie semble donc avoir amalgame ici des elements de deux contes-types pour n’en faire qu’un seul. College Essays About. Il a d’ailleurs emprunte d’autres motifs classiques de contes ouest-africains comme celui du decepteur qui, pour accomplir un mefait ou une tricherie, envoie sa dupe naive puiser de l’eau dans une corbeille tressee, tache impossible qui permet de l’eloigner pour un bon moment et de donner tout son temps au decepteur pour arranger sa duperie. Nothing. Il n’est certes pas impossible que Dadie ait lui-meme entendu une version orale de ce conte-type qui presentait de tels elements, dans la mesure ou l’oralite est soumise a la variabilite et ou il ne faudrait pas commettre l’erreur grossiere de considerer la version orale dont nous disposons comme un modele fige. College. Dans toutes les cultures, le conte est un « meccano », selon l’expression de Georges Jean, et les contes-types peuvent s’accommoder de plusieurs variantes, dont il n’est pas possible de dire qu’une est plus legitime que l’autre.
Cependant, celui qui connait un peu le repertoire des contes ouest-africains et en particulier agni, ne peut pas ne pas avoir le sentiment d’une tendance, dans « Le b?uf de l’araignee », a proposer un conte enrichi d’elements de plusieurs autres, afin de presenter un texte plus dense, offrant en quelque sorte une synthese culturelle. 27 En outre, cette addition d’une condition mise par Dieu au defrichage du champ modifie le sens de la mesaventure vecue ensuite par Araignee. Conditioning, Is:. Dans la version populaire orale, si Araignee a acquis son b?uf de facon legitime, sa punition ne peut venir que de son comportement posterieur a cette acquisition. College About Failure. Il ne veut partager son b?uf avec quiconque, pas meme avec une mouche. Ado About. Et c’est cet egoisme foncier, symptomatique d’une ideologie individualiste contraire aux valeurs communautaires de partage et de solidarite pronees dans la societe agni-baoule comme en beaucoup de societes africaines, qui semble la cause du chatiment transcendant (Bosse tombe d’en haut) qu’il recoit, sous forme de la privation du festin tant convoite. College Essays About. Et, bien sur, comme Araignee est le decepteur dans ce repertoire de contes, il se venge a son tour de celui qui l’a depouille de son b?uf et il fait subir a un autre les consequences de son mefait. 28 Une telle lecture est toujours possible dans la version de Dadie ou Ananze (Araignee) manifeste le meme comportement individualiste, toutefois elle est concurrencee par une autre interpretation qui relativise la premiere et la fait passer au second plan. On Has Digital. Ananze a triche pour obtenir son b?uf, puisque, au lieu de l’abattre avec son sexe comme le voulait la prescription de Dieu, il l’a tranche a la hache, mystifiant l’enfant de Dieu delegue pour le surveiller. College. S’il est donc par la suite prive de sa recompense, c’est aussi a cause de la tricherie et de la tricherie a l’egard de Dieu, ce qui motive singulierement le caractere transcendant du chatiment dont le texte nous precise la encore qu’il « tomba du ciel » (p.60) et qu’il est bien interprete par le heros comme un envoi de Dieu. Science: Periodic. Une telle lecture est encore favorisee par le chant qu’entonne Ananze apres s’etre vu remettre le b?uf : Dieu, dieu, mais on college about failure peut le tromper. Il suffit d’avoir du cran. Frankl And His Theory. […] (p.59).
29 La lecon du conte populaire, liee a une morale ethnique et peut-etre plus largement africaine, pronant des valeurs de solidarite communautaire et condamnant l’individualisme, s’elargit donc, dans la version litteraire en francais, a une morale plus universelle sur l’honnetete (« Bien mal acquis ne profite jamais ») et prend une coloration nettement metaphysique puisqu’il est plus precisement question de bonne foi vis a vis de la transcendance. College Essays About. Le fait que, dans cette version, l’agent du chatiment soit justement la Mort (avec une majuscule) au lieu de simplement « Bosse » comme dans la variante d’origine orale, renforce evidemment cette lecture metaphysique du conte. Much Ado About Quotes. Le texte de Dadie voit donc s’accentuer, pour un lectorat plus vaste, sa portee philosophique generale. 30 Le conte des deux coepouses offre la meme possibilite de glissement interpretatif, avec, semble-t-il, les memes objectifs. College Failure. Dans la version d’origine orale, il n’est pas question d’une bonne et d’une mauvaise coepouse et rien n’est dit sur leurs qualites morales respectives. In The. Si l’une reussit sa quete implicite en perdant sa bosse et si l’autre echoue en se voyant ajouter a la sienne la bosse de la premiere, ce ne peut donc en aucun cas etre interprete comme une recompense de la bonte de la premiere et une sanction de la mechancete de la seconde. College Essays Failure. La seule chose qui differe entre les deux, c’est leur comportement lorsqu’elles participent a la danse des genies.
La premiere reprend tres scrupuleusement les paroles de leur chant, qui d’ailleurs consiste essentiellement a repeter en wolof le mot de « mardi » (talaata, terme emprunte a l’arabe), jour de leur reunion, comme l’indiquent les propos de la premiere coepouse lorsqu’elle revele son secret a la seconde : « Si tu te rends la nuit du mardi du cote des toilettes, tu trouveras les djinns en train de jouer dans une vaste cour. Taylor. ». Essays About Failure. La seconde, en revanche, prolonge a sa fantaisie le chant en enumerant les autres jours de la semaine : mercredi, jeudi, vendredi (Allarba, Alxames, Aljuma). Viktor And His Theory Of Logotherapy Essay. Et le contexte montre de facon tres explicite que c’est cette invention personnelle de la femme qui conduit les genies a lui ajouter a sa bosse celle de sa coepouse, abandonnee a la seance precedente : Les djinns affoles s’interrogerent : « Qui a l’audace d’allonger notre chanson sans notre autorisation ? » Les autres ponctuaient : « C’est cette etrangere, c’est cette etrangere ; nous nous devons donc de lui doubler sa bosse. Essays About. » Ils prirent la bosse de la coepouse qu’ils collerent a la sienne en lui disant : « Deguerpis ! Tu n’as rien a ajouter a notre chanson sans notre autorisation ! » 31 On comprend que nous sommes en presence d’un conte initiatique indiquant que l’initie doit se conformer scrupuleusement aux indications de ses maitres initiateurs. Quotes. La premiere reussit son initiation parce qu’elle agit ainsi, tandis que la seconde echoue du fait qu’elle n’a pas une attitude suffisamment respectueuse ni docile. College Essays About. Pas de lecon ici autre qu’initiatique. 32 En faisant de ses deux coepouses une bonne et une mauvaise, Birago Diop modifie considerablement la signification du conte, d’autant que, dans la rencontre entre Koumba et la vieille femme sous le tamarinier (p. Viktor Frankl And His Theory Of Logotherapy. 37), le texte insiste par prolepse sur le fait que ce qui va arriver a Koumba est une recompense meritee de sa grande bonte : Koumba, reprit la vieille femme, je connais ton bon coeur et ton grand merite depuis que tu reconnais ta droite de ta gauche.
Je veux te rendre un grand service car je t’en sais digne. College Essays. Vendredi, a la pleine lune, sur la colline d’argile de N’Guew, les filles-genies danseront. Theory Of Logotherapy. Tu iras sur la colline lorsque la terre sera froide. Essays About Failure. Quand le tam-tam battra son plein, quand le cercle sera bien anime, quand sans arret une danseuse remplacera une autre danseuse, tu t’approcheras et tu diras a la fille-genie qui sera a cote de toi : -Tiens, prends-moi l’enfant que j’ai sur le dos, c’est mon tour de danser. 33 Quant a Khary, la mechante coepouse, lorsqu’elle se rend a son tour a la danse des filles-genies, elle ne semble pas commettre d’erreur particuliere dans le deroulement du rite. Essay On Has Digital To Far?. Par consequent, si elle se voit affublee de la deuxieme bosse, cela ne peut apparaitre que comme une punition transcendante de sa mechancete intrinseque, qui la conduit d’ailleurs finalement a la mort, de rage, episode qui ne se retrouve pas dans la version orale. College Essays About. Le conte est donc passe d’une lecon essentiellement initiatique a une morale plus ou moins universelle qui veut que les bons soient recompenses et les mechants punis, ce qui gomme l’identite wolof et plus largement africaine du conte au profit de valeurs beaucoup plus familieres au lectorat occidental. 34 A propos de cet episode de la rencontre avec les genies, on and his notera aussi, chez Diop, le meme souci de bienseance et d’effacement du trivial au profit du poetique. Failure. Alors que dans la version populaire elle a lieu a cote des toilettes4, dans le conte de Diop, elle se deroule « a la pleine lune, sur la colline d’argile de N’Guew (…), lorsque la terre (est) froide ». 35 En outre, dans la version wolof authentique, la presence des deux coepouses est une donnee de depart du conte : « Il y avait une fois deux coepouses bossues », precision qui ne requiert aucun besoin de justification dans la societe agni-baoule ou la polygamie est une pratique normale et courante.
36 En revanche Birago Diop se sent oblige, dans son conte ecrit directement en francais, de presenter les choses un peu differemment. Viktor Theory Of Logotherapy. Dans « Les mamelles », si Momar prend une seconde epouse, c’est parce qu’il est en quelque sorte contraint a le faire : sa premiere femme, Khary est absolument epouvantable et ne remplit pas son office d’epouse. Essays Failure. Il a somme toute une « excuse » pour prendre une seconde femme et, en creux, le lecteur est invite a comprendre que si Khary n’avait pas ete si mauvaise, jamais il n’aurait eu l’idee de prendre Koumba : Las de travailler tout le jour et de ne prendre que le soir un repas chaud, Momar s’etait decide (souligne par nous) a prendre une deuxieme femme et il avait epouse Koumba. 37 Ce souci, dans la version litteraire, d’excuser la polygamie, en lui trouvant une justification circonstancielle, temoigne encore de la conscience de l’auteur d’avoir a s’adresser – au moins partiellement – a un lectorat qui voit dans la polygamie une pratique de « sauvage » ou en tout cas une pratique culturellement inferieure. 38 Cette breve analyse de nos deux contes aura donc montre qu’en passant de la culture orale de leur terroir a une production ecrite en francais, dans le contexte d’une certaine epoque, ils ont subi une transformation profonde qui, derriere une apparente fidelite aux grandes lignes de l’histoire, est presque une trahison de leur personnalite originelle, tant du point de vue de la morphologie du recit que de la moralite des contes. Metaphors Raven. Affirmer ainsi qu’il s’agit d’une trahison ne signifie nullement de notre part prononcer une condamnation de l’entreprise des deux ecrivains. College. Notre propos n’est pas ici de nous poser en censeur ni de prendre parti pour louer ou condamner. On Has Digital To Far?. La litterature n’a pas a s’accommoder de dogme et toute l’histoire de la creation litteraire est faite, dans l’intertextualite, de trahisons parfois geniales. College Essays About. Il s’agit seulement de constater que ces contes « litteraires », s’ils sont bien des ?uvres africaines – il n’y a aucune raison de leur denier cette qualite -, sont des produits d’epoque (les annees soixante) marques par le mouvement de la negritude et le souci de promotion exogene de la culture africaine dont les intellectuels du continent voulaient montrer l’appartenance au patrimoine culturel universel. Much Ado About Nothing Quotes. Pour ce faire, les auteurs les presentaient d’abord comme partageant les memes canons et les memes valeurs que celles qui avaient cours en Occident. College Essays About Failure. De telles productions, apres le traitement qu’elles ont subi, n’ont evidemment plus grand chose a voir avec les contes oraux qui en ont ete la source.
CAMARA Laye (1978), Le maitre de la parole, Kouma Lafolo Kouma, Plon. DADIE Bernard (1955), Le pagne noir. KOUMBA Amadou, « Les coepouses bossues », in Science: Contes et mythes du Senegal, CILF, Fleuve et Flamme, 1991. NGUESSAN M.A., Araignee et bosse. NIANE Djibril Tamsir (1960) Soundjata ou l’epopee mandingue, Presence Africaine.
SALL Momar, Contes et mythes du Senegal, Fleuve et Flamme, EDICEF, 1991.
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The Five Stages of Small Business Growth. Categorizing the problems and growth patterns of small businesses in a systematic way that is useful to entrepreneurs seems at first glance a hopeless task. Small businesses vary widely in size and capacity for growth. They are characterized by independence of action, differing organizational structures, and varied management styles. Yet on closer scrutiny, it becomes apparent that they experience common problems arising at similar stages in their development. These points of similarity can be organized into a framework that increases our understanding of the nature, characteristics, and problems of businesses ranging from a corner dry cleaning establishment with two or three minimum-wage employees to college essays about, a $ 20-million-a-year computer software company experiencing a 40 % annual rate of growth.
For owners and managers of small businesses, such an understanding can aid in assessing current challenges; for example, the need to Viktor Frankl and his Essay, upgrade an college essays failure existing computer system or to metaphors in the, hire and train second-level managers to maintain planned growth. It can help in essays, anticipating the key requirements at various points—e.g., the Frankl and his Theory of Logotherapy, inordinate time commitment for owners during the start-up period and college essays, the need for delegation and changes in their managerial roles when companies become larger and more complex. The framework also provides a basis for evaluating the impact of present and Viktor Theory Essay, proposed governmental regulations and policies on one’s business. A case in point is the college essays about failure, exclusion of dividends from double taxation, which could be of great help to a profitable, mature, and stable business like a funeral home but of no help at all to a new, rapidly growing, high-technology enterprise. Finally, the framework aids accountants and consultants in diagnosing problems and My Role, matching solutions to smaller enterprises.
The problems of a 6-month-old, 20-person business are rarely addressed by essays about advice based on much ado about nothing benedick quotes a 30-year-old, 100-person manufacturing company. For the former, cash-flow planning is paramount; for college essays failure, the latter, strategic planning and metaphors raven, budgeting to achieve coordination and operating control are most important. Developing a Small Business Framework. Various researchers over college about, the years have developed models for examining businesses (see Exhibit 1). Each uses business size as one dimension and company maturity or the stage of growth as a second dimension. While useful in many respects, these frameworks are inappropriate for small businesses on at least three counts. Exhibit 1 Growth Phases. First, they assume that a company must grow and pass through all stages of development or die in in the raven, the attempt.
Second, the about failure, models fail to capture the important early stages in a company’s origin and growth. Third, these frameworks characterize company size largely in terms of annual sales (although some mention number of employees) and ignore other factors such as value added, number of locations, complexity of product line, and rate of change in products or production technology. To develop a framework relevant to small and growing businesses, we used a combination of experience, a search of the literature, and empirical research. (See the second insert.) The framework that evolved from this effort delineates the five stages of Frankl of Logotherapy Essay development shown in Exhibit 2. Each stage is college essays failure, characterized by an index of and his of Logotherapy Essay size, diversity, and complexity and described by about failure five management factors: managerial style, organizational structure, extent of formal systems, major strategic goals, and the owner’s involvement in the business. We depict each stage in Exhibit 3 and describe each narratively in this article. We started with a concept of growth stages emanating from the work of Steinmetz and Greiner. We made two initial changes based on our experiences with small companies. The first modification was an extension of the independent (vertical) variable of size as it is used in the other stage models—see Exhibit I to include a composite of value-added (sales less outside purchases), geographical diversity, and complexity; the complexity variable involved the number of product lines sold, the extent to which different technologies are involved in the products and the processes that produce them, and the rate of change in these technologies. Thus, a manufacturer with $ 10 million in sales, whose products are based in much benedick, a fast-changing technical environment, is farther up the vertical scale (“bigger” in terms of the other models) than a liquor wholesaler with $ 20 million annual sales. Similarly, a company with two or three operating locations faces more complex management problems, and hence is farther up the scale than an otherwise comparable company with one operating unit. The second change was in the stages or horizontal component of the framework . From present research we knew that, at the beginning, the entrepreneur is college essays about failure, totally absorbed in the business’s survival and if the business survives it tends to evolve toward a decentralized line and staff organization characterized as a “big business” and the subject of most studies. * The result was a four-stage model: (1) Survival, (2) Break-out, (3) Take-off, (4) Big company.
To test the model, we obtained 83 responses to Science: History Periodic Table, a questionnaire distributed to 110 owners and managers of successful small companies in college essays failure, the $ 1 million to raven, $ 35 million sales range. Essays About. These respondents participated in Viktor and his, a small company management program and had read Greiner’s article. They were asked to identify as best they could the phases or stages their companies had passed through, to characterize the major changes that took place In each stage, and to describe the events that led up to about, or caused these changes. A preliminary analysis of the questionnaire data revealed three deficiencies in our initial model: First, the grow-or-fail hypothesis implicit in the model, and those of Science: of The Periodic Table others, was invalid. Some of the college essays failure, enterprises had passed through the survival period and then plateaued—remaining essentially the same size. with some marginally profitable and others very profitable, over a period of between 5 and 80 years. Second, there existed an early stage in Science: History Table, the survival period in which the entrepreneur worked hard just to exist- to college about failure, obtain enough customers to become a true business or to move the product from metaphors in the, a pilot stage into quantity production at an adequate level of quality. Finally, several responses dealt with companies that were not started from scratch but purchased while in a steady-state survival or success stage (and were either being mismanaged or managed for profit and not for growth), and then moved into a growth mode. We used the results of this research to revise our preliminary framework. The resulting framework is shown in college essays about failure, Exhibit II. We then applied this revised framework to Science: History Essay, the questionnaire responses and essays failure, obtained results which encouraged us to work with the revised model:
* John A. In Operant Is:. Welsh and Jerry F. White, “Recognizing and Dealing With the about, Entrepreneur,” Advanced Management Journal, Summer 1978. Exhibit 2 Growth Stages. Exhibit 3 Characteristics of Viktor Frankl and his Theory Small Business at Each Stage of Development. In this stage the main problems of the business are obtaining customers and delivering the product or service contracted for. Among the key questions are the following: Can we get enough customers, deliver our products, and provide services well enough to become a viable business? Can we expand from that one key customer or pilot production process to a much broader sales base? Do we have enough money to cover the considerable cash demands of college this start-up phase? The organization is Viktor and his Theory, a simple one—the owner does everything and directly supervises subordinates, who should be of at least average competence. Systems and formal planning are minimal to nonexistent. Essays Failure. The company’s strategy is simply to remain alive.
The owner is the business, performs all the important tasks, and is the major supplier of energy, direction, and, with relatives and friends, capital. Companies in the Existence Stage range from on Has Gone, newly started restaurants and retail stores to high-technology manufacturers that have yet to stabilize either production or product quality. Many such companies never gain sufficient customer acceptance or product capability to become viable. In these cases, the owners close the college essays about failure, business when the start-up capital runs out and, if they’re lucky, sell the business for its asset value. (See endpoint 1 on Exhibit 4). In some cases, the owners cannot accept the demands the business places on nothing their time, finances, and energy, and they quit. Those companies that remain in about, business become Stage II enterprises.
Exhibit 4 Evolution of Small Companies. In reaching this stage, the business has demonstrated that it is a workable business entity. It has enough customers and Digital Manipulation to Far?, satisfies them sufficiently with its products or services to keep them. The key problem thus shifts from mere existence to the relationship between revenues and expenses. The main issues are as follows: In the about, short run, can we generate enough cash to break even and to cover the repair or replacement of our capital assets as they wear out? Can we, at a minimum, generate enough cash flow to stay in business and to finance growth to a size that is sufficiently large, given our industry and market niche, to earn an economic return on much nothing benedick our assets and essays failure, labor? The organization is still simple.
The company may have a limited number of Periodic Table Essay employees supervised by a sales manager or a general foreman. College About Failure. Neither of them makes major decisions independently, but instead carries out the rather well-defined orders of the owner. Systems development is minimal. Formal planning is, at History of The Table, best, cash forecasting. The major goal is still survival, and the owner is still synonymous with the business. In the college about, Survival Stage, the enterprise may grow in size and profitability and move on to Stage III. Or it may, as many companies do, remain at the Survival Stage for some time, earning marginal returns on invested time and Viktor Frankl of Logotherapy Essay, capital (endpoint 2 on Exhibit 4), and eventually go out of business when the owner gives up or retires. The “mom and pop” stores are in this category, as are manufacturing businesses that cannot get their product or process sold as planned.
Some of these marginal businesses have developed enough economic viability to ultimately be sold, usually at a slight loss. Or they may fail completely and drop from sight. The decision facing owners at this stage is whether to failure, exploit the company’s accomplishments and metaphors in the, expand or keep the company stable and profitable, providing a base for alternative owner activities. Thus, a key issue is whether to use the company as a platform for growth—a substage III-G company—or as a means of support for the owners as they completely or partially disengage from the company—making it a substage III-D company. (See Exhibit 3.) Behind the disengagement might be a wish to start up new enterprises, run for political office, or simply to pursue hobbies and other outside interests while maintaining the business more or less in the status quo. In the Success-Disengagement substage, the college failure, company has attained true economic health, has sufficient size and quotes, product-market penetration to ensure economic success, and earns average or above-average profits. The company can stay at this stage indefinitely, provided environmental change does not destroy its market niche or ineffective management reduce its competitive abilities. Organizationally, the company has grown large enough to, in many cases, require functional managers to take over certain duties performed by the owner. The managers should be competent but need not be of the highest caliber, since their upward potential is limited by the corporate goals.
Cash is plentiful and the main concern is to avoid a cash drain in prosperous periods to the detriment of the company’s ability to withstand the inevitable rough times. In addition, the first professional staff members come on essays about board, usually a controller in the office and perhaps a production scheduler in the plant. Basic financial, marketing, and production systems are in place. Planning in the form of operational budgets supports functional delegation. Taylor. The owner and, to college essays failure, a lesser extent, the company’s managers, should be monitoring a strategy to, essentially, maintain the status quo. As the business matures, it and the owner increasingly move apart, to some extent because of the much benedick, owner’s activities elsewhere and to some extent because of the presence of other managers. Many companies continue for college about, long periods in much ado about nothing, the Success-Disengagement substage. The product-market niche of some does not permit growth; this is the case for many service businesses in small or medium-sized, slowly growing communities and for franchise holders with limited territories.
Other owners actually choose this route; if the company can continue to adapt to environmental changes, it can continue as is, be sold or merged at a profit, or subsequently be stimulated into growth (endpoint 3 on Exhibit 4). For franchise holders, this last option would necessitate the purchase of college essays about failure other franchises. If the company cannot adapt to changing circumstances, as was the in the raven, case with many automobile dealers in college failure, the late 1970s and early 1980s, it will either fold or drop back to a marginally surviving company (endpoint 4 on Exhibit 4). In the Success-Growth substage, the raven, owner consolidates the company and marshals resources for growth. The owner takes the cash and the established borrowing power of the company and risks it all in college essays, financing growth. Looking Back on Business Development Models. Business researchers have developed a number of models over the last 20 years that seek to delineate stages of corporate growth. Joseph W. McGuire, building on the work of W.W.
Rostow in economics, * formulated a model that saw companies moving through five stages of economic development: † 1. In The Raven. Traditional small company. 2. Planning for essays about failure, growth. 3. Take-off or departure from existing conditions. 4. Drive to professional management. 5. Mass production marked by a “diffusion of objectives and an interest in ado about nothing quotes, the welfare of society.” Lawrence L. Steinmetz theorized that to survive, small businesses must move through four stages of growth.
Steinmetz envisioned each stage ending with a critical phase that must be dealt with before the company could enter the college about, next stage. § His stages and phases are as follows: 1. Direct supervision. The simplest stage, at the end of Essay on Has Digital Manipulation which the owner must become a manager by college essays about learning to delegate to others. 2. And His Essay. Supervised supervision. To move on, the manager must devote attention to college essays about, growth and expansion, manage increased overhead and complex finances, and learn to become an administrator. 3. Indirect control.
To grow and Taylor Swift: Model, survive, the company must learn to delegate tasks to key managers and to deal with diminishing absolute rate of return and overstaffing at the middle levels. 4. Divisional organization. At this stage the company has “arrived” and has the resources and organizational structure that will enable it to remain viable. C. Roland Christensen and Bruce R. Scott focused on development of college failure organizational complexity in a business as it evolves in its product-market relationships. They formulated three stages that a company moves through as it grows in overall size, number of products, and Taylor Model, market coverage: ‡ 1. One-unit management with no specialized organizational parts. 2. One-unit management with functional parts such as marketing and finance. 3. Multiple operating units, such as divisions, that act in failure, their own behalf in the marketplace. Finally, Larry E. In Operant Conditioning, Is:. Greiner proposed a model of corporate evolution in which business organizations move through five phases of growth as they make the transition from college about, small to large (in sales and much ado about, employees) and from young to mature. || Each phase is about failure, distinguished by an evolution from the prior phase and then by a revolution or crisis, which precipitates a jump into the next phase. Each evolutionary phase is characterized by a particular managerial style and each revolutionary period by a dominant management problem faced by the company. Much Nothing Benedick Quotes. These phases and crises are shown in Exhibit 1.
*W.W. Rostow, The Stages of Economic Growth (Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, 1960). †Joseph W. McGuire, Factors Affecting the college, Growth of Manufacturing Firms (Seattle: Bureau of Business Research, University of Washington, 1963). §Lawrence L. Steinmetz, “Critical Stages of Small Business Growth: When They Occur and How to Survive Them,” Business Horizons, February 1969, p. 29. ‡C. Roland Christensen and much ado about benedick quotes, Bruce R. Scott, Review of Course Activities (Lausanne: IMEDE, 1964). ||Larry E. Greiner, “Evolution and Revolution as Organizations Growth,” HBR July–August 1972, p. 37. Among the important tasks are to make sure the basic business stays profitable so that it will not outrun its source of about failure cash and to develop managers to much benedick, meet the needs of the growing business. This second task requires hiring managers with an eye to the company’s future rather than its current condition.
Systems should also be installed with attention to forthcoming needs. Operational planning is, as in substage III-D, in the form of budgets, but strategic planning is extensive and deeply involves the owner. The owner is thus far more active in all phases of the company’s affairs than in college failure, the disengagement aspect of this phase. If it is successful, the III-G company proceeds into Stage IV. Indeed, III-G is often the first attempt at growing before commitment to a growth strategy. If the III-G company is unsuccessful, the causes may be detected in time for the company to shift to III-D. If not, retrenchment to the Survival Stage may be possible prior to bankruptcy or a distress sale. In this stage the key problems are how to grow rapidly and how to finance that growth. The most important questions, then, are in the following areas:
Can the owner delegate responsibility to others to improve the managerial effectiveness of a fast growing and My Role Model, increasingly complex enterprise? Further, will the action be true delegation with controls on performance and a willingness to see mistakes made, or will it be abdication, as is so often the case? Will there be enough to essays about failure, satisfy the great demands growth brings (often requiring a willingness on in the raven the owner’s part to tolerate a high debt-equity ratio) and a cash flow that is not eroded by inadequate expense controls or ill-advised investments brought about by college about failure owner impatience? The organization is decentralized and, at least in part, divisionalized—usually in either sales or production. The key managers must be very competent to handle a growing and complex business environment. The systems, strained by growth, are becoming more refined and extensive. Both operational and strategic planning are being done and involve specific managers. Reinforcement Is:. The owner and the business have become reasonably separate, yet the company is still dominated by both the owner’s presence and about, stock control.
This is a pivotal period in a company’s life. If the owner rises to the challenges of a growing company, both financially and managerially, it can become a big business. If not, it can usually be sold—at a profit—provided the owner recognizes his or her limitations soon enough. Too often, those who bring the business to the Success Stage are unsuccessful in Stage IV, either because they try to much nothing benedick quotes, grow too fast and college failure, run out of cash (the owner falls victim to Swift: Model Essay, the omnipotence syndrome), or are unable to delegate effectively enough to college essays failure, make the Digital to Far?, company work (the omniscience syndrome). It is, of course, possible for the company to college essays, traverse this high-growth stage without the original management. Often the entrepreneur who founded the Viktor and his of Logotherapy Essay, company and brought it to the Success Stage is replaced either voluntarily or involuntarily by the company’s investors or creditors. If the company fails to make the big time, it may be able to college about, retrench and continue as a successful and substantial company at a state of equilibrium (endpoint 7 on Exhibit 4). Or it may drop back to Stage III (endpoint 6) or, if the problems are too extensive, it may drop all the way back to the Survival Stage (endpoint 5) or even fail. (High interest rates and uneven economic conditions have made the latter two possibilities all too real in in the raven, the early 1980s.)
The greatest concerns of a company entering this stage are, first, to consolidate and control the financial gains brought on about by rapid growth and, second, to retain the in the, advantages of small size, including flexibility of response and the entrepreneurial spirit. The corporation must expand the management force fast enough to eliminate the inefficiencies that growth can produce and professionalize the company by use of college essays about failure such tools as budgets, strategic planning, management by objectives, and standard cost systems—and do this without stifling its entrepreneurial qualities. A company in Stage V has the staff and financial resources to engage in detailed operational and strategic planning. The management is decentralized, adequately staffed, and experienced. And systems are extensive and well developed. The owner and the business are quite separate, both financially and operationally.
The company has now arrived. It has the advantages of size, financial resources, and managerial talent. If it can preserve its entrepreneurial spirit, it will be a formidable force in the market. If not, it may enter a sixth stage of sorts: ossification. Ossification is much nothing benedick quotes, characterized by a lack of innovative decision making and the avoidance of risks. It seems most common in large corporations whose sizable market share, buying power, and college essays failure, financial resources keep them viable until there is a major change in the environment. Unfortunately for these businesses, it is usually their rapidly growing competitors that notice the environmental change first. Several factors, which change in in operant conditioning, is:, importance as the college about failure, business grows and develops, are prominent in determining ultimate success or failure.
We identified eight such factors in our research, of which four relate to the enterprise and four to the owner. The four that relate to the company are as follows: 1. Financial resources, including cash and borrowing power. 2. Personnel resources, relating to numbers, depth, and quality of Viktor Frankl and his of Logotherapy Essay people, particularly at the management and staff levels. 3. Systems resources, in terms of the degree of sophistication of both information and planning and control systems. 4. Business resources, including customer relations, market share, supplier relations, manufacturing and distribution processes, technology and reputation, all of which give the company a position in college failure, its industry and market. The four factors that relate to the owner are as follows:
1. Owner’s goals for himself or herself and for Viktor and his Theory of Logotherapy, the business. 2. Owner’s operational abilities in doing important jobs such as marketing, inventing, producing, and managing distribution. 3. Owner’s managerial ability and willingness to delegate responsibility and to manage the activities of others. 4. Owner’s strategic abilities for looking beyond the present and matching the about, strengths and weaknesses of the company with his or her goals. As a business moves from one stage to another, the Science: History of The Periodic Essay, importance of the factors changes.
We might view the factors as alternating among three levels of college essays about importance: first, key variables that are absolutely essential for success and must receive high priority; second, factors that are clearly necessary for the enterprise’s success and must receive some attention; and third, factors of little immediate concern to top management. If we categorize each of the eight factors listed previously, based on its importance at each stage of the company’s development, we get a clear picture of changing management demands. (See Exhibit 5.) Exhibit 5 Management Factors and the Stages. The changing nature of managerial challenges becomes apparent when one examines Exhibit 5. In the early stages, the owner’s ability to Swift: Model, do the job gives life to the business. Small businesses are built on the owner’s talents: the ability to sell, produce, invent, or whatever.
This factor is thus of the highest importance. The owner’s ability to essays, delegate, however, is on the bottom of the scale, since there are few if any employees to delegate to. As the company grows, other people enter sales, production, or engineering and metaphors in the raven, they first support, and then even supplant, the owner’s skills—thus reducing the importance of this factor. At the same time, the essays about, owner must spend less time doing and more time managing. He or she must increase the amount of work done through other people, which means delegating. The inability of many founders to let go of Taylor Swift: doing and to begin managing and delegating explains the college essays about, demise of many businesses in substage III-G and Stage IV. The owner contemplating a growth strategy must understand the Swift: My Role Model, change in personal activities such a decision entails and examine the managerial needs depicted in Exhibit 5. Similarly, an entrepreneur contemplating starting a business should recognize the need to do all the selling, manufacturing, or engineering from the essays about, beginning, along with managing cash and planning the business’s course—requirements that take much energy and commitment. The importance of cash changes as the business changes. Model. It is an extremely important resource at the start, becomes easily manageable at the Success Stage, and is a main concern again if the organization begins to grow. As growth slows at the end of Stage IV or in Stage V, cash becomes a manageable factor again.
The companies in Stage III need to recognize the financial needs and college essays about failure, risk entailed in a move to Stage IV. The issues of people, planning, and in operant is:, systems gradually increase in importance as the company progresses from essays, slow initial growth (substage III-G) to rapid growth (Stage IV). These resources must be acquired somewhat in advance of the growth stage so that they are in place when needed. Matching business and personal goals is crucial in the Existence Stage because the owner must recognize and be reconciled to the heavy financial and time-energy demands of the new business. Some find these demands more than they can handle. In the Survival Stage, however, the owner has achieved the necessary reconciliation and in operant reinforcement, survival is paramount; matching of goals is college essays failure, thus irrelevant in Stage II. A second serious period for Science: of The Essay, goal matching occurs in the Success Stage. Does the college essays about failure, owner wish to commit his or her time and Viktor Frankl and his of Logotherapy Essay, risk the accumulated equity of the business in order to grow or instead prefer to savor some of the about, benefits of success? All too often the owner wants both, but to expand the business rapidly while planning a new house on Maui for long vacations involves considerable risk.
To make a realistic decision on which direction to take, the Taylor Swift: Essay, owner needs to essays about, consider the personal and to Far?, business demands of different strategies and to evaluate his or her managerial ability to meet these challenges. Finally, business resources are the stuff of which success is made; they involve building market share, customer relations, solid vendor sources, and a technological base, and are very important in the early stages. In later stages the loss of a major customer, supplier, or technical source is more easily compensated for. Thus, the relative importance of this factor is shown to be declining. The changing role of the factors clearly illustrates the need for owner flexibility. An overwhelming preoccupation with cash is quite important at some stages and less important at others. Delaying tax payments at college about, almost all costs is paramount in Stages I and in operant reinforcement, II but may seriously distort accounting data and use up management time during periods of success and college essays, growth. “Doing” versus “delegating” also requires a flexible management. Holding onto old strategies and old ways ill serves a company that is entering the growth stages and can even be fatal. Even a casual look at Exhibit 5 reveals the demands the Take-off Stage makes on Theory Essay the enterprise.
Nearly every factor except the essays, owner’s “ability to do” is crucial. To Far?. This is the stage of action and potentially large rewards. Looking at this exhibit, owners who want such growth must ask themselves: Do I have the quality and diversity of college failure people needed to manage a growing company? Do I have now, or will I have shortly, the systems in place to handle the much ado about, needs of a larger, more diversified company?
Do I have the inclination and ability to delegate decision making to my managers? Do I have enough cash and borrowing power along with the inclination to risk everything to college essays failure, pursue rapid growth? Similarly, the in the raven, potential entrepreneur can see that starting a business requires an ability to do something very well (or a good marketable idea), high energy, and a favorable cash flow forecast (or a large sum of cash on hand). These are less important in Stage V, when well-developed people-management skills, good information systems, and budget controls take priority. Perhaps this is why some experienced people from large companies fail to make good as entrepreneurs or managers in small companies.
They are used to delegating and are not good enough at doing. This scheme can be used to evaluate all sorts of small business situations, even those that at first glance appear to be exceptions. Take the case of college essays about failure franchises. These enterprises begin the Existence Stage with a number of differences from most start-up situations. They often have the following advantages:
A marketing plan developed from extensive research. Sophisticated information and control systems in metaphors in the, place. Operating procedures that are standardized and very well developed. Promotion and other start-up support such as brand identification. They also require relatively high start-up capital. If the college essays, franchisor has done sound market analysis and has a solid, differentiated product, the new venture can move rapidly through the Existence and Survival Stages—where many new ventures founder—and into the early stages of Success. The costs to the franchisee for these beginning advantages are usually as follows:
Limited growth due to territory restrictions. Heavy dependence on the franchisor for continued economic health. Potential for later failure as the entity enters Stage III without the maturing experiences of Stages I and II. One way to grow with franchising is to acquire multiple units or territories. Managing several of these, of course, takes a different set of conditioning, is: skills than managing one and it is here that the lack of survival experience can become damaging. Another seeming exception is about, high-technology start-ups.
These are highly visible companies—such as computer software businesses, genetic-engineering enterprises, or laser-development companies—that attract much interest from the investment community. In Operant Conditioning,. Entrepreneurs and investors who start them often intend that they grow quite rapidly and then go public or be sold to other corporations. This strategy requires them to acquire a permanent source of college essays outside capital almost from the beginning. The providers of Viktor Frankl Theory Essay this cash, usually venture capitalists, may bring planning and college essays failure, operating systems of a Stage III or a Stage IV company to the organization along with an outside board of directors to oversee the investment. The resources provided enable this entity to jump through Stage I, last out much ado about nothing benedick quotes, Stage II until the product comes to market, and attain Stage III. At this point, the planned strategy for growth is often beyond the managerial capabilities of the founding owner and the outside capital interests may dictate a management change. In such cases, the company moves rapidly into Stage IV and, depending on college essays about the competence of the development, marketing, and production people, the company becomes a big success or an expensive failure. The problems that beset both franchises and high-technology companies stem from a mismatch of the founders’ problem-solving skills and the demands that “forced evolution” brings to the company. Besides the extreme examples of franchises and reinforcement is:, high-technology companies, we found that while a number of other companies appeared to be at about failure, a given stage of development, they were, on closer examination, actually at one stage with regard to Taylor Model, a particular factor and at another stage with regard to essays about, the others. For example, one company had an in operant conditioning, reinforcement abundance of cash from essays about failure, a period of controlled growth (substage III-G) and was ready to accelerate its expansion, while at the same time the Essay Digital Manipulation Gone, owner was trying to supervise everybody (Stages I or II). In another, the owner was planning to run for mayor of a city (substage III-D) but was impatient with the company’s slow growth (substage III-G).
Although rarely is a factor more than one stage ahead of or behind the company as a whole, an imbalance of factors can create serious problems for essays about failure, the entrepreneur. Indeed, one of the major challenges in a small company is the fact that both the problems faced and the skills necessary to deal with them change as the company grows. Thus, owners must anticipate and manage the factors as they become important to the company. A company’s development stage determines the managerial factors that must be dealt with. Its plans help determine which factors will eventually have to be faced.
Knowing its development stage and future plans enables managers, consultants, and investors to make more informed choices and to prepare themselves and their companies for later challenges. While each enterprise is unique in many ways, all face similar problems and all are subject to great changes. That may well be why being an owner is Essay Manipulation, so much fun and such a challenge. Neil C. Churchill is college about failure, a visiting professor at the Anderson School at UCLA and a professor emeritus of History of The Periodic Table Essay entrepreneurship at college about failure, INSEAD in Fontainebleau, France. Virginia L. Lewis is benedick, a senior research associate of the Caruth Institute at SMU.
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Nov 17, 2017 College essays about failure,
A for and against essay about the internet. Look at the essay and do the essays failure, exercises to improve your writing skills. Do the Viktor and his of Logotherapy, preparation exercise first. Then read the text and do the other exercises. What's your opinion? Do you think the internet is college bad for young people? For young people it is.
They shoud be surervised while accessing the internet, because they might find pornographic content, violent content and such. Internet, an metaphors raven invention which still amazes people in is own way, is not always good. It has really bad side effects on young adults. As in essays failure, the essay, the ado about nothing benedick, young people get addicted to online games and they become addicted to the internet quickly. As we can see, there are many more online games being made like Pokemon Go, etc. is really dangerous for young people. I think it really should have a age limit. And also we must be strict about the rules of age limit on internet too. College Essays About Failure. I#039;m also a young adult but I find internet uninteresting and dangerous so I approve of much ado about nothing quotes, it having age limits. For YOUNG PEOPLE yes it is. I think Internet is very useful in schools and in work.
It#039;s also handy when you need to communicate. On the other hand a lot of people are addicted from sites like facbook, twitter or instagram. I also agree that learning on the internet (like here ont the british council ;) ) is very usefull . So in conclusion internet is about failure possibly the most usefull thing that we ever invented. In Operant Conditioning, Reinforcement Is:. :) I agree with all of you, but what about learning how to play a musical instrument? I think internet can be very good for failure teenagers because it helps them a lot especially for essays, projects and metaphors in the raven, homeworks, but it can be also very bad because children spend too much time online. I like internet because I can listen to songs onYouTube and I use British Councile:) Hi BigBen6464. I'm glad to essays, hear that you enjoy practising English here :) Is there anything in particular that you like on the site? Jonathan (LearnEnglish Teens Team) Thanks! I like your reading skills practice, stories about UK and What is it? in Study Break. British Council really helps me with my vocabulary. Essay On Has Digital To Far?. I love it!
I think the internet is an amazing tool which can be used for equally amazing things, but only in college essays failure, the hands of the right person. One bad aspect of internet is that anyone could acess anything anytime. That means there is a lot of inappropriate content out there, but a good person is able to avoid it. In my opinion, though internet is very good and useful, but some young people use it for bad things. Such as playing computer games and get addict with it.
Many parents has banned the children not allowed to play forever,1 week or a day or so. But they never keep their word because, of course, parents love their kids, that is why after just a while,they let their children play AGAIN with their games, so really though, I think internet is useful with good children,and it is bad with bad children. I totaly agree. It all depends from metaphors raven parents. If they let children to about failure, spend too much time online children will get a bad habit when they grow up. You#039;re quite right! I agree with your good comment in point: #039;I think internet is useful with good children, and it is much ado about benedick quotes bad with bad children#039;. About. !! :) In my opinion, Internet is one of the greatest people created. You have an access to of The Periodic Essay, billions of libraries from your computer, you are able to speak with your friends even if they are on about the other side of the world.
Many people work using the Internet. Now let#039;s mention disadvantages of the much ado about nothing benedick quotes, Internet and web-technologies. Firstly, many people nowadays become addicted and can#039;t survive for more than an hour without computer or smartphone. Essays. They need to publish their photos in social networks, chat with 7 people in one moment and in operant reinforcement is:, read new posts in failure, their favourite online communities. Young people sometimes find their online-life better than the real one. The second disadvantage is that nobody can guarantee the safety of your personal data.
Everyone has heard stories about on Has Digital Manipulation Gone to Far?, hackers that published private and scandal photos of college essays failure, data base of the big company. It#039;s not really pleasant to know that somebody can easily find out Taylor Model, all your secrets. To sum up, Internrt is essays about a wonderful tool for searching the necessary information, but social networks is Viktor and his Essay quite tricky part of World Wide Web. College Essays Failure. I think the internet very useful for us .bcz we can get anything without spend alot of time in looking it . everything when we use it excessively and more than usually #039;it will be badthing. Well, we must admit that on Essay on Has Gone this perfectly imperfect planet nothing entirely good or entirely bad exists. Internet is included.
Surely it was meant for connecting people from all continents, but as the human mind has no border line we found out how to use it for different things that provide us either with information or amusement. It is said that the Internet is a good servant but a bad master. Therefore, we can see that the college essays about, problem isn#039;t in the Internet itself but rather in the humans, as it is us who are using it and who are asked FOR WHAT we are using it. So for our irresponsibility we shouldn#039;t blame the Internet but ourselves as we are unable to conditioning,, use a powerful tool for our own improvement but we use it for our own unwanted degradation. I think that#039;s quite right!! Nowadays, Internet has been the most important thing in mutimedia life.
Personally, l consider that the internet is bad or not,which depends on users. I think the essays about, Internet is Essay Manipulation to Far? something that we have to know, and we should know what is college failure good and bad for Viktor Frankl us, and keep ourselves away from what can damage ourselves in any way. Essays About. I think it is the same for young people, we have to be responsible, because the Viktor Frankl and his, Internet is a tool that helps us either with the school, or with any ordinary situation. i think internet is useful for everyone. If it was a bad thing, something awful, it would have changed instead of reaching the whole world. Is something crazy, used 24hrs a day, everyday of the week, a lot of information, and a lot of people online. About teenagers who are addicted to college about, games, that depends on each family. Parents could create rules, so no one would be in a bad position. And that also depends on the teenager#039;s sense of what he or she can or can#039;t do.
It#039;s impossible to live without internet in Frankl and his Theory of Logotherapy Essay, a society like nowdays, it#039;s just so easy to make a research, work on a project. c#039;mon, does anyone here wants to spend hours and hours looking for few informations? Internet is useful for everyone, for young and old people. There#039;s a lot of essays, sites that can help us a lot. But, today Internet ha gone too far away. Almost, there#039;s no home without the internet(more than 70% in whole world are with internet). Yes, there are a good and a bad sites on on Has Digital the Internet. Essays Failure. We have different web-sites(Facebook,Tumlr, Twitter, Instagram. ) that shows us a different world. We can learn a lot of things (English, French. ) and conditioning, reinforcement, a lot of failure, other things.
But we all know that Internet isn#039;t so much safe.Even if we think that we have good hide it our information, we don#039;t. There#039;s a lot of dangerous people in metaphors in the raven, the world. To sum up, I completely agree with essay. No, i don`t thing internet bad for young people, because there is many information in college essays about failure, the internet. In Operant Is:. In my opinion, I dont think Internet is bad for people. Without the Internet, I cannot learn language (English) by myself and college failure, I wouldn#039;t be able to access to lots of useful information that school doesn#039;t teach me. On the much nothing quotes, other hand, internet is bad only when people dont know how to use it wisely. If young people use the about, Internet for studying and relaxing in proper way, internet would be very useful. To me, the internet#039;s the most wonderful tool that human had created.
In my own perspective, the Internet plays an important role in the communicating barrier. As you can see, people all around the world are using the Internet, including the elderly. We communicate with each other using the internet and it really helps us to stay connected with one another. Much Nothing Quotes. Besides, without the internet, how are the countries going to develop? Our knowledge and the view to the outside world, the perspective to failure, the outside of our comfort zone will be just limited, like a frog in the well.
So, why not? The internet is the of The Table Essay, best connection between an individual to the whole wide world. It#039;s definitely a boon. Internet is very usefull for us. About Failure. Internet is particularly useful for everyone, nearly all things are on the internet, you can get anything by only searching on it. Internet seems becoming really important nowadays, it helps people a lot, for example i use internet for on Has Digital Manipulation to Far? learning English, reading news and doing research for my tasks. However, internet also can give many bad effects, people become so fanatical on social media and often forget about time and everything they should do. I completely disagree that internet is bad for teenagers, internet can be useful or useless, it depends on college about failure the way people use the internet. Much Benedick Quotes. How does this photo make you feel? Can you write a caption for failure it? . Look carefully.
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Nov 17, 2017 College essays about failure,
Example Of Nature Essay Essays and Research Papers. Lisa Boldman Professor Hugh Fraser English 102 17 February 2012 Nature , Technology, and the Responsible Man The “Green” effort is going . in full force today. It is quite unpopular to not have an alleged conscience about the environment and effects of modern society. Marketing departments of every corporation are using this approach to sell their products in an effort to college appear to have an “ecological conscience.” This is a very good idea, planting the seed in consumer’s minds that we only have. A Good Thing , Aldo Leopold , Ecology 1038 Words | 3 Pages. Sample SAT Essays —Up Close Below is our sample essay question, which is designed to be as close as possible to an . essay question that might appear on the SAT. You’ll recognize that it’s based on the great philosopher Moses Pelingus’s assertion, “There’s no success like failure,” which we have referred to throughout this chapter. This particular essay topic presents you with a very broad idea and then asks you to explain your view and back it up with concrete examples . Not every SAT essay topic will.
Dot-com bubble , Essay , Essays 2405 Words | 7 Pages. Sample Essay Read this example sample essay . Then answer the questions below. The qualities of a hero . include selflessness, having the inspiration to be a founder and being courageous. Of Logotherapy! With these qualities in mind, it is easy to see why many Emiratis see Sheikh Zayed as a hero. He embodied the three qualities mentioned above and these heroic qualities were seen in his life and college about, work. In Operant Is:! He was born in Al Ain and college about, had a simple education which included learning the Koran and mathematics. His. Abu Dhabi , Al Ain , Hero 1313 Words | 4 Pages. Descriptive Essay 1) Definition: Descriptive essay is one of the History Periodic Essay many types of writing styles that provides a detailed . description for a particular person, place, memory, experience or object. Descriptive essay is purposely created so readers can readily imagine its particular subject matter.
It focuses on the five senses which are sight, smell, touch, sound and taste. 2) Example : Spring Everyone has a comfortable place to escape to for relaxation. They go there when they need to be. Hearing , Odor , Olfaction 1017 Words | 4 Pages. Examples from about, Reflection Essays Disciplinary Awareness “The research I did this summer focused on sorption of cesium and . strontium by soils. And His! These two chemicals are commonly found in chemical contaminants… My research also focused on college failure the distribution coefficient which is a measurement of how much of a solvent is [absorbed] by a geologic medium.” “I found that many of the readings I came across regarding abortion seemed to convey a strong belief in human rights, which was demonstrated by the dichotomy. Abortion , Clean Water Act , Human rights 1543 Words | 5 Pages. Are we pulling away from nature ? Over just a few decades, computers have gone from taking up entire rooms to a person being able to carry one . around in Viktor Frankl and his Theory of Logotherapy, their pocket. Technology has grown to extraordinary levels. Essays About Failure! With all of these technology advancements comes consequences. Some argue that because of all of the technology advancements, society has lost touch with nature . There are people that believe that humanity has built such a complete shelter around themselves that nature is no longer a part of.
Animal Liberation Front , Concord, Massachusetts , Earth Liberation Front 1169 Words | 4 Pages. age of expansion following on an age of Essay Gone, discovery, its expansion led to college essays about still further discovery about architectural design and decoration. Section A: . Interiors S.Maria Della Salute (1631-1682) The interior of S.Maria Della Salute is a very good example of Essay on Has Manipulation Gone to Far?, Baroque Architecture and design. It displays the Baroque essence in college about, a way but is not completely over ornamented nor does it contain any unsuitable details. Marble is mainly used in the columns and the base appears to be gilded in bronze.
Sculptures. Baroque , Baroque music , Dome 1264 Words | 4 Pages. live on his own from his point of view, but from nature’s point of in operant conditioning, reinforcement, view, he was never really prepared the day he had set out from the lack of his . inexperience. Essays About Failure! Therefore, Crabbe learns that nature has a bigger impact on raven one, than it might look. Second, Crabbe learns that if he were to live off on his own in nature , without Mary, he would die in a matter of a few weeks. Crabbe learns that the basic essentials of about, life are still needed to live in the wilderness when Mary teaches him them. Essay On Has Gone! “I grabbed a. 1999 albums , Battle of the Wilderness , Impact factor 1263 Words | 3 Pages. other areas) show specific anatomical and functional features in professional and semi-professional musicians.” One of the most visible . benefits of playing a musical instrument is the improvement of memory capacity and ability. Essays About Failure! For example , the constant use of ado about quotes, both the left and right hemispheres of the brain simultaneously in college about failure, someone who plays the piano exercises memory. Thanks to this, it is also believed that people who play musical instruments are less prone to have neurodegenerative. Brain , Intelligence , Intelligence quotient 946 Words | 3 Pages.
?John Doe Professor Mansito ENC 1101 12:00-1:50 21 October 2013 Essay 1 Sexuality: The 1950’s to Today Sexuality, like many other . Nothing! things in our world, is an about ever changing thing. The ideas and in the raven, connotations surrounding it change from generation to failure generation. Because of this, the idea of sex in the 1950’s is completely different from the idea of Viktor Frankl of Logotherapy, sex today. Today, sexuality can be expressed in almost anything we do. Commercials, billboards, TV shows, movies, magazine articles, and many other. 20th century , 21st century , Global warming 1105 Words | 4 Pages. Example Essay “He that is good for making excuses is seldom good for anything else.” -- Ben Franklin. College Essays About! As early as the . founding of the Essay Manipulation United States of America, Mr.
Franklin observed society using the excuse, I don't have enough time… and it negative effects on their lives. Today, it is frequently used as an about excuse to justify the lack of time management skills. The effects on kids, work, or even in family life are sometimes devastating. In a day there are 24 hours, and conditioning,, time is available. Benjamin Franklin , Family , Franklin Planner 950 Words | 3 Pages. idea of ghosts is far too exaggerated to be real. According to psychologydictionary.org the paranormal is “designating any phenomenon comprising the . transfer of data or energy which can't be described by present scientific insights” (“What”). College! For example , a couple of Essay on Has, years ago I was in college about, my house alone. I was walking towards the front door and is:, a pair of scissors fell from the countertop and on to the college essays failure floor. It scared me to Essay on Has Digital to Far? death and essays about failure, it was like the scissors had been thrown.
I do not know if it was. Cryptid , Ghost , Loch Ness Monster 1320 Words | 5 Pages. mess you up for life. Therefore these experiences will become a necessary example to on Has Digital to Far? teach you how to deal with the college unfairness . in raven, life. Essays! When I first started middle school I felt so out of place, I mean I had to Taylor Essay deal some very flaky people and I was very stressed out college a lot.
The reason why I was so stressed out was because of the Science: of The Essay changes that I had to endure around and to college essays about failure me. For example I had to deal with the disturbing fact that I was growing hair in various places on my. College , English-language films , High school 1128 Words | 3 Pages. ? Short Essay Isn’t being a dog, part of being human? What if that’s the best part, . the dog part? What if you’re really just a two legged dog? While I am agree with Nicholas Cage’s character’s point of in operant reinforcement, view that being an animal, being a creature struggling for college survival and occasionally giving freedom to its instincts is the part of being a human, I also think that the other part of being human is unique and is not possessed by any.
Apex predator , Auschwitz concentration camp , Hominidae 693 Words | 3 Pages. of the week when Pete receives big shipments of inventory for the store. When that occurs the retail part of the Garden Center can be really busy for a few . Science: History Of The Periodic Table! days after stocking the essays new inventory. Inventory can range from a variety of things, for example ; garden rocks in assorted rock pallets, mulch bags sorted out by Viktor and his of Logotherapy Essay, type, hay bales stacked, and even bird baths. So as one of the three managers, Pete has to make sure things go well and items are placed correctly and neatly throughout the essays about store, in. Annual plant , Evergreen , Garden 1115 Words | 3 Pages.
of essay preparation What differentiated higher quality example essays from lower quality example . essays ? There were several different aspects that differentiated higher quality example essay from lower quality example essays . Firstly, the higher quality example essays , such as the Distinction and High Distinction essays provided great structure and Essay on Has Manipulation, an argument with a very good presentation. The introduction in college essays failure, the Distinction essay introduced relevant literature and addressed the essay topic. Citation , Essay , Essays 761 Words | 3 Pages. Definition Essay Nature , in in operant conditioning,, its core function, is the cause and college essays about failure, effect relationship offered to things with . ascertainable objectivity, happening without cause. From this we can easily conclude that the state of the nature of something that something being an object with “thing-hood”, as humorously described in class is its beginning purpose and generality. There are a few debatable definitions of nature , which at first glance are very similar. On hand, we have nature that is History of The Periodic, described. Bison , Buffalo buffalo Buffalo buffalo buffalo buffalo Buffalo buffalo , Buffalo, New York 927 Words | 3 Pages. Lyndon B. College Essays About Failure! Johnson and much ado about, Essay Examples Tags. Compare and Contrast Essay Example by admin on college failure Monday, December 12th 2011 No Comment in Viktor Essay, Essay . examples Tags: Compare and Contrast, Compare and Contrast essay example , Compare and Contrast essay sample The address of President Lyndon Johnson to the University of Michigan in 1964 has been give priority in this document.
The test of the college essays failure success of the nation lies in the ability of the American people to exercise liberty and pursue happiness for the general population. These are the. A Separate Peace , Catheter , Farley Mowat 1022 Words | 5 Pages. The Evil Nature of Man: An Essay on Human Nature People today enjoy the many pleasures life provides, including . entertainment and technology, all the while living longer than ever before. Essay On Has Digital Manipulation To Far?! This would not be possible, if it were not for a government that protects it’s citizens from danger and promotes peace.
Humans are evil by nature , and essays failure, therefore require some form of power in a society that will protect each person. This evil is described in a interview with a U.S. soldier who after returning from. Bellum omnium contra omnes , Government , John Locke 2094 Words | 5 Pages. Agression Nurture Vs Nature Essay. ?Science in society essay ‘Is aggression down to nature or nurture’ discuss both sides of this argument. Is:! There is strong . evidence to suggest that aggression is an emotion which many people experience on a daily basis. This leads to great debate concerning whether aggression is stimulated by college failure, nature or nurture. Aggression is My Role Model, defined by the oxford dictionary as ‘the act of initiating hostilities or invasion’.
Aggression can also be defined as behavior directed towards another living being with the. Aggression , Gene , Genetic determinism 880 Words | 1 Pages. Throughout “King Lear” nature is holds different meanings that have major significance to the theme of the play. Essays Failure! Characters speak to it as . though it’s a personified entity; they refer to in the raven the celestial objects in the heavens above and even to that of animals of the Earth. When the characters speak to nature , they do it as a means of justifying their intentions or previous actions, and also as a means of invoking it in some form. Nature is also used to describe the disposition of a character and college essays, the. Edmund , King Lear , Meaning of life 1982 Words | 5 Pages. A: Human nature . A topic that has risen in high debate for years.
Some argue humans are naturally evil, while others think humans are naturally . moral and altruistic. C: In a world moving so fast, always obsessing over the next big thing, it is Periodic Table Essay, hard to determine whether we are naturally good or immoral. It is extremely difficult to tell whether our surroundings make us the way we are or if it is college essays about failure, our natural wants and desires. In Operant Conditioning,! There are many ways to examine human morality and behavior that is demonstrated. Altruism , Good and evil , Human 1599 Words | 4 Pages. The controversy of nature vs. nurture has been disputed for years. Essays Failure! Nature vs. nurture refers to the question of which factors are . most significant in Digital Manipulation Gone to Far?, determining development; those related to essays about heredity or environment. Taylor My Role Model! It has been reported that some scientists think that “ nature ” is referred as the importance in heredity as the essays about major determinate also known as “ nature ” the theory of human behavior. The nurture theory scientists believe that people think and behave in certain ways because they are. Human behavior , Human nature , Nature versus nurture 804 Words | 3 Pages.
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Discuss this statement using relevant theories and suitable examples to support your discussions Student’s Name: Natalie Edwards-Miller References 1. Bradfield, P., and Potter, S. (2004). Longman biology for CXC. Kingston, Ja: Carlong Publishers. 2. Leal, L. (2006). The essentials of psychology II. New Jersey. Albert Bandura , Eugenics , Human nature 1068 Words | 4 Pages. ?Jack Hamilton AP English 3 Mrs.
Rothbard Period 5 December 21, 2014 Bill O'Reilly Editorial Essay Whether it be from his television show . The O'Reilly Factor, one of his Killing books, or from editorial articles, it is fair to say that most Americans know who Bill O'Reilly is. O'Reilly is known for essays his conservative views that can be attributed in part to his coming from a classic Irish Catholic family and [having] attended private catholic schools, according to his biography on Viktor Frankl and his Theory Essay IMDb. Though. Bill O'Reilly , Editorial , Federal government of the United States 939 Words | 4 Pages. Example Literary Essay : The Giver by Lois Lowry Example Introduction Paragraph: “The real voyage of discovery . consists not in seeking new landscapes, but in essays, having new eyes.” This quote by on Has Digital Manipulation Gone to Far?, Marcel Proust speaks of discovering what?s right in college essays about failure, front of you by seeing it differently, with “new eyes.” The main character, Jonas, in Lois Lowry?s The Giver goes through a similar experience when he discovers his “Capacity to See Beyond.” Jonas begins to see his Community differently, with an History Periodic awareness or. Lois Lowry , Newbery Medal , The Giver 856 Words | 3 Pages. ? EXAMPLE 1 – ESSAY Life sometimes goes wrong under the best of circumstances, but what if you spend your days in a hospital bed . slowly suffocating to death as cancer eats away at your body? You’re horrified, your quality of life is at an all time low and you can’t see any point in delaying the inevitable. That is why Physician assisted suicide should be a choice for patients who are incurable. Physician assisted suicide (PAS) should be legal in cases that involve unbearable suffering or. Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis , Death , Euthanasia 1509 Words | 5 Pages.
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What is Nature Tourism? Nature tourism – responsible travel to natural areas, which conserves the environment and college failure, improves the metaphors in the raven . Essays About! welfare of local people. It is tourism based on the natural attractions of an area. Examples include birdwatching, photography, stargazing, camping, hiking, hunting, fishing, and visiting parks. These experiential tourists are interested in a diversity of natural and cultural resources. They want what is real, and they want to be immersed in a rich natural, cultural, or.
Biodiversity , Conservation biology , Habitat 683 Words | 3 Pages. ? Essay 1 The methods of political control used by the Han and Imperial Roman Empires were different, as in the degree of History of The Table, citizen participation . in government because of how each empire utilized it to control the people. Essays About! However, the Essay Manipulation Gone use of theologies to justify rule was a similar method used by the two empires because it allowed leaders to win over the people in more ways than one. In addition, the use of militaries to college about control the population and Essay Digital Gone, outlying territories was a similar method because. Ancient Rome , Byzantine Empire , Constantine I 2376 Words | 6 Pages. ART-O-METER scale essay Music is a form of essays about failure, expression; it is art, and what makes it of highest or lowest value can often be a matter of . personal choice.
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?10-2-13 Descriptive Essay At Peace in the Urban Jungle I stepped out of the cool, comfortable, air conditioned confines of the . Prudential Center right into an imaginary wall. WHACK! The sweltering heat and humidity immediately smothered me. It felt as if I was being tucked into a blanket made of college essays about failure, muggy, steamy air that reeked of smog. That is metaphors, Boston for you. Essays About Failure! I should not have expected anything less.
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Animal , Doing It , Don't Let Me Be Misunderstood 1392 Words | 5 Pages. Example of an Ethnolect Based Essay. travelled, can appreciate humour, and that he would like to about be perceived as an educated person with further academic goals. The phonological features of much benedick, a . College Essays! person’s speech are the most obvious signposts to his or her origins or mother tongue. In Operant Reinforcement! For example , Bill pronounces the essays about ‘not’ in ‘not really’, ‘correct’, ‘just’ and Manipulation Gone, ‘want’ by ending with a glottal stop (/?/), rather than the voiceless consonant (/t/). Essays! This occurs as final consonants are much less frequent in Mandarin than in Swift: Model, English and thus they. Australian English , British English , Dialect 953 Words | 3 Pages. Kerri Devine Essay on Human Nature There are two conflicting views on human nature . Chinese scholar Hsun Tzu . believed that man’s nature is evil and when man acts “good” it is only the result of what he called “conscious activity.” In the text, he describes conscious activity as “the part [of man] that can be acquired by essays, learning and brought to completion by and his Essay, effort.” In other words, Hsun Tzu believed that man is naturally selfish, and that unless there are rules and principles put in place to guide. Confucianism , Human , Human condition 997 Words | 3 Pages.
? Essay Instructions You will write 4 essays (double spaced, 12-point Times New Roman font). The first essay must . be 1,000–1,200 words, and college essays, the following essays must be 750–1,000 words each. Essay one corresponds to the essay one prompt as listed below. Essay two corresponds with the essay two prompt, etc. through all four essays . Each essay is a separate assignment. Metaphors! In completing each essay , research must be conducted through 2–4 peer-reviewed, scholarly sources in addition to the Bible and the. Bible , Religious text 990 Words | 3 Pages. anyone believe that they were a witch. This is also seen as injustice because it is definitely not fair or moral. College About Failure! In The Crucible, Miller uses character to Science: History of The Periodic Table . show that just because someone is different could possibly mean that they were witches. An example of character in college essays about, the film was when Giles Corey had just asked how someone’s day was and Viktor Theory of Logotherapy Essay, a fire had made flames. This made him convicted to being a witch just because how creepy people had seen him as.
Justice cannot be seen here because justice is. Arthur Miller , Daniel Day-Lewis , John Proctor 899 Words | 3 Pages. Descriptive Essay Example We all know college is hard; if it were easy, everyone would have . a degree and failure, no one would ever ask for help. Science: Periodic Table Essay! But here at Crafton Hills College, tutors are available to college failure help out students in any way, so that those who struggle can do well and be successful. These mentors don’t just lecture, they take the time to make sure students understand and comprehend what is being taught. Tutors are at Viktor Frankl Theory of Logotherapy hand for a variety of subjects, some have.
Learning , Teaching assistant , Tutor 1006 Words | 3 Pages. begins to college essays about resemble a highway during rush hour, congested with sluggish progress, and Sister’s walking speed is not helping the situation. Outside, my . eyes have trouble adjusting to the sudden change of scenery: from darkened building to brightened nature . The clouds do little to History of The Table Essay shade the ground as the essays about sun shines through them as if nothing is Taylor Swift:, attempting to block sun’s rays. College Essays About Failure! I allow myself to stand for a moment, warming myself – the air inside the much nothing quotes school is set to such a low temperature, that some. Grilling , Hamburger , Nursing 1132 Words | 3 Pages. spaces to people who don’t live in Ann Arbor who commute from all over the surrounding areas. For example , my MTH 169 teacher, Mr. King, would . commute from failure, Farmington to Ann Arbor every day. When in Taylor My Role Model, the class, he was always on time because he had another class before us so he had the opportunity to find a parking space, but if he arrived later than that he wouldn’t have found one. Another example was in essays about failure, winter 2012, my boyfriend’s mother had exited the Bailey Library, and immediately a person asked. Ann Arbor, Michigan , Bus , Bus stop 1050 Words | 4 Pages.
boot-camp not as a military training program, but rather as a group of individuals who are driven by conditioning, is:, a common goal? If we can do this then we can begin . making comparisons with other groups of college about, individuals and notice a great deal of similarities. For example , universities offer a wide variety of clubs such as the Philosophy Club or the nothing quotes Student Veterans Organization, and these clubs are formed because like-minded individuals driven by a common goal congregated and bonded to essays birth their club. Just like. Bond , Bonds, Lancashire , Marine 900 Words | 2 Pages. English term natural history is much ado about nothing, a translation of the Latin historia naturalis. Its meaning has narrowed progressively with time, while the essays about meaning of the . related term nature has widened (see also History below). In antiquity, it covered essentially anything connected with nature or which used materials drawn from Science:, nature . For example , Pliny the college essays about Elder's encyclopedia of this title, published circa 77 to ado about quotes 79 AD, covers astronomy, geography, man and college about failure, his technology, medicine and superstition as well as. Aristotle , Botany , Carl Linnaeus 1398 Words | 4 Pages. Psychology Essay Twin studies of very helpful in benedick quotes, the old nature vs. nurture debate, since identical twins have the . same DNA, or genetic makeup.
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Keeping our country and government operating . smoothly is another area where uncertainty surrounds our president’s capabilities. That is an My Role example of our tax money being insecure in the hands of our president. We pay more money a year than anyone can fathom and it is squandered in this country and around the world in ways that do not help solve our problems we face here at home or around the. Federal government of the United States , Illegal immigration , Illegal immigration to the United States 957 Words | 3 Pages. ?College Essay – Willem E. Essays About! Servaes To survive and thrive College!
The time has finally come; the Goal at the end of the rainbow. I . survived! sur·vive 1. To remain alive or in existence. 2. To carry on despite hardships or trauma; persevere. 3. Much Ado About Nothing Benedick Quotes! To remain functional or usable: I survived my move from a Belgian, Dutch-speaking school to an English speaking kindergarten in Chicago. College Essays About Failure! I survived my move from Chicago, to Maryland and ultimately I survived my long years in a Catholic.
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